Paragraph 1; Introduction “I had reasoned this out in my mind, there was one of two things I had a right to, liberty or death; if I could not have one, I would have the other.” said Harriet Tubman. She lived by this. When she was twenty nine Tubman ran away from slavery on her own and she freed approximately 300 other slaves. Also, she led an armed expedition during the Civil War and she was the first woman who did that. Harriet Tubman should be honored with the ACI Life Time Achievement Award because of the bravery she has shown in her journey to freedom, her inspiring ideals, and her fight to free and save others.
On the other hand, Frederick Douglass was born a slave in Talbot County, Maryland, in 1818. He also taught himself how to read and write during his time as a slave which was very difficult as it was a violation of the law for slaves to read. He eventually learned about the abolitionist movement and was deeply inspired by it. He later became an African American social reformer and leader of the abolitionist movement in the nineteenth century. Malcolm X wrote “Learning to Read” which describes how he learned to read in the course of his time in prison.
The first book written was “Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Morals” by Phillis Wheatley published September 1, 1773 (Teaching African American Literature). It was about how slavery and the racism in the world they lived in had an effect in her life. Many people supported her in her publishing her books like: John Hancock, Thomas
She had seen the Civil War Soldiers do this when their limbs had to be amputated.” Her dream was to build a home for the elderly, in 1908 the “Harriet Tubman Home for the Elderly” was built. She died on March 10, 1913 from pneumonia. After her death, Harriet Tubman was buried in Fort Hill Cemetery in Auburn with Military Honors. In conclusion Harriet Tubman was one of the bravest women of the nineteenth century. She risked her life to helps other enslaved Africans that were in need of help, to achieve their freedom.
Harriet Jacobs Incidence In The Life of A Slave Girl is Harriet’s very own autobiography, written to highlight impactful moments of her life as a child in slavery, moments during mother hood and eventually to her quest North to gain both the freedom of herself and her children as well. Episodes in the Life of a Slave Girl, by Harriett Jacobs, who took the pseudonym Linda Brent, is a convincing novel intended to bring out a women's activist voice in its perusers. Jacobs utilizes the force of her words and encounters as a slave to draw out the women's activist in men and ladies, however particularly in the white, Northern lady. She hopes to draw out "an abolitionist voice [that she, a] slave mother is relying upon her white, Northern, female
Anthony both were one of the first white women abolitionists and suffragists. They met in 1851 and since then became co-workers in the field of women’s rights and abolitionism. Elizabeth comparable to the other women in that period gained formal education, while Anthony originated from Quaker family and had been influenced by her abolitionist father. They both were active in abolitionist group Garrisonian along with known men abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison, Frederick Douglass and Parker Pillsbury. Stanton participated at World Anti-Slavery Convention in London in 1840 jointly with Garrison and she was denied to give an official speech due to her sex and requested to sit in back part a part from the view of present men.
“The Columbian Orator” was the first book Frederick Douglass ever owned as an imprisoned slave. After having the ability to read and write, Frederick had craved more. The Hugh family in the south viewed Frederick as property to their household. As a little boy, he was taught how to read and write by a kind hearted woman who was the wife of Mr.Hugh, which made her the slave owner of him. “My mistress who kindly commenced to instruct me”.Moreover, during the years of slavery, teaching a slave how to read was very uncommon.Overtime,Ms.Hugh’s attitude had began to change and fade away, with slavery becoming a greater mean of power and mastery.
She also acted as a civil war nurse, an advocate for civil rights and a leader in the underground railroad. Harriett Tubman, born Araminta Ross, was birthed in 1819 or 1820 as a slave. She changed her name to Harriett in honor of her mother and propositioned her owner to marry a freedman John Tubman. Her owners agreed to the marriage if she continued to work their plantation. Harriett led a challenging life and relied on her faith in God to assist her in her freedom and freedom of others.
Harriet Tubman was a Civil War nurse, an Abolitionist, Advocate of Women’s Suffrage Movement, Civil Rights activist, Prominent figure in the Underground Railroad, and the first women in America to conduct an armed military raid (Accomplishments”). Harriet Tubman was free for 12 years, in those 12 years Harriet helped turn the Underground Railroad into one of the most important aspects of abolitionism and Harriet became one of the most active Figures in the movement (“Harriet Tubman Summary”). “Harriet Tubman helped shelter the poor and the elderly on the farm in Auburn though she herself struggled financially” (“Harriet Tubman Summary”). Harriet being a Conductor, she guided many slaves to freedom in her lifetime. Harriet, being raised as a slave and being black hasn’t stopped her from achieving these
Ida B. Wells-Barnett (1862—1931) THE AWFUL SLAUGHTER May 8, 1909 Born to slaves, Ida B. Wells—Barnett was educated at Rust University in Mississippi and at Fisk University at Tennessee, before going to a much lauded career in journalist. Over the course of her career, Wells—Barnett wrote for the Memphis Free Speech (of which she was part owner), the Chicago Conservative and the New York Age, making a name for herself through her one-woman journalistic crusade against lyching. The following speech was delivered at the NAACP’s first annual conference in Atlanta, Georgia. THE LYNCHING record for a quarter of a century merits the thoughtful study of the American people. It presents three salient facts: First, lynching is a color—line murder.
What she does provides a he impact on those who were willing to fight for their rights. Going through the diary of her life, she takes us through a journey of her life during Reconstruction. Throughout her early life, Ida was born during the civil war, which according to historian James West Davidson, "During a civil war which we have used to define one another, slave versus free, which is being eliminated from the United States"(12). The civil war also meant the Emancipation proclamation which meant a lot to the Wells family. The proclamation helped free slaves during Lincolns presidency.
Learning to read Learning to read by Frederick Douglass encapsulates the story of a slave who was taught alphabets by her mistress who used to own him and was a relatively kind women then other slave owners and she used to be kind and gentle but the heart that slave owners possess eventually turns to stone and so did hers, meanwhile he started reading book s on his own, the courage and will to learn lead him to eventually learn how to write on his own, “The willingness of a salve in order to learn how to read and write is a tale worth telling”. (Douglass) The various issues that the African Americans had to face and that they beard for centuries also included not letting them how to read and right due to the fact that if someone learns about
With words, Frances Harper fought for human liberty and justice. Her skills as a writer, political advocate, and abolitionist speaker, influenced the equality movement that affected all Americans during her time. In 1852, Harper moved to Philadelphia in the midst of political turmoil that eventually led to the Civil War. Philadelphia, the former capital and founding place of the United States, proved to be a fertile place for cultural and political activities. Remaining there until her death in 1911, Harper was able to experience and comment on the constantly changing status of African Americans throughout the nineteenth century.