Toni Morrison’s novels reflect her desire to draw on the people, places, language, values, cultural tradition, and politics that have shaped her own life and that of African-American people. In doing so, she offers no solutions to problems, nor does she simplify the complex realities of the past or the present. Love is a major theme that runs through all her novels. She examines the effect of the presence or absence of love and also of love as a liberating and nurturing force. The Violence in her fiction is seen by her as a distortion of love that is not expressed.
Therefore it could be said they are “doubly oppressed.” For centuries they have been suffering mutely. It does not mean that they were immune to the pain they have been inflicted. On the contrary, the fact is that they wished to resist but they were not empowered to do so.Some Dalit writers dare to raise their voices to the bitterand painful experience of those who belong to acommunity of downtrodden. Bama expresses the common experiences of exploitation of her own paraiya community in her works of fiction and especially the text Sangati deals with the vulnerable condition of dalit women. The present research article is an attempt to discuss the abject misery of dalit women and the inhumanity of upper caste on them depicted in the novel of Bama’sSangati Key words: Dalit, Women, Sufferings, pain, community,condition,Oppression.
The movement from the outward gross realities to inward complexities found as its mouth piece a number of women novelists who by the peculiar situation of their existence have been able to see the Indian complexities from close quarters, where constraints of varied hues and shades work upon the sensitive individual. Of these women novelists, Anita Desai happens to be the leading voice. She has fascinating stories to tell about individuals who have to traverse a ground too tricky and treacherous to handle smoothly. Anita Desai has become a recorder of the dilemma faced by an individual in the Indian urban set-up. She gets interested in analysis and portrayal of human relationship.
4.1 Introduction: This chapter discusses Eavan Boland's poetry that focuses on the central experiences of ordinary women. Presenting such activities as motherhood and domestic life as vital elements of the Irish nation and civilization in general, she challenges the opinion that such topics are mundane or inappropriate for literature. Many of her poems express a sense of anger and imprisonment associated with the constricted or unrealistic expectations placed upon women by Irish society. "Poetry was always a man's preserve in Ireland. Then came Eavan Boland, who shook the hidebound patriarchy to its roots and changed the canon forever."
The poems in this anthology covers a wide range of subjects like challenges faced by women, transgenders, children and issues of war and peace, philosophical thoughts, social issues, etc. The research aims to bring out the culture of people as portrayed by the poet through this anthology. C. Rajagopalachari in the book Our Culture, explains culture as a social virtue, external activities and behaviour. He further states that self-restraint as an essential quality to become a cultured person. The research article highlights the above mentioned qualities as portrayed in his poems and also conveys the poet’s ideals as presented in the anthology.
Poetry is an English unit that improves literature knowledge, writing, and reading. Poetry, although at times challenging, can be an enjoyable way to express yourself by breaking grammar rules, adding aesthetic elements, or by using it as a strong outlet for emotion. Through the years, poets like Maya Angelou, Emily Dickinson, and Adrienne Rich, have listened to others speak their minds and from those words and own feelings of bravery, pen their poems. As Maya Angelou said, “The idea is to write it so that people hear it, and it sides through the brain and goes straight to the heart.” In my belief, poetry is essential. It teaches you about past important figures, types of metaphors, commas, dashes, and more.
D. Snodgrass. Confessional poetry is a division of contemporary poetry. Vividly self-revelatory verses, confessional poetry are expressions of personality and never an escape from it. Confessional poetry thus translates autobiographical facts as there is overtone of struggle, improvisation and resistance. Many Indian women poets too have written their poetry in confessional mode revealing their personal experiences of their shattered life.
This sounds inexplicable suggesting a sort of “male social cohesion”. Feminist consciousness has certainly given an ardour and excitement to literary studies. A reasonably new perception of women in literature and the works by women writers have unveiled some of the prejudices at work in their traditional approaches to literature hitherto dominated by masculine perspective. A woman’s experiences of life as a member of a gender biased society formulate her psyche. Moreover, she is bound by certain other factors such as her individual circumstances, societies expectations related to age, creed, class, race, etc.
Confessional mode of writing helps a female poet in the expression of her suppressed self and to regain her lost identity. As a confessional poet, Das exposes herself in some way or other in almost every poem that is why her poems often appear autobiographical. In the words of N V Raveendran, “The poetic experience in general is rooted in the individual poet’s personal background as well as the regional and social factors.”(Raveendran 2000 p. 28) The Aim of this research paper is to study the Confessional moods in the poetry Kamala Das. Keywords: Betrayal, Confessional, Love, Pain, Suffering. Confessional poetry representing the poets own circumstances experience and feelings, Kamala Das extends her poetry as a challenge against the
In this respect, one of the major tools they refer to is no doubt language. In this respect, language and discourse are very important ideological tools. Aware of this fact, the issue of sexism in language and how sexist discourse reflects the patriarchy and male-domination become some of the major concerns of feminist writers and translators. Especially French Feminism has paid great deal of attention to language and how it shapes our thoughts as well as understanding and various strategies have been developed. As of 1970s, shifting styles, forms, and narrator’s voices, puns, neologisms and unusual syntax have been integral parts of feminist writing in France.