Analysis Of Maslow's Hierarchy Of Needs

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According to Maslow, self-actualization is a vital, evolutionary process through which an individual aims to realize true potential after satisfying basic needs. Self-actualized individuals tend to be fulfilled with their lives and spend significant amounts of time with altruistic activities. Self-actualization measurement inventories have traditionally measured self-actualization values and beliefs. This article outlines the development of an inventory for measurement of self-actualization activity to determine whether self-actualizing values materialize into self-actualized actions. A pilot study was conducted and the results indicate that while an individual may claim to hold self-actualizing beliefs and feelings, internal principles do not necessarily manifest self-actualizing behavior in everyday life. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs (Maslow, 1943) is one of the preeminent motivational need theories. Originally, Maslow classified human needs into five categories: physiological, safety, love and belonging, esteem, and self-actualization. Later modifications sub-divided self-actualization into four disparate categories: cognitive, aesthetic, self-actualization and self-transcendence (Maslow, 1967; Maslow, 1969; Maslow, 1970; Huitt, 2007). Physiological, safety, love and belonging, and esteem needs were denoted as deficiency needs or “D-needs”. Cognitive, aesthetic, self-actualization and self-transcendence needs were denoted as being needs or “B-needs”. Self-actualized
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