Conflict, differences, and disagreement are what drive the learning process. In the process of learning one is called upon to move back and forth between opposing modes of reflection and action and feeling and thinking. 4) Learning is a holistic process of adaptation. It is not just the result of cognition but involves the integrated functioning of the total person – thinking, feeling, perceiving and behaving. It encompasses other specialized models of adaptation from the scientific method to problems solving, decision making and creativity.
- Kolb and Kolb (2005) describe experiential learning as a procedure of developing knowledge from an innovative pressure among the four learning models that is approachable to logical requests. This procedure is depicted as an idealized learning cycle where the learner encounters every one of the four modes – experiencing (concrete experience), reflecting (reflective observation), thinking (abstract conceptualization), and acting (active experimentation) - in a repeating process that is approachable to the learning circumstances and to what is constantly learned. The experiential learning theory suggests that the learning cycle shifts as indicated by people 's learning style and the learning setting in which they are
3.1) Theories of Behaviour Management Behaviour management is a tool, a system, generates learning environment to encourage positive behaviour and minimise the opportunity for negative conduct to occur. It is like modifying and change learner's action in a positive manner where the primary focus lies on maintaining order. Many theorists presented their views in their research work on the understanding of the nature of the behaviour BILL ROGER is an education consultant and author present his work on behaviour management, discipline, effective teaching, and stress management etc. and also lectures widely covers the topic to both the learner and the teacher for the challenges facing in leadership in educational premises. Bill Roger recommended
The subjective hypothesis primarily stresses the significant undertakings of the instructor/creator and incorporates examining that different learning encounters to the learning circumstance which can affect learning results of various people. Sorting out and organizing the new data to associate the learners already gained information capacities and encounters. The new data is viably and proficiently acclimatized/obliged with in the learners intellectual structure ( stepich and Newby, 1988
A further phase of learning is through feedback. A process of learning can change learner’s perception or judgment for something. Experiential learning is widely applied in schools, higher education systems for example in business education, medical universities etc. Kolb transposes four learning styles. An individual’s dominant learning style could be known by Kolb’s Learning Style Inventory (LSI).
Discuss the development of learning theories from behaviorism to humanism. Choose one of the learning theories that you are drawn to and discuss the reasons for you choice. Introduction Learning theory is the process of how is the information been engaged, practice and grow during learning. Learning is defined as the alteration in behavior, in other words, learning is approached as an outcome from the end of some process of the product. Educators who hold the cognitive theory accept as true that the definition is a change of behavior is too constricted.
Experiential Learning Theory (ELT) pertains to the learning process by which people undergo. This theory focuses on how people learn, grow and develop. In addition, it gives emphasize on the importance of experience in learning process. According to Kolb D. A. (1984) cited by Kolb A. Y. and Kolb D. A.
Reflection can been described as a process of turning experience into learning, that is, it is a way of exploring experience in order to learn new things from it. Accrding to Boud, eogh, and Walker (1985:19) define reflection as “those intellectual and affective activities in which are engaged in by individuals to explore their experiences in order to lead to new understandings and appreciations”. Reflection often involves taking the unprocessed, raw material of one’s experience and engaging with it Inorder to derive sense from what has occurred. It often involves exploring messy and confused events and focusing on the thoughts and emotions that accompany them. Reflection can be undertaken as an informal personal activity either for its own sake or as a part of a structured course.
Boeree (2006) and Cobb (2007) posit that through observing others, one forms an idea of how new behaviours are performed and later this coded information serves as a guide for action. The premise of Bandura’s learning theory are observational learning and modelling which constitutes four element processes including: attention whereby the learner pay attention to the modelled behaviour; retention whereby the learner or observer must be able to retain part or all of what was done; motivation/reinforcement whereby the observer must have the motivation or desire to carry the action modelled behaviour; and motor reproduction whereby the observer must have motor skills and hence be able to reproduce