Analysis Of Gender Trouble By Judith Butler

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Judith Butler’s Gender Trouble (1990) and Bodies that Matter (1993) works are fundamental texts of study for this thesis. Both works are deeply influenced specially by French structuralism and post-structuralism schools of thought. In Gender Trouble, Butler deconstructs the established, normative, Western construction of the Gay/Straight and hetero/homosexual binaries to discuss the lack of perspective regarding the heterogeneity of sexual identity and diversity as it is present in twentieth century society. Her arguments focus not only on the production of binaries and their rigidity from a sociological standpoint, but also on how the use of these binary structures can affect us in processes of sexual identity construction because of interpretations and constraints coming from various fields such as: the economic, the philosophical, the medical and the psychological and the use of language.
Butler focuses repeatedly on the production of language. She analyses discourse using speech act theories and psychoanalysis. One of her most influential arguments originates from post-structuralist French philosopher Jacques Derrida on the use of language and iteration (repetition). Butler’ constructs her analysis on Derrida’s Iterability providing one of the most influential, controversial and complex concepts to understand the process of identity as a constructed one: performativity. This repetition is produced on the body as well as on the soul and it is influenced by gender bias,
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