Analysis Of Martin Seligman's Theory Of Learned Helplessness

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Martin Seligman’s Theory Of Learned Helplessness Learned helplessness is a phenomenon occurred when a living thing learned to be helpless in a specific condition after a period of training or experience about the specific condition (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). In 1967, Martin Seligman first identified the term “learned helplessness”(Joyce, 2005). He and his colleagues grouped the dogs into three groups and put them into different condition (Kathrya, n.d.). At first, the dogs that were “inescapable shocked” which mean the dogs would not be able to escape although it was been electrical shocked. After a few shocked, the same group of dog was placed into another place that can be escape easily. They found out that the dogs would not try to escape or change their situation, although they have the chance to do it (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). Jorge Bucay, an Argentinian psychotherapist and writer shared this story in his book. He once went to a circus when he was small. He noticed an elephant was always remained tied down to a tiny stake with a chain held its leg in between the performance. The stake was actually a tiny piece of wood while the chain might be thick. As we all know, elephants are strong and powerful animals as elephants are capable to uproot a tree trunk easily. Although the chain was thick, both stake and chain would not be an obstacle to the elephant. But why it does not run? It could easily rid of the stake and flee (Levin, 2009). This is what the writer and I

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