Arabesque in Islamic Art FDN 132 Layla Hussain (2174) Archana Raj (2200) Section 1 22nd February, 2015 INTRODUCTION Visual arts produced from the 7th century by people who lived in regions that was inhabited by the Islamic population is known as Islamic Art. Islamic art covers many domains for over 1,400 years. It does not belong to a specific religion, place, time or a single medium like painting. Thus, creating the difficulty to give a specific definition for the term. ARABESQUE Elements such as geometrical floral or vegetal designs keep repeating in Islamic art.
It has a rectangular prayer hall and next to it a porticoed courtyard, which opens to the main entrance and a square minaret. The prayer chamber is protected by aisles and has a dome on top as a roof. A dome, or qubba, is one of the many significant features of most mosques because it signifies the roof of heaven. The outside facades of the Island Mosque is different on two sides. The facades facing the mainland are mostly closed with not many openings, while the side facing the sea (as mentioned before) has many openings.
In examining both of their scholarly arguments, I believe that there is no patriarchy found in the religion and men and women are BOTH required to live a pious life dedicated to Islamic principals in their respective manners. Women have just as much responsibility as men. I believe the counter argument arises from the cultural aspect and not so much from the Quran itself. The Quran and Hadith differ in the sense that the Quran is the word of God and the Hadith is narratives of Prophet Muhammad and a guidance for Muslims. The Hadith allows for contradictions in the Quran but it cannot be taken as the word of God and the principals must coexist with the Quran.
In the second part, I argued that Islam (the Qur’an and Sunnah) is not oppressive to women. Rather, their patriarchal traditional interpretations are oppressive, which were interpreted in terms of men 's vision and desire. These interpretations tended to endorse gender inequality and discrimination against women. Hence, re-interpretive approaches of the religious text from a female perspective are needed for conceptualizing and establishing new guidelines for traditional Islam. Therefore, I have advocated modern re-interpretive approach from females’ perspective, through engaging in ijthad, in order to challenge traditional interpretations of Islamic principles.
Geometric and vegetative motifs are widespread all the way through the lands where Islam was once or still is a dominant religion with its cultural force. Islamic art is seen appearing in the private palaces and buildings such as the Alhambra in Spain in addition to the detailed metal work of Safavid Iran. Similarly, certain building architecture appears throughout the Muslim world: masjids with their minarets, mausoleums, gardens and religious schools (madrasas) all shares mutuality, though, their forms fluctuate
Islamic art includes the visual arts, which was created in the 7th century to this point ahead; by people who lived in lands that were occupied by or ruled by traditionally Islamic populations. Therefore, it is very hard to describe visual arts because it covers countless fields and assorted inhabitants from above 1400 years ago. Islamic art is not exactly an art of a specific religion or time or a place. Islamic architecture is a huge field, which is subjected to a different article, departing fields, as varied as calligraphy, painting, glass, ceramics, and textile. Islamic fine art is not all limited to religious fine art; however, it includes all the art of wealthy and diverse sophistications of Islamic areas.
Islamic arts was created nearby the 615 the 7th century. In the 7th century it was considered religious art and even today it is.Some people today day see Islamic art as decoration , religious art , or just even art.To all this theirs no correct answer because everyone thinks different. However personally I think is a religious thing that has a lot of respect. Islamic art has been innovating to architectures they use them in buildings / walls. For example .
The history of Islamic architecture gives great features to the rich Islamic heritage through the Muqarnas, which formed the interior spaces with their intricate and brilliant architectural decoration. The muqarnas play a central and central role in architectural aesthetics, an element of architecture and decoration. The engineering and decorative analysis of Islamic art raises new interest in the new systems of parametric modeling, as well as opening new horizons in the formation and modeling of muqarnas. The muqarnas combine elements and harmonious blocks, mathematical design, perform a specific architectural function, and decorative role aesthetic beyond all limits. The research seeks to link the originality of the past and modernity of
Instead, the building appears weightless, like a miracle hovering on earth. When you look at it, the structure appears to be floating, a trick of Islamic architecture, which uses intricately painted clay tiles. The tiles constantly need to be replaced — two square feet every day — from exposure to the natural elements and because the corners of certain tiles are often stolen by pilgrims as religious mementos. There are countless thousands of individual tiles, most about the size of a hand, and each composing a piece of a larger mosaic pattern. The larger patterns themselves vary from one part of the mosque 's exterior to another, turning the whole into a swirling, abstract, and almost otherworldly