Analysis Of Erikson's Eight Stages Of Development

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Humans develop differently in their own ways, this is because not everyone is the same and not everyone goes through the same experiences. Understanding how development works is crucial for understanding the growth and fulfillment of human potential. Erik Erikson describes this development as the eight stages of psychosocial development, in which he covered pretty much every stage of any individual's life. His background is something that influenced his work and helped him come up with an incredible guideline for this process. Erik Erikson is one of the most influential psychologists of the 20th century. Erikson's experience with not being easily accepted helped him later on in his years to develop his developmental stages. Erikson did not…show more content…
The theory; the eight stages of development is what he is known for the most. Erikson's eight stages of development cover every stage a human can go through at all different ages. Unlike the works of Sigmund Freud, Erikson believes that forming an identity for you is a lifelong task. Sigmund Freud believe this was something that could be completed by age 5 or 6. Transferring from one stage or another is a crucial time in an individual’s life. According to Dunkel and Sefcek (2009) every stage has a name, two possible outcomes and a strength that can be gained if an individual goes through the stage the right way. Depending how a certain individual goes through each stage, leads to how well the next stage of their life may or may not work out. The stages start at infancy and lead their way into late adulthood and cover a range of vast emotions. The stages from infancy to late childhood begin with ‘trust vs mistrust’, ‘autonomy vs shame/doubt’, initiative vs guilt’, and ‘industry vs inferiority’. Once the individual has hit their teenage years throughout early adulthood and finally to late adulthood, the stages they face include,…show more content…
The first stage is where ground rules are made to impact a child’s life one way or another. Autonomy vs shame/doubt focuses on the toddlers. It is important for the caregivers to know how to let the toddlers be themselves, but at the same time correct them when needed. The strength that can be gained at this stage is willpower and self-control. Stage three is called initiative vs. guilt and its focus is on the preschoolers. Stage four; industry vs. inferiority lets children learns how to complete a task and get fulfillment out of it. Identity vs. role confusion is stage five and it deals with adolescence. “The fifth ego crisis is the most famous and influential of Erikson’s stages.” (Friedman & Schustack, 2009). The child is learning who he or she is and what they want to be. Stage six; intimacy vs. isolation focuses on young adults. This is a stage is most people’s lives when they are looking to find another individual they are compatible with to have a love relationship. Stage seven is called
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