Analysis Of Erikson's Development Stages

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Erik Erikson’s Developmental Stages

Psychologist Erik Erikson 's theory of psychosocial development emphasized socio-cultural factors as compared to Freud 's psychosexual developmental stage, and it was known as very rich classical development theory in that it proposed the developmental after the adolescence. He saw that development progressed in eight steps depending on how the contact between the individual 's ability and the needs of the social culture was changed.

Erikson divided the life cycle into 8 stages, focusing on the characteristics of the self through each stage. He thought that the stages of personality were predetermined and that the order remains same for all people. At each stage of the life cycle, there is a crucial timing for the psychological development. There will be a psychosocial crisis at each stage, and when each crisis was successfully resolved, a personality development was achieved. His theory emphasizes the importance of self and the social aspects of human development and is called the psychosocial development theory that explained that the development of human personality focuses on social relations with others and develops by acquiring attitudes and skills to become an active contributor to society. Although, he presented total of 8 stages, I will be focusing on 2 stages: ‘toddlers’ and ‘preschoolers’.


The striking physical changes seen in the “toddler” stage is that the children can walk, talk and control. They begin
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