Such writers, often depicts the themes of socio-economic conflict by contrasting the living conditions of the poor with those of the upper classes in urban as well as rural society. This realistic movement can too be seen in a philosophical way. In Russia one of the major contributors to realist literature was Fyodor Dostoyevsky whose novel Crime and Punishment illustrates core principles of realism. Crime and Punishment replaced the classy style of Romanticism with fictional realism. Dostoyevsky depicts a world full of segregation and division between social classes.
Thomas Hardy closely witnessed the social institutions and problems of his society in the nineteenth century, and his novels frankly deal with various social institutions and honestly address social problems within the confines of his art. In Victorian England religious and social institutions such as church, family and marriage were deeply rooted in patriarchy. True to its nature patriarchy automatically limited women and privileges men. Victorian society, dominated as it was by patriarchal ideology, restricted women physically and mentally, and severely limited their economic opportunities as well. Therefore, women suffered from severe economic and social debilities.
The short story, “Life in the Iron Mills” by Rebecca Harding Davis focuses on this divide between men. It focuses on the societal constraints of wealth and poverty that mirror issues still affecting the United States. Davis, specifically, explores this theme of disparity between the classes by featuring characters who view life through the lens of their own
Dickens reflected impact and aspect of misery on the society in that period. Also he reflected social aspects of the society including of the poor, peasant, workers, landlords, the rich and the state. He wrote essays about his experiments and investigations in the parliament. In this novel, Dickens emphasized the Utilitarian education, the arrogance of the middle and upper class, and the industrial revolution. Every character got into difficulty in this novel.
Introduction The novels of Bhabani Bhattacharya mostly represent a realistic and humanistic view, along with, it contains the outlook of oriental v/s occidental life of human society. His vision of life is very positive. As a novelist he is seriously concerned with the plight of the poor peasants and destitute, the landless and the labourer, the out casts of the society who suffer a great deal simply because they are helpless and their fate is sealed in hands of the rich and influential class of the people. He draw our attention through the scenes of poverty and suffering of the poor people and the cruel and heartless altitude of the rich and affluent people who thwart the prospects of a happy life for the helpless and unfortunate poor, peasant
The Condition of Dalits in India The aim of Dalit Literature is to rebel against the harsh caste system which is based entirely on injustice. It also sets out to expose the hypocrisy and evil of the upper castes. There is a dire need to create aesthetics for Dalit literature, aesthetics that are based on the real experiences of an individual’s life. The best example for this would be Sharankumar Limbale’s autobiography, The Outcaste: Akkarmashi. The book talks about the impoverished condition of outcastes in India.
It reflects upon the Indian society, culture and other interlinked pieces of religion and caste. The novel goes on to show the inhumane behaviour by the upper caste and their ways of exploitation using caste as a weapon. With this novel, Kalyan Rao has come up as a powerful voice in Dalit literature, who took inspiration from personal accounts and weaved it into the story. Kalyan Rao’s novel deals with a family of Dalits for five generations, and their struggle for equality and dignity. With each generation, as time passes, all of them without any exception face severe oppression.
The present paper is concerned with evil of untouchability and the need for radical empathy. The reader will realize the humiliation and physical assault as well as mental agonies of the untouchables throughout the novel. Keywords: alienation, humiliation, social discrimination, human dignity, suppression. INTRODUCTION: Untouchable, Mulk Raj Anand 's debut novel and magnum opus. It is a social novel based on the theme of the evil of untouchability in India.
Introduction to Dalit literature ‘Dalit’ is a term used to describe the people who are placed at the bottom of the traditional Indian caste system. In a lay man’s language Dalits are referred to a category the untouchables. Dalit literature is a platform to express the sufferings of Dalits and call out for their liberation. Dalit literature does not only deal with Mangas, Mallas, Chamars, Tagis, etc but it is also about the upper class people who mock at lower sections of the society. Dalit literature gained its momentum under the legacy of Savitri Bai Phule, Jyotiba Phule, and Bhimrao Ambedkar.
Through this novel, Mulk Raj Anand has concentrated on a social misery caused by inhumanity, selfishness, cupidity, poverty and exploitation. Munoo, the protagonist of the novel is a central figure representing the miseries of the poor and downtrodden. He had experienced many painful situations and encountered callous adventures in his life. INTRODUCTION Munoo. He is the protagonist or the hero of the novel.