Cabeza de Vaca always took what was best for his men into consideration before he made a decision. He always thought about his choices and he is a good leader for that reason. Although, he made some bad decisions like sending one of his men to scout out the island alone his intentions were good. In the end this decision led to the colonist meeting the Native Americans, who help the colonist survive. Cabeza de Vaca’s good choices often outweighed the bad ones. When traveling across the ocean he decided to ration their food to ensure they would not run out and that everyone would survive. He even would eat less to conserve more food. He also persuaded his men to trust the Native Americans when they were near death. His
In the fifteenth century, Spain had the indication of traveling to the New World, which consisted of present-day South America along into parts of North America. The noted explorers, Columbus, Cortés, and Las Casas each had the confidence of fulfilling this expedition to the New World. Along the way each explorer encountered different experiences with the indigenous people including their values and beliefs. The explorers’ eyes were open to a new world and experienced many hardships. However, the explorers came across great colonization’s of the New World, including trading routes and goods, along with the discovering of new plants and animals. Each confront with the New World was different for the explorers allowing for different experiences. Some had different intentions along with experiencing different obstacles with the indigenous people. They each though led a success route allowing for the Spain to connect with the New World.
Imagine that the year is 1527, you are sailing along the Atlantic Ocean and suddenly you are told to get off the boat, and you’re left stranded near present-day Tampa-Bay, Florida. Believe it or not, this happened to a man named Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca. He was part of an expedition led by a spanish conquistador Pánfilo de Narvaez, Narvaez wanted to settle the gulf coast. After an accidental landfall, Narvaez, de Vaca, and many others march inland in search of treasure ; they found nothing, and they were stranded there and forced to survive. This leads us to the question, how did Cabeza de Vaca survive? Cabeza de Vaca survived because of his wilderness skills, his success as a healer, and the respect he held for the Native Americans.
In this paper, the epic journey and expedition of Cabeza de Vaca would be discussed that why is his tale significant to understand the Spanish invasion of the Americas, what communication difficulties did he faced and what were the main aspects of his journey and our learning’s about native societies.
Hispanic Americans have played a large role in shaping the Florida we know today. However, the Florida we know today is vastly different from the Florida that was around not too long ago. The person who was primarily responsible for the colonization of the wild, untamed Florida was none other than Spanish Conquistador Pedro Menéndez de Avilés. Menéndez de Avilés brought forth the overall development of Florida by establishing St. Augustine, the oldest continuously-inhabited settlement in the United States, as well as bringing European culture over to the state of Florida.
Don Juan de Onate, wrote the letter after the expedition took place, the subject of the document included the travels to the new colony and the hardships that were endured. He described the culture, religion and living conditions of the indigenous people. Although gold was not found, other riches were to be had, such as furs, mines, foods to harvest and wildlife. Don Juan de Onate also told of his commitment to Spain and the
Hook. After just two months after the Narvaez expedition, the treasurer of the Narvaez expedition, Cabeza de Vaca, landed on Galveston Island along with 250 other castaways. Their dreams of colonization and riches had morphed into a quest for survival. However, the real question is: How did Cabeza de Vaca survive? Cabeza de Vaca survived because of his wilderness skills, his success as a healer and his respect for the Native Americans.
Cabeza de vaca had a purpose for taking sail in 1527. Cabeza de vaca wanted to establish settlements along the gulf coast. Cabeza de vaca's ship went off course so they had to build rafts and leave the ship after they left the ships a strong wind blew them out into the open sea. Some people say he landed in modern day galveston. Which he was healed captive as a slave for a tribe called charrucos, he was healed as a healer. Cabeza de vaca survived because of his respect for native americans, his success as a healer , and his wilderness skills/survival skills.
It is quite surreal that one can survive for two years in the wilderness. On the rafts that drifted from Panfilo de Narvaez’s ship, there were many people who did not survive. Those people became weak and they lost their minds. The amount of people remaining was four in a year, and one of the four was Cabeza de Vaca. Then that leads to the question: How did Cabeza de Vaca survive? Cabeza de Vaca survived because of his success as a healer, his wilderness skills, and most importantly his respect for Native Americans.
Thereupon the Columbian Exchange, silver took the global marketplace by storm. Exported from mines in Spanish America and Japan, said silver was imported into China for coveted goods such as silk, perfume, and porcelain. This precious metal influenced the world insofar as having both the Chinese and the Europeans seeing it profitable enough to warrant inflation, with the latter rendering it necessary for the Native American peoples to be enslaved.
Nothing but smooth sailing for Cabeza de Vaca and his crew. Abruptly the tides turn against them. Him and 3 other survivors wash up on shore of the Isla De Malhado, with no food, water or clothes. How could this situation get any worse? Cabeza de Vaca was one in 5,000 men on a trip to the new world. The 5,000 was cut to 4 when the ships wrecked and washed up on the Island of Bad Luck. With all odds against him, how did Cabeza de Vaca survive? Through all the struggles and hardships, Cabeza survived with his respect and trust for Native Americans, his amazing wilderness skills, and his ability to heal the injured.
During the colonial period numerous new things were taking place, people were gaining independence and literature was developing. By 1763 there was over 12,000 separate works published in North America. Both Chronicle of the Narvaez Expedition and Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson detail the author’s journeys during certain period of their lives. Religious devotion is apparent throughout both books in many different ways. Rowlandson and de Vaca look to God for comfort, to help them meet their needs and to guide them.
Hernándo Cortés sailed from Spain to Mexico. What was his purpose to go on this specific exploration? Well, he wanted to claim land for Spain (which was extremely common for most explorers). Isabella (the future queen of Spain), knew what was going on during the exploration, because the king had told her everything (that had taken place). Why is Diego Velazquez important to this exploration? Diego Velazquez is important to the exploration, because not only was he Hernándo Cortés’s close friend, but he also went on the exploration (himself) with Hernándo, and Diego was also kind of in charge (Hernándo did almost everything Diego had told him to do). Diego was even the person to tell Hernándo (directly from the future queen and king) that the exploration was to be canceled. How was Panfilo Narvaez related to this exploration? Well, Panfilo Narvaez was related to this exploration, because he over saw everything, and how everything (during the exploration) had occurred.
In Victors and the Vanquished, Schwartz poses the question of “How can we evaluate conflicting sources” (ix)? Through reading historical events such as the “Conquest of New Spain” there is an undeniably large amount of destruction of cultural material and bias testimonies of events recorded up to several years after they occurred. After analyzing the Spanish Conquest of Mesoamerica there is a debatable amount of evidence from the Mesoamericans and Spanish explanations of this event in history. The intentions of each explanation created a conflict to historians, art historians and anthropologists on which viewpoint holds to accuracy. There is also the issue of not only accuracy but the motive behind each bias account. As many take these aspects