In Othello by William Shakespeare, Iago deceives others, mainly Othello and Roderigo, due to his desire for revenge, an improved reputation, and power. Throughout the play, Iago uses his desire for revenge to deceive others, like Othello. Iago’s desire for revenge shows when he states, “For “Certes,” says he, / “I have already chose my officer.”/ And what was he?/ Forsooth, a great arithmetician, / One Michael Cassio, a Florentine” (1.1.17-21). Othello’s choice reveals Iago’s jealousy of Cassio earning the position which fuels Iago’s desire for revenge on not only Othello, but also on Cassio. Another time Iago deceives someone to build up his plan is when he tells Roderigo, “When she is sated with his/ body she will find the errors of
Thesis: Iago, from Shakespeare's Othello, is one of the most memorable villains in all of literature. Iago deceives, steals, and kills to get everything that he wants. The play is centered on Iago's dislike for Othello, however, it is not that Iago pushes aside his conscience to commit these acts, but that he lacks a conscience to begin with. Iago's amorality can be seen throughout the play and is demonstrated by his actions against not only Othello, but Desmona and Emilia. Iago is able to manipulate the other characters of the play because he is a villain who doesn't understand the morals of society.
Iago’s powerfully disruptive insinuations torment Othello to fall precipitously into his intricate trap, believing in the prospect of Cassio and Desdemona’s fictitious affair. Through the use of linguistic techniques such as elliptical speech, subservient vocative choices and a hesitant tone, Iago is able to construct artful innuendoes to deceive and manipulate Othello. Supplementary to linguistic techniques, dramatic techniques such as dramatic irony reinforces Iago’s role as a two-faced villain, who is making a pretence of being Othello’s loyal ensign. Eventually, Iago’s villainy nature sows a seed of doubt in Othello that germinates into the murder of Desdemona. Through the characterisation of Iago as a notorious villain, Shakespeare is able to hold Iago’s actions accountable for the play’s tragic downfall, establishing a sense of powerlessness amongst the
Iago had a great deal of influence in shaping Othello’s identity. He could almost be considered the main character simply due to the amount of lines he has. Iago “employs his comic verve to try to destroy his virtuous antagonist and whose colloquial intimacy with the audience often half-succeeds in winning the audience over” (Greenblatt 427). Although, Iago’s devious actions transform his character into a villain his style of speaking help spectators and readers to easily identify with him. Iago provides the first description of Othello before the protagonist is even seen.
Moreover, Othello’s actions are based on seemingly physical evidence, giving him good reason to act as he does. Indeed, Othello has no reason to distrust Iago, his loyal ensign. Throughout the play, the majority of the characters are deceived by Iago, believing him to be honest and trustworthy. Whilst speaking with Emilia, Desdemona refers to Iago as “an honest fellow” (Shakespeare, 3.3.5). Similarly, after Cassio hears Iago’s advice to seek out Othello and beg for forgiveness, he bids a “good night [to] honest Iago” (Shakespeare, 2.3.313), who is none other than the man that diminishes his reputation and causes him to lose his title.
The differences of these quotes are that in one point of the story he was still cool, calm, and collected, but at the end of the play he is talking like a deranged murderer shows that iago had a large effect on his mental status and his plan had worked which was to basically ruin othello's life. The way that Iago manipulated the situation is quite genius, he was able to use things like the handkerchief and mention it to othello by saying. “Her honor is an essence that’s not seen,They have it very oft that have it not.But for the handkerchief” By saying it this way he made it sound like desdemona and cassio would have gotten away with their affair and their undeserved reputations would not be tarnished if it wasn't for the handkerchief, this is the deciding factor in iago's plan because the handkerchief is the symbol of love and loyalty in othello's marriage and to “have given it to her lover” would destroy othello's trust and willingness to listen to reason so he did something crazy and that was to kill her. So he did and in the end othello killed desdemona and then himself, and while he is killing himself emelia figures it all out and iago kills her as well so in the end iago is the one who is really the sole factor in all of this, if it wasn't for him wanting his revenge none of this would have happened and 3 people would not be dead. On top of all the evils he had done to othello iago also manipulated Roderigo from the beginning of the play to the end.
These themes are love, jealousy, revenge, race, reality, and appearance. Iago plays an important role in the play which made a lot of critics interpret his role differently. A.C. Bradley and F.R. Leavis are two critics who have been debating over the two characters, Othello and Iago, and both of them have a different analysis on these two characters. Othello is the protagonist and the tragic hero of this tragedy play.
In William Shakespeare's tragedy, Othello, Shakespeare uses the adjective “honest” several times throughout the tragedy to create a sense of irony using the antagonist, Iago, who is constantly dishonest and deceitful to everyone despite claiming he is of honest reputation. Iago is perceived as a very honest man whom Othello, the protagonist, trusts. However, it can be repeatedly seen by the audience that Iago is not honest or trustworthy at all. He lies to create issues for Othello out of jealousy and revenge, yet continues to conceal his true nature through boasting that he is honest and playing victim. An example of how Shakespeare uses the word “honest” with irony is when Othello referred to Iago as “Honest Iago”(1.3.290) or when Othello claims “Iago is most honest”(2.3.17).
In Shakespeare's play, Othello, the cynical story underlines the depth of jealousy and resentment through the use of many characters. The play is set in Venice and Cyprus during the sixteenth century and commences with the paranoiac character of Iago, betraying Othello thus making him victim of harsh lies and rumours. His fair Desdemona portrays her love unconditionally, although due to Othello’s credulous nature and Iago’s conniving ways, she is held accountable for false pretences. Desdemona is blamed for having an affair with Cassio, which causes hers and Othello’s tragic deaths. Through the eponymous character and many secondary characters, including the manipulative Iago, Shakespeare portrays the “green-eyed monster” of jealousy and its harmful consequences.
Iago, a white man, went against and betrayed his leader, Othello, essentially giving “The Moor” the power in the story. In conclusion, Shakespeare, by means of developing the plot of Othello and making everything tragically fall together in the end, makes a point that a person's’ pigmentation and predetermined racial stereotypes are by no means an accurate indication of what lies beneath the skin: the true theme of Shakespeare’s