In Founding Brothers: The Revolutionary Generation, Joseph Ellis, Professor at the University of Massachusetts, Ellis explores many events and problems faced by the Founding Fathers as the United States seeks a new form of government. Ellis quotes Tom Paine, an English-born political philosopher, by saying “claimed that it was simply a matter of common sense that an island could not rule a continent”(Ellis, 3). Principles were at stake while the country was at a constant state of war with other countries, including the mother country England. Ellis paints many mental pictures of the American revolutionaries and their troubled hardships while maintaining balanced decisions on quite decisive events that were later to be shaping the ideas of
The aftermath of the horrifying and traumatic events of World War 1, brought a dramatic rise in of pacifist and anti-war literature, including the impactful novel All Quiet on the Western Front, composed by Erich Maria Remarque. Remarque’s personal experiences fighting in the futile battles of World War 1 drove him to portray a realistic perspective of war and serve a voice for the Lost Generation through his novel and make deliberate decisions to portray the betrayal of the older generation forcing innocent boys to engage in atrocities, the immense fear and sadness when losing a comrade, and the major physiological impacts soldiers endure, in order to influence audiences towards pacifism and away from romanticizing war. Born 1898 in Osterburg,
The book, Fahrenheit 451, written by Ray Bradbury brought to light some scary yet plausible ideas on the future of the world. In the novel, firemen are ordered to burn books and the public is brainwashed into worrying more about materialistic happiness than taking the time to think. The epigraph at the beginning of the book reads, “If they give you ruled paper, write the other way.” This quote is Ray’s way of drawing attention to the simple fact that although society will do its best to conform people to their liking, people must always challenge to question and rebel against the norm. One way this epigraph ties well with the book would be the ongoing challenging of the society that the main character, Montag, does all throughout the book. A prime example of this being the time when Montag had a lengthy and thought-provoking conversation with his wife, Mildred, on pages 146-151.
Authors often integrate symbols and motifs to their writing to foreshadow later events. In one of the most famous pieces of American literature, The Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald drops hints to forecast terrible outcomes. The novel occurs during the roaring twenties and accentuates the wild and extravagant lifestyle of Long Island’s enclaves. In between East and West Egg’s opulence, there is the Valley of Ashes, a dark, grey wasteland. Even though their opulent lifestyle seems magnificent, one couple, Tom and Daisy Buchanan, faces marriage troubles because of their loss of love.
In Ken Kesey’s novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, using a pen as his weapon the author wages a war for individualism against our oppressive society. Ironically, the race and gender stereotypes he employs are oppressive themselves. The book is about the struggle between chaos and order. There’s no freedom without a little chaos, yet to maintain order, there must be oppression. McMurphy upsets the established routine of the ward, asking for schedule changes and inspiring resistance during therapy sessions.
Draft for the essay: In the short story, there will come soft rain ray Bradbury sets a somewhat post-apocalyptic and chaotic mood .He uses different literary devices to help us understand better what the atmosphere of the world is at the time. In there will come soft rain, Bradbury uses personification "The house shuddered, oak bone on bone, its bared skeleton cringing from the heat, its wire, its nerves revealed as if a surgeon had torn the skin off to let the red veins and capillaries quiver in the scalded air.” He uses this as a way to tell the reader about how the world is at this time. He makes the house personified to help us the readers understand the mood of the book. He uses the destruction of the house to create a chaotic atmosphere. He also uses the destruction of the house as way to define the Post apocalyptic mood in which things start getting destroyed.
