Analysis Of Mohandas Gandhi's The Hind Swaraj

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The Hind Swaraj is a book written by Mohandas Gandhi in 1909 in which he expresses his contempt for modern civilization and by extension colonialism. The book is Gandhi’s fundamental work and lucidly presents his reasons for advocating nonviolence, self-sacrifice, and love in India’s independence movement, as opposed to violence and hate. Gandhi asserts India can gain its independence (Swaraj) only by rejecting modern civilization and its social institutions. He wrote his monograph while traveling from London to South Africa between November 13 and November 22, 1909. In his piece, he illustrates his diagnosis of what plagues contemporary society, its causes, and his solution through a dialogue between two characters, The Reader and the Editor. The Editor depicts Gandhi while the Reader symbolizes the typical Indian peasant of whom the text is directed at. In his piece, Gandhi the Editor dispels the common beliefs and ideals of Indian independence and modern civilization expressed by the Reader. Gandhi claims that modern civilization is an evil entity that promotes immorality through its social institutions and rejection of religion. The very entities it boasts of: its legal system, medicine, and railways perpetuate immoral practice and deprive individuals of self-efficacy. These social institutions are the mainstays of British colonialism and they serve to maintain the power dynamics of modern imperialists. To break free from colonialism and to achieve “Swaraj” or
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