Death and the Maiden, a play by Chilean dramatist Ariel Dorfman is built around an unsolved mystery. This essay will explore the nature of hysteria and its place and purpose in the play, and how Dorfman uses it to drive the plot forward as well as bring out the salient themes of the play. Hysteria also serves as an abstraction for describing the general atmosphere of the country the play is set in, a country that bears similarity to Chile, given that it had just gone through a revolution and a change in regime from a fascist dictatorship to a democracy. Each of the three main characters represents a distinct group of citizens in such a country : victims, perpetrators and the administrators of justice. By placing all three characters together in a claustrophobic setting, Dorfman is able to incite the dramatic conflict and through this conflict the central themes of truth, justice, freedom and doubt arise, all of which play a crucial role in adding to the overall impact of the play.
For example, his stories usually contain some form of a dictator who is a harsh ruler that takes advantage of his or her power. Marquez’s uses his stories as a literary expression of the outsized reality of Latin American life through political violence. “One of These Days” is a short story that Marquez wrote during his writing days. In this plot, the reality of the how
A dictatorship thrives on oppression that triggers effects impacting the life of the citizens; on the other side, a democracy conveys freedom that shows equality. Both experiences vary from person to person, but if the regime caused terrible traumas, it would be unforgettable to anyone. That being the case, Ariel Dorfman wrote the play Death and the Maiden in order to reveal the Chilean situation in 1990 after Pinochet’s government. Revenge, freedom, justice, injustice, forgiveness, and torture are the main themes represented by the play. Gerardo, who is a lawyer that works in a committee that investigates the crimes of the old regime; Paulina, his wife, who was raped and tortured; and Roberto Miranda, the one that according to Paulina, was responsible of her suffering.
Language as a form of mind control in 1984 and Brave New World Although one 's idea of Utopianism is unique to one’s beliefs, the genre of Utopian and Dystopian fiction is commonly tackled in novels, from which the authors convey the idea of a depraved society through detailing inhumane characteristics which would be seen unacceptable to any world citizen. In Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, and 1984 by George Orwell authors create tyrannical governments responsible for a set of callous actions such as the eradication of freedom of speech and ideological control over their population’s mentality. These wrongdoings are achieved through the application of methods that obligate people to act as machines, such as the ad campaigns in Brave New World and the implementation of the Newspeak dictionary in 1984. As Orwell creates the ministry of truth as a means to demonstrate the lack of ideological freedom in oceania, Huxley discusses the concept of World Controllers and the use of SOMA as examples of the alienated society of Brave New World. Winston Smith is the protagonist of Orwell’s dystopian novel and represents a non-activist oppressed citizen of Oceania who is unable to conform with the government’s inequitable principles.
“Throughout time, literature has been used as an instrument to revolt against social and political issues” This quote explains how literature has been used through out all these years and how it used violent action against an established government issues. A successful totalitarian government is when they have total control and access of the citizens and their social and personal life. Freedom is non existing if ruled under a totalitarian government. They rule through fear and only target on a specific religion and belief. The famous graphic novel written by Alan Moore and illustrated by David Lloyd, V for Vendetta.
It is not just to the story and the characters, it is even the disjointed narrative style which encourages the principles Anti-nationalism. Before the story, it is important to know some of the context that went into writing this story. The story’s two prefaces depicts the harsh environment Dorfman grew up in the nationalistic military state of Chile. Dorfman fled from Chile when his life in danger for holding liberal views against a rising military power responsible for the disappearance of thousands of Chileans. Dorfman Wanted to write about the injustices that were occurring in his birthplace and wanted to exposed this injustice to not only Chile, but the world.
The novels Brave New World by Aldous Huxley and Nineteen Eighty Four by Gorge Orwell are very famous dystopian novels which have been written in the mid of twentieth century. The fear of technology development and human 's freedom leads the governments in both novels to establish a fake stable society in order to create a perfect new world. This paper will discuss both novels focusing especially on only three main themes which are dictatorship, Soma versus Victory Gin, and the freedom of two societies. From these three aspects, the current paper will discuss the impact of each aspect in the society at that time and also in our present time. Key words: state, fiction, utopia, dystopia, Orwell, Huxley.
In his book, Remembering Pinochet’s Chile, Steve J. Stern argues that the Chilean memory of Pinochet’s dictatorship is like this idea of a “giant, collectively built memory box” (xxiix). This memory box attempts to “give meaning to, and find legitimacy within, a devastating community experience” (xxix). This theory tries to explain what happened during the dictatorship and acknowledges that there is a “great collective trauma” that must be recognized (Stern xxviii). In order to recognize this trauma, Stern introduces this idea of “memory knots” groups of people who brought attention to this traumatic past and the importance of remembrance. An example of these “memory knots” are authors
Internal Assignment Literary Text: 1984 Text type: Letter Title: Goodbye my lover, my friend, my everything. Rationale 1984 represents a dystopian novel as well as George Orwell 's attempt to warn people about the submissive society in which they could turn into by letting authorities take control over them. Considering the literarian value of this text, it is worthy to analyze it profoundly focusing on the controversial topic of social relationships; particularly in love manifestation as it was strictly forb Writing a letter based on this book approaching to its fifth chapter from the second part aims to emphasize the drastical changes that the pridden in the hypothetical world of the author. otagonist, Winston Smith, suffered throughout
Whenever Rizal’s name is brought up, the two books Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo are always hung on it. These are two books that Rizal originally penned was not just a novel but a form of commentary towards society and politics. His work intended to wake Filipinos in deep slumber while Spaniards rule over them. This means igniting their sense of national identity by exposing the dirts and malices of Spanish authorities. Throughout his writing he also revealed the social cancer that eats away the tissues of Philippine society, namely: corruption by many friars and officials who used religion to acquire power, also hypocrisy of the friars, the ignorance of the people of their own religion and due to lack of education, the indolences, pretentiousness of Indios and cowardice two voice out and fight against their tyrants.