Traditionally, American foreign policy always set up in realist belief through its associated with the cold-hearted pursuit on national interest, rather than emphasis on human rights or international law. These arguments create fundamental stances of foreign policy which is recognized the need to unite development into a single agency responsible for administering aid to foreign countries to promote social and economic development often being dispute by Americans. Obama has criticized the realistic way of foreign aid policy act within America foreign policy in dividing the military efforts in national security and diplomatic and foreign assistance efforts. Stated that the needs to conjoined those aspects together, Obama seek foreign assistance as a tool in national security tool in making some strategic investment within countries that use U.S helped. The foreign aid proposes by Obama argue that to not have to deploy military as often, U.S would be in a better position to work with other countries to stand down violent extremism.
The nation would be more capable of deciding what was best for the other underdeveloped countries in the surrounding region. The diplomacy was based upon the American belief that American ideals were the way of the future for the world; what was good for the US must as well be good for the countries of Latin America. The Hispanic newspaper Regeneración of April 13, 1912, quoted Robert M. La Follette's criticism of the diplomacy. He regarded the diplomacy as an outpost, intervening the nations in Central and South America by imposing the US's method and supervision. The diplomacy often resorted to military power as a solution to the internal conflicts within the region.
How Pakistan can use this region as hub to strenthen its ties with China? Q. How important role Gilgit Baltistan would play in the ongoing new great game? Objective of the Research Given its centrality of location Gilgit Baltistan acquires the strategic importance that demands considerable analysis, more importantly because it sits at the intersections of regional crossroad, due to the centrality of this region and competing interests of emerging regional and world economies in the region, this region would be source of bone of contention between the emerging powers. The research argues that Gilgit Baltistan is actually
Liberalism, along with realism, is one of the main schools of thought in international relations.According to liberals, international relations is not only controlled by the relationship between states but also includes and emphasises the role of other actors. During WWI and WWII the main academic competitor to the Realist paradigm was idealism., They looked into numerous beliefs of realism and recommended possible ideologies to alter the world pursuing supremacy and conflict into a unique one in which peace and cooperation amongst states might conquer. The faith that liberals have is that substantial universal cooperation is possible and power politics can be moved at the core of the realist paradigm. (Lawrence 1913, 3-5)
This paper will use PESTEL analysis to analyze various factor involving this decision. A PESTEL analysis can assist in identifying the external forces faced by Haier. PESTEL is the abbreviation of Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Environmental and Legal (Oxford College of Marketing, 2016). A complete understanding about the political factors attached with any decision play an essential role. From a political viewpoint, Haier’s decision to expand its production in the U.S demands to understand the composition of society and differences from China.
China introduced the concept “peaceful rise” to serve as a theoretical framework within which to look at its rise within the international system by advocating and advancing the principles of multilateralism, economic diplomacy and good neighbourliness. The concept came about as a result of the “China Threat Theory” which was embedded in the logic of traditional realist Western IR theories and arguing that China could not conceivably rise peacefully, as China’s immense latent power and rapid economic growth, it will eventually translate into military power which coupled with global influence, will make China emerge as an inevitable preeminent peer competitor of the United States, threatening both its national interests and hegemonic status within the international system.
In the Asian region, one country is starting to measure up to the power of the United States, this is China. In order to curb this threat, the Obama Administration starts to develop a foreign policy that will secure its authority – the U.S. Pivot to Asia. The main goal of this foreign policy is to strengthen the presence of the United States in the Asia-Pacific region whether through diplomatic and economic ties or the installation of military personnel in some countries within the area. The foremost priority of the United States is to strengthen the alliance among the countries within the Asia-Pacific to provide a strong foundation for its security (Campbell & Andrews, 2013). Many countries in Asia are either developed or developing such as Singapore, Japan, South Korea, Thailand, and Philippines among others.
(Burton, 103, Social Darwinism) After being aware of this, Theodore Roosevelt’s plan was to make America the stronger country and gain power by taking other nations. Theodore Roosevelt is a patriotic American icon to many people today because of his acts of bravery and toughness. (Burton, 357) In the olden days (maybe until today), a huge country with dominance over other countries is the ideal country for Americans. “Theodore Roosevelt was a nationalistic patriot and imperialist in his very bones” (Burton, 357). This was one of the reasons Theodore Roosevelt wanted to build a bigger America, due to his “Pride of the Nation”.
Realist school of thought considers states-nations as the main actors in international relations and their main concern is the study of power. Morgenthau laid emphasis on the importance of “the national interest” .In his book Politics among nations he wrote "the main signpost that helps political realism to find its way through the landscape of international politics is the concept of interest defined in terms of power”. Morgan thou is considered as a classical realist whereas Kenneth Waltz is a Neo realist. • REALISM AND POLITICS AMONG NATIONS (1948): Morgenthau’s intellectual trajectory was more complicated than it was thought and was shown by scholarly assessments. His realism explained moral considerations and he favored supranational control of nuclear weapons in last part of his life .He opposed the U.S. role in the Vietnam War.
But Duncan Ivison observes: “I take it that one of the great projects of twenty-first-century political thought is to develop new models of transnational and global political order that can provide not only effective security and welfare provision for citizens, but that can also become the object of people’s reasoned loyalty; to construct, in other words, new forms of transnational democracy.” At one level, this is of course an enormously ambitious vision, and I am by no means arguing that freedom of international movement must wait until transnational democratic institutions are established. As I hope we have seen, there are good moral reasons to move toward greater freedom of international movement, and few good reasons to resist it. What we should notice is actually how little is involved in changing the nature of borders. The fact is that the vast majority of political boundaries in the world do not entail a right of exclusion. We tend to think of boundaries around political communities in terms of national borders, but most political boundaries are not like that at all.