Hans Morgenthau formulates the basic principles of political realism. Initially, the author justifies the idea that the basis of international politics are the laws of political behavior, the roots of which should be sought in human nature. He tried to substantiate the idea that the power is associated with the immutability of human nature and it is the basis of the state’s behavior on the world stage. He believes that the world is imperfect. To create a rationally justified political order, it is necessary to take into account the imperfect nature of man.
The book offers a valuable insight into the psychology of a personality and the processes that are connected with the functioning of person 's preferences. However, some critics believed that this book does not have the necessary basis and the necessary proofs to support the author 's ideas. The first point by such considerations is the lacking formal qualification of Isabel Briggs Myers in the field of psychology. Thus, this book is viewed in many cases as the one which would never be accepted by psychological establishments and recognized within the scientific world. The supporters of this approach argue if the author has correctly understood and interpreted the principles of Jung 's theory regarding the personality nature.
There is no clearly outlined thesis to indicate his stance and the points which he will be using to validate his position. It is clear that Vasciannie valorizes peoples’ safety and that may be the reason why it is hard to deduce the position he is taking. Upon analyzing the article there are a few elements which contribute to both the effectiveness and ineffectiveness of the argument such as, the writer’s organizational skills, his dictions, and the
Jean-Jacques Rousseau(1712 - 1778) , he was a strong advocate of naturalism, writer, musician and Swiss philosopher.Together with Voltaire and Montesquieu, he is among the great thinkers of the Enlightenment in France. However, the work of Jean Jacques Rousseau presents divergent points, as the concept of progress, and generally more advanced: his political and social ideas heralded the French Revolution, his literary sensibility anticipated the romanticism and of the new concepts that he introduced in the field of education, he is considered the father of modern pedagogy. The social contract of Jean-Jacques Rousseau is a treatise on political rights, which intends to deal with the difficult problem of maintaining freedom in a society that is both justice and human: "Man is born free and, however, he is living chained in all parts .. The Declaration of the Rights of Man also find himself in his ideas one of his sources of inspiration. According to Rousseau, the principle that guarantees this social transformation
It will not be an unabated freedom like that of the state of nature, but it will be a civil liberty, a moral freedom. Hence, Rousseau made a very provoking claim in Book 1 chapter 7 of The Social Contract, where he says that a citizen who does not obey the general will must be forced to do so. He writes such a citizen must “forced to be free”.
It means, there is no standard explanation of the truth. In his opinion, Rene Descartes' theory of dualism brings about the separation of the body (matter) and the mind, but in a typical situation, a reasonable person will disagree. Furthermore, scientists could have conducted adequate research to affirm the claim, but no one who has focused on that. Finally, the aspect of John Locke where he connects individual’s memory with experience bears some truth, but he could have argued that part (but not all) of people’s minds are as a result of past
Three “schools of thought” were born to figure out this balance. Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism. Although, each are different in their beliefs, they each had the common goal of wanting to achieve harmony in their society and the universe. The great philosopher Confucius believed in more of a philosophical approach to understanding one’s purpose in the universe and the philosophy of Confucianism was born. He didn’t think focusing on the metaphysical questions of the existence of Heaven and Hell were important, but that there was a rational way to view and operate in this world.
The approval and implementation of the first constitution in 1638 represents an excellent example of the process that led to the formation of modern nations which rely on precise standards of behavior and fundamental, non-negotiable principles. However, in spite of the numerous benefits brought about by the introduction of liberal constitutionalism across the Western world, Zakaria argues that America’s civil society is being damaged by its very democratic nature, to the extent that he calls for a review of the democratic principles around which modern America was shaped in order to restore its previous balance between liberty and democracy. For example, the author observes that the reason why the American people no longer respect the U.S. Congress is because it has become too democratic and, therefore, dysfunctional. A Brief History of Human
(Hobbes, 1985, p.185) For classical realists, the characteristics of human nature were put into practice in international politics where every state is functions to garner safety and as there is no power to keep states moral, they indulge in competition which often results in “war of all against all”. (Hobbes, 1985, p.185b) This realist thinking was given perspective in a much more formalized manner by Morgenthau (2006) who outlined six principles of political realism by stating that realism held its foundations in human nature, thus further cementing Hobbes
However, there is not sufficient reason to contract in Rousseau 's theory. Therefore, I can not support completely anyone, but I 'm standing closer to Rousseau 's perspective. Because Hobbes ' reasonings have a harmony but his theories about natural life is not as logical as Rousseau 's. Rousseau explained conditions between people and characteristics effectively. The human being is argued first how their situation when are they born by both of philosophers.