Analysis Of Mahatma Gandhi's Leadership In Indian Freedom Struggle

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econd Phrase of Gandhi’s Leadership in Indian Freedom Struggle: 1919 – 1930 Mahatma Gandhi and Rowlatt Act: During the World War I, the Defence of India rules were in operation which gave arbitrary powers to the Government. When the war came to the end in 1919, the british government again wanted to arm itself with such powers to suppress the revolutionary movement in the country. In 1919, a committee which was headed by Mr. Justice Rowlatt was appointed to investigate the revolutionary activities and to make recommendation for their efficient suppression. On the recommendation of the investigation committee, the Government passed the Rowlatt Bills which gave the power to the government to arrest any person without giving any reason, search any place without a warrant and imprison anyone without trial. The judges were empowered to try political cases without jury. The act in curtailed all the liberties of Indians in the name of curbing terrorist or anti- government activities. Mahatma Gandhi said, “They are striking demonstration of the civil services to retain its grip on our necks. It considers the bills to be an open challenge to us”. “Pandit Motilal Nehru said the essence of bills were no vakil, no dalil, no appeal. None of the official member of the Central Legislative Council supported the Bill.” This act was also called as draconian by its nature therefore every section of the nation opposed this act. The national leaders started an agitation against this act

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