The fundamental arbiters of change from the Old World to the New World were: Capitalism, Colonialism, Modernity and Nationalism. Hind Swaraj is a staunch critique of all these four concepts. In this text, he not only completely does away with modern civilization, but also critiques the individuality in civil society. He believed that India was being ground down, not by the British heel but under that of modern civilization; the end result of these means was that the people were turning away from God. I would like to draw attention to how the Gandhian theory of life
In 1909 Gandhi released Hind Swaraj, in which he argues that the British rule over India hasn’t been beneficial, or to the best interest of the country. Gandhi urges that India should make an effort towards reclaiming its sovereignty. To achieve this goal, Gandhi express that resistance to the British rule must not be violent or aggressive. Instead, the key to achieving Indian independence, Swaraj, is for the Indian people to utilize the power of ‘passive resistance’. There are many reasons why the Indian people were motivated to get rid of the British.
Imperialism means power, authority, dominion, command and empire. The aim of imperialism is to rule the people by the most powerful state not only by the military or weapons but also by the usage of cultural and economic forces through them. The powerful ruler used to impose their rules and tradition on weak people. Not only rule or traditions but culture, language, social and economical values are also imposed to them. Actually post-colonial criticism is the way of cultural criticism.
The historical context and textual form of Metropolis enrich the responders understanding of the dangers of total state control over the individual through propaganda, panoptical surveillance and loss of creativity in 1984. The devastating impact of industrialisation and its effect on the erosion of liberty and compassion is effectively explored in both Metropolis and 1984. Lang specifically examines the negative consequences of technological advancement with no due consideration for the welfare of the individual. This is clearly represented through the paradoxical heart machine and Maria’s doppelganger Maschinenmensch. The Maschinenmensch is a gynoid of Maria that was created by the irrational scientist, Rotwang who was building a replica of Hel, “Let 's all watch as the world goes to the devil!” The symbolism of Hel’s replica is linked to the devil by the large satanic
He believed imperialism make the Europeans uncivilized and the hostile environment around force them to indulge in violent acts. This belief was aggravated later in this section when Marlowe was seen accusing Africa of doing “something” to a man. May be by saying this he is pacifying himself that he is not responsible for the atrocities committed by the Company to the natives. Or he is justifying that such an uncivilized nation deserve this harsh treatment from the civilized ones. At various points in the novel we see a contrast in Marlow’s personality.
Indeed , Modernists sought to reinvent themselves and find meaning lost in the modern world . Thus , they explored psychological themes like loss , disillusionment , alienation , despair and inner strength .Also , they made use of psychological theories developed by Freud and Jung in their attempt to produce the inner works of the mind. Modernists lament the incoherence of the modern world and glorify the past. They show concerns regarding the decline of civilization .This is expressed in the wasteland poem by T.S Eliot in which he captures the historical development and laments the past .By the same token , Ulyssess induces readers to reflect on the chaos of the modern world by drawing parallels to Homer’s odyssey and the great Greek era . The great Gatsby , on the other hand , sheds light the corruption of the American dream , racism , adultery , and social class divisions .
But the two central themes that dominate the novel are the moral redemption of its main character, Jean Valjean, an ex-convict, and the moral redemption of a nation through revolution. Victor Hugo said: "I condemn slavery, I banish poverty, I teach ignorance, I treat disease, I lighten the night, and I hate hatred. That is what I am, and that is why I have written Les Miserables." The novel is a critical statement against human suffering, poverty, and ignorance. Its purpose is as much political as it is artistic Objectives Les Misérables, directed by Tom Hooper.
Tryston Strickland Dr. Norwood Honors English IV March 8, 2018 The Flaw: Human Nature In Heart of Darkness, Joseph Conrad shows human nature’s tendency toward callousness through the use of greed, imperialism, and darkness. Throughout the book the topics of greed, imperialism, and heartlessness give examples of the flaw that humans cannot fix. Humans tend to help others when there is a benefit for them to gain. This greed drives humans to overlook the unthinkable in order to satisfy their lust for power and money. The attempted help of the Englishmen becomes the disease that slowly starts to cripple the host to gain the power they desire.
Marthoz (2013) further advocates on the continued failure of the ANC to deliver its promises to the mass which affects its foreign policy and by this contradiction, the ANC favours a populist and anti-imperialist system on the other side it supports a pragmatist and realistic foreign policy. Another factor that decides South Africa`s realist foreign policy is the fact that the African continent constitutes countries of armed conflict, arbitrary rule, migration, illegal trade and transnational crime which inescapably pervade
By reading Gandhi one gets the impression that he had not fully grasped the crux of Ambedkar’s thinking. It is quite clear that Ambedkar’s main concern is the social evil called caste system which actually demonstrates a hierarchy in which the top levels try to dominate the