Drawing inspiration from both King’s Christian faith and the peaceful teachings of Mahatma Gandhi, Dr. King led a nonviolent movement in the late 1950’s and ‘60s to achieve legal equality for black people in the United States of America. While others were advocating for freedom by “any means necessary,” including violence, King used the power of words and acts of nonviolent resistance, such as protests, grassroots organizing, and civil disobedience to achieve supposedly impossible goals. He also held marches such as the 1963 march on Washington and the 1665 march from Selma to Montgomery. Different from King, Che used violent tactics to achieve his goals. His method was called Guevarism.
However, unlike the likes of other black revolutionaries of the time, such as Malcolm X, MLK was an advocate of peaceful protests even as the white people broke out with violence towards the African American community with every step they took in the war for equality. “‘As my sufferings mounted,’ Martin Luther King Jr. once wrote, ‘I soon realized that there were two ways that I could respond to my situation: either to react with bitterness or seek to transform the suffering into a creative force’” (Bromell, 2013, p.
When coloured people came to cash the check, it came back marked “insufficient funds.” The climax is reached when King states the black people refuse to believe the “the bank of justice is bankrupt.” In other words, the blacks are fighting to gain the freedom that they had been promised. This idea draws concepts from everyday life to help the people, both black and white, understand the point segregation and injustice have gotten to. This image is potent because it speaks to the need for justice. A powerful thing about King 's speech is the language he uses. One emotive phrase is, “we cannot walk alone.” The idea here is that the blacks need to fight together, even if they are being segregated.
It goes without saying that none of these people protesting want to be abused, beaten, arrested and even killed, just because they were peacefully marching. Of course it is preferable that they stay safe and “leave the battle for racial equality to the courts”, as the clergymen say. But it would be beyond presumptuous to make these statements and yet fail to understand what circumstances brought about this strong desire for change, what made these people need to go out and protest for their equal rights. As King states time and time again, they can no longer just sit back and wait. Change will only come about if the people’s voices are a catalyst for equality.
Malcolm X 's violent approach towards equality came from his childhood and Islamic religion. Martin Luther King Jr. 's nonviolent principals came from his religion and childhood as well. There were many other smaller conflicts between the two. Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X always had a common goal. They wanted the oppression of African-Americans to stop.
King’s protest was known for being Non- Violent. This was still the case, however, Dr. King wanted more direct action. “Freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor”. He noticed that those in power were not open to negotiations for the African Americans. He wanted to create a situation which left the opposers with no choice but to, negotiate solutions.
In terms of legacies, Martin Luther King Jr. is an example of someone whose legacy has left an impact on a great many fields. The first to come to mind for most would be civil rights activism, as he was an instrumental figure in the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s. However, Martin Luther King Jr is an extremely influential figure in the field of oration and rhetoric. His Letter from Birmingham Jail is a work that he wrote while incarcerated in the Birmingham City Jail in response to criticism from Alabama clergymen. This letter is a prime example of King’s expertise in constructing persuasive rhetoric that appealed to the masses at large.
Martin Luther King, Jr played a key role in the American civil rights movement from the mid-1950s until his assassination in 1968. He once said the real struggle between justice and injustice “between the forces of light and the forces of darkness” If there was a victory, “and there will be a victory” it would be a victory for justice and a defeat of injustice; It will be a victory for goodness in its long struggle with the forces of evil”. He fought for African Americans, the economically disadvantaged and victims of injustice through peaceful protest. King led marches for black rights, desegregation, labor rights and other basic civil rights. Most of these rights were successfully enacted into the law of the United States paving way for
When the narrator was in Harlem, the narrator garners a better articulation of himself. The Brotherhood, which is a fictional version of many civil rights groups that sought to achieve social and economic equality, held many acts and speeches. The narrator was at one point the leader of the Harlem division, which shows a similarity to Nation of Islam. The narrator was peaceful, like Martin Luther King, but his competing ally, Ras the Destroyer was more aggressive, like Malcolm X. He believed that they had to “fight for the liberty of the black people” (Ellison 375) and that the power must be placed back into the hand of black folk in order for them to form their own identity.
During the Civil Rights Movement, African Americans had to get around the Jim Crow laws, convince the federal government to help move the movement along, and they also had to defuse the tension of uniting African Americans and whites that supported the movement. Http://thedreamcatch.com says “If you witness any acts of cruelty or injustice around you, be willing to speak up and stand up for what you believe is right. If we remain silent because of our timidity, we will allow the bullies and offenders to get away with it.” This proves that you should stand up for what you believe is right. This proves that you shouldn’t sit back and just watch while the injustice is happening in front of
King was disappointed in the biased and distorted views of his fellow religious colleagues and the fact that they showed no concern for the brutality endured by the black community. The exigence of it is Dr. King felt the necessity to defend and justify his nonviolent actions and responded to their accusations and disapproval by writing a Letter from Birmingham Jail. In his letter King wrote about racial discrimination and the struggles and inequalities faced by the black community and he intended for it to encourage and promote desegregation and equality among all nations. Being a highly educated civil rights activist, a fellow minister, and the President of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, King declared his knowledge and experience as proof that he had the authority to speak on the issues. He strategically used biblical and historical references to expose the reality that segregation, injustice, and racism still strongly existed in Birmingham.
Since he is talking to an entirely different audience where his religious beliefs may not be in-line theirs, it wouldn’t be ideal to discuss their different beliefs and instead uses Kairos to infuse his argument with logos to convince the audience of the problems with segregation and the necessity to fight for equality. Malcolm X discusses how they don’t have civil rights which were pertinent in the lives of all the audience and allows them to relate to the time and logically leads to supporting his ideas against segregation. Malcolm X denounces the actions of the white population, without any attempts to appeal to them; his approach to the civil rights issue is in complete opposition to the tactics of other civil rights leaders of his time, such as MLK. Rather than trying to integrate the black community into the white, he focused on the complete reconstruction between the two populations: he didn 't want the African-Americans to integrate into the white hotels; he wanted African-Americans to own the hotels. He believed that it was entirely necessary for the black population to break the psychological, cultural, economic, and political dependency of their oppressors.
The assassination of Malcolm X was unjustified because he was an influential civil rights activist that helped African Americans in their journey to equality; however, rival Black Muslims believed that he was uncontrollable so there needed to be a way to stop him. Even though some people thought that Malcolm X was an “uncompromising” leader, he was a very vital participant in the civil rights movement. He didn’t follow the nonviolent movement. “Instead of nonviolence in the face of anti-black attacks, he called for self-defense” (Ali, para.3). This supports his famous quote “by any means necessary”.
The appeal isn’t directed towards any civil rights activists with these two news sources, as NY Post has said, “The whole ‘hands up, don’t shoot’ narrative promoted by activists and the media was false from the start” (NY Post). Overall, these conservative newspapers attempted to downplay the severity of the racial tensions in Ferguson and the entirety of the United States as well as advocate support for the police state and enforce the stereotype of black
He led several nonviolent protests in Birmingham as a way to advocate for change and equality for African Americans. However, after a few nonviolent protests looking for desegregation, MLK was arrested in Birmingham, AL. In April 16, 1963, while in jail Martin Luther King wrote one of the most important letters ever written as a response to the Clergyman’s Call for Unity. Martin Luther King’s “Letter from a Birmingham Jail”, perfectly applies rhetorical strategies such as Pathos and Logos in order persuade not only his main audience, which was the people supporting segregation, but all the Americans to fight for desegregation. Dr. Martin Luther King perfectly clarify his ambitions through pathos, by using words that emotionally appeal to his audience, and aims to persuade them to join him in the fight for desegregation.