Analysis Of John Bowlby's Attachment Theory

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John Bowlby was born in 1907 (London), and later died in 1990. He was educated at the University of Cambridge in 1928, where he studied developmental psychology. He was a well known psychologist known for his work on the attachment theory. Which focused on the early attachment babies and children create with their main caregiver, most commonly the mother figure. It was claimed by Bowlby that: “healthy mental development depended on the attachment bond being successfully made.” (Hamilton/Jenson, 2014). All Bowlby’s evidence came from his own research work as well as work on other children and animals. Studies such as “The Juvenile Thieves Study” have been used to prove Bowlby’s theory, but other studies such as Schaffer and Emerson’s Attachment experiment contradict what Bowlby believes. The Maternal Deprivation Theory which was first looked at by John Bowlby - before he concluded his Attachment Theory, looks at the idea of what happens when the child does not have an attachment with its mothers or main caregiver over a period of time. Whether that be a short or long period. Maternal Deprivation occurs when an attachment is ‘broken’. He also believes that the attachment figure does not have to be the mother of the child. It is known that Bowlby was in fact brought up by his nurse maid, Minnie and his Nanny, Nanny Friend. This is perhaps why he believes it doesn’t have to be the mother who gives the child love and affection in their early years. John Bowlby feels that the

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