Analysis Of Kohlberg's Theory Of Moral Development

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Kohlberg’s theory of moral development has motivated researchers to debate and criticise the theory based on its lack of explaining the roles of culture and family in moral development (Santrock, 2015). These criticisms form arguments against Kohlberg’s claim that his theory is applicable universally applicable to all children of all diversities (Matlala, 2011).
Kohlberg, as cited in Santrock (2015), does not ascertain the difference between moral reasoning and moral behaviour. Yet, critics have stated that there is a difference. If someone’s reasoning or thinking is moral, it does not necessarily mean that their actions reflect that thought process (Santrock, 2015). For example, what people say might fit into one of Kohlberg’s stages, but
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Researchers have taken both sides of this argument and found that both Kohlberg’s emphasis and critics claims are partially correct. Tests have shown that most cultures develop morally in similar ways until about stage 4 and then the development from there varies greatly (Santrock, 2003).
According to Kohlberg, as cited in Santrcock (2015), parent-child relationships have little influence on the child’s moral development and that peer relationships are more important. Many critics have agreed with Kohlberg in the sense that peer relationships form an important part of a child’s development, but they maintain that parent-child relationships have an even bigger influence. They state that parental morals and values are taken in by the child and have an influence on their development of moral reasoning (Santrock,
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According to Pekarsky (1998), the importance of the role of culture in moral development refers to a state in which an individual requires values, attitudes, norms and skills. It is seen as character that strengthens them to be morally mature. Thus, as cited in Pekarsky (1998), culture is important when referring to moral experiences and moral development. Participant A is from a specific cultural background as she said she was from a to Tswana family, just as her religion plays a role in her moral development and reasoning, her cultural values and rules will also play a

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