Analysis Of Emile Durkheim's Views Of Suicide

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Emile Durkheim was born in France in 1858 to a strict Jewish family and throughout his life kept in touch with the Jewish Community despite not practicing the faith himself. He later moved to Paris and in 1879 he was accepted to study in Ecole Normale Superieure. As a student in Paris Durkheim became friends with many figures who were respected in their fields of study such as philosophers Edmond Goblot and Henri Bergson. Durkheim himself became involved in many political debates. After finishing school Durkheim decided to become a teacher in philosophy and later became a professor (Durkheim.UChicago 2014). To understand Durkheim’s views of suicide I must first look at the type of society he grew up in to try understand his particular study of the subject. Durkheim grew up in the late 19th century where people were judged on their social class. A man’s family background often cemented his future. Durkheim being born a Jew at this time it is possible that at some point in his life he would have been looked down upon. Durkheim during the course of his sociological study of suicide he split the subject into four categories two of which are based on pre modern suicides, Altruism and Fatalism. Altruistic suicide is for people who had severe social integration, in other words were part of a group or community who were tied closely by similar beliefs or common interests or social class and would commit suicide if they thought it was for the good of their group or felt obligated
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