Theories, Key Concepts, Principles, and Assumptions Two theories that will be discussed in this paper is Erik Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development and John Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment. Erikson’s theory is considered psychosocial, emphasizing the importance of social and cultural factors within a lifespan, from infancy to later adulthood. Erikson’s theory is broken down into eight consecutive age-defined stages. During each stage, a person experiences a psychosocial crisis that contributes to their personality development. Erikson was highly influenced by Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytical Theory of Development.
They also need play opportunities with adults which will allow children to learn that play is enjoyable. Physical play encourages babies and toddlers to move and to learn to coordinate their movements. When children have play opportunities it helps develop children’s fine and gross motor movements.
Erickson developed the first true life-span theory of human development which breaks down the processes of development into 8 stages. Erickson was an artist and teacher that was influenced by Freud. His attention then became entirely focused on children and the development of them. Ericksons psychosocial theory has had an impact on the developmental process because it covers the development on the whole life-span. According to Erickson (1950) psychological development results from the interaction between maturational processes or biological needs and the societal demands and social forces encountered in everyday life.
Today, within the framework of psychoanalysis social identity problem dealt with in detail Erikson, interest in particular issues of the evolution of self-consciousness of man and the stages associated with the development of his identity. It has identified eight stages in the formation of a mature identity. The first four stages occur in infancy and childhood, the fifth stage of puberty, and the last three in adulthood, old age inclusive. In his works Erikson puts special emphasis on puberty, because then a transition from childhood to adulthood. What is happening at this stage is very important for the personality of an adult.
Children this age display logic skills, the ability to apply rules and categories, and are able to infer. This is also the stage where children are supposed to learn to take in multiple variables and develop the skill of conservation. 2. According to Erikson, development is brought about by interactions with others. These pivotal moments are called psychosocial stages.
For this assignment we have to choose a specific age group and a guidance topic we want to focus on. I decided to discuss about Behavior Guidance topic from infants. I will be discussing the guidance model that includes for this topic and how I would use the guidance model with the infants. Assignment 6: Guidance Topic Notation and Reflection Typical infants behaviors can sometimes be challenging for parents and caregivers. Curiosity, exploration, and discovery are aspects of infant development that take place as they interact with and learn more about the world around them.
Having the right knowledge, skills and experience in understanding how children or young people develop are very important tools for early years practitioners. We must put to mind that each child born into this world is unique. Children are born with different characters, their personalities and behaviours are formed and influenced by a variety of factors. These factors may affect their ways of interacting with the environment and community or setting in which they live in. Most of the time, adults focus on the physical development and so quick to base their conclusions or judgement on the physical skills.
A child must endure both conflicting aspects in order to find a resolution (Fleming, 2004). From birth through to old age, basic conflicts and essential positive and negative events occur allowing for the beginning of the development of personality. Erikson’s fourth stage of development is ‘Industry vs inferiority’. This stage occurs between the ages of 6 and 11. At this stage of development a child learns to deal with new academic and social demands.
Also, he was employed in various educational schools. His childhood, education experiences, and careers influenced his contributions to lifespan development. As a “neo-Freudian”, Erikson developed eight psychosocial stages of development that greatly correspond with Freud’s Psychosexual Stages (Broderick
He explore and extended the Psychoanalytic Theory that was the aspect of identity (Id, Ego, Superego) that expound in child’s development. Erikson’s theory consider the impacted external factors that lead to positive or negative outcome in the child. Parents and society have the major impact on development of personality and behavior of a child from infancy to adulthood. Every person must pass through the eight stages over the entire cycle. Sigmund Freud was the father of psychoanalysis, is a method of for treating mental illness, or often known as the taking cure.