Analysis Of Mary Wollstonecraft's A Vindication Of The Rights Of Woman

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My theoretical framework will focus on the issues addressed by Mary Wollstonecraft in A Vindication of the Rights of Woman: with Strictures on Political and Moral Subject (1792), Simone de Beauvoir in The Second Sex (1949), and on the concept ‘Gender Performativity’, developed by Judith Butler in her Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity (1990). Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Woman is considered to be one of the earliest works of feminist philosophy, although the term ‘feminist’ and ‘feminism’ did not exist during the late eighteenth century. A Vindication of the Rights of Woman is written in the form of a treatise against the background of French Revolution (1787-1799). However, Wollstonecraft’s work not only engages with specific events and incidents but also addresses broader issues related to the natural rights of women. She argues that the natural rights are god’s gift and so it should be equally accessible by all human beings irrespective of their gender. For this research I will particularly concentrate on Wollstonecraft’s views on the women’s right to rational education. In the dedicatory note of her work, she states: “Contending for the rights of woman, my main argument is built on this simple principle, that if she be not prepared by education to become the companion of man, she will stop the progress of knowledge, for truth must be common to all, or it will be inefficacious with respect to its influence on general
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