It is an antifederalist paper that hits on the weakness of the US constitution and the growing power of the government. In the opening paragraph the author explains, “I said in my last number, that the supreme court under this constitution would be exalted above all other power in the government, and subject to no control. The business of this paper will be to illustrate this, and to shew the danger that will result from it” (Constitutionsociety, 1788). This is what the author does throughout the paper, explaining the ills of the US constitution and the new government to be formed under it. While the antifederalists continued to oppose the new constitution in their essays, the problem was that they could never unite across the
With Gothic literature at its peak in the late 18th century authors of this genre had a variety of issues and topics that were of an influence or were being commented on. With Matthew Lewis it is no mystery that he touched on the many destructions that were caused because of the war, such as the destructions the French Revolution had brought on. These destructions of society included: mob violence, negative sexual energy, oppression, and tyranny. Included with every chapter of The Monk, Lewis ingeniously includes an epigram consisting of an excerpt from a plays, poems, or novels such as ones by William Shakespeare or Torquato Tasso. These excerpts not only helps discuss the underlying issues that Lewis is commenting on, but also serve as origins
Barry Lewis states that “The postmodernist writer distrusts the wholeness and completion associated with traditional stories, and prefers to deal with other ways of structuring narrative.” (Stuart Sim (ed.) 2001: 127). In this essay, I shall attempt to show how the ‘wholeness and completion’ of the conventional Victorian novel is disrupted over the narrative of Fowles’s The French Lieutenant’s Woman by drawing a number of examples out of the numerous that can be traced in the novel. The first distinct element that the reader notices in the narrative is the use of quotation references preceding the beginning of each chapter. The use of these epigraphs reinforces the Victorian ‘feeling’ of the story, and certainly, it also aims to recreate the Victorian context in relation to the current perspective.
In Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby, there are many different types of literary devices and these each, in some way, relate to the theme of the disillusionment of the American dream. By the end of this twisted novel, it is discovered that the American dream may not be worth the trouble after all; as Gatsby dies, so do all of his dreams of riches and of Daisy. As Christians, we are to look at this theme of the American dream in an informed way, knowing that the road to materialism leads to death, while also not discouraging a hard work ethic. Word Count:
This was my second time reading Birdsong, and I still feel it is a amazing and emotionally involved novel. Set before and during the Great War, Birdsong tells the story of Stephen, starting in before WWI France and taking him right through the war which is a terrible period of history. I believe the writer (Sebastian Faulks) creates a moving, shocking character and stories- Stephen and his love affair, the hardships of trench life which makes me see and feel all this shocking description through the character’ eyes. At same time, this book records the great war as a hugely important reminder of the near past, of the sacrifices that were made by our very close ancestors to preserve our way of life. I learned a lot from this book and found it to be both illuminating and horrifying.
The number of innocent victims killed by the bombing is alarming and Vonnegut keeping with his anti war theme made it a point to center his novel around the Dresden bombing which increased knowledge of what the historical city Dresden once was. Vonnegut wanted to “try to write my war story, whether it was interesting or not, and try to make something out of it.” Vonnegut wanted to make a significant point across about the horrors of the war stating several times he is currently writing an anti war novel(******). The main character Billy is broken from the war, which is clearly stated in (*******). Showing what Vonnegut went through through Billy described the Dresden bombing as the worst bombing and experience that any prisoner of war had
Jacqueline Le McLoskey IB English HL 1 14 November 2017 Symbolism in the Great Gatsby: In-class Essay What is a symbol? A symbol is an object or figure that represents a broader concept, like how the color red symbolizes anger or love. In the novel The Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald writes about Jay Gatsby, a mysterious millionaire, from the limited perspective of Nick Carraway. As Fitzgerald unveils Gatsby’s secret past and story, he uses various examples of this illicit metaphor. From the green light to the weather, to the characters themselves, there is no doubt that symbolism is used to illustrate a more complex idea.
“European nations began World War I with a glamorous vision of war, only to be psychologically shattered by the realities of the trenches. The experience changed the way people referred to the glamour of battle; they treated it no longer as a positive quality but as a dangerous illusion. Virginia Postrel” In a sense the book lord of the flies awakens the evil in man and exposes the true horrors man is capable of just as world war one had for so many. However as humans we are not perfect and so began a second world war 20 years after the first. So for this paper we are comparing two key locations from the book lord of the flies“castle rock” and “the beach”.
He wrote this based on the experiences he had in English but since it was published in French later, it was seen to hold an attack on the French governmental system. It was banned immediately and he was forced to leave France. During this exile he continued to write plays but later on focused on world civilizations, for example his work on Essay on the Customs and the Spirit of the Nations, where he took a unique approach for the subject. After that time, Voltaire began working more on his philosophical work; all his frustrations created his best work Candide in 1759, which portrays a satire religiously and philosophically optimistic. Being very critical on Catholicism, he thought the bible was an outdated source even though it had good scriptures.