Nelson Mandela Fighting Against Apartheid in South Africa Abstract This is an introduction about Apartheid. Apartheid essentially contains meanings of was a system of racial segregation in South Africa. Apartheid was born in South Africa by the National Party governments. Under apartheid, nonwhite South Africans would be forced to live in separate areas from whites and use separate public facilities, and contact between the two groups would be limited. The law remained in South Africa for more than 50 years.
Apartheid was an ideology for the segregation of distinctive racial groups that was introduced in South Africa in 1948. At first, its aim was to have an “equal development and freedom of cultural expression,” (South African History Online, 2017). However, the Apartheid established a social system that forced people of different colors to live and develop separately instead. It undoubtedly impaired the blacks, which took up most of the population, only because they didn’t have the same skin color as their rulers. The Apartheid was developed for several reasons, the major influence was the ideology of racial dominance and fear.
Unsurprisingly, forcibly removing someone from their homes and enslaving them to work on another continent, if they did not die on the dangerous trip there, does not foster peaceful relationships. This tension, built upon hostilities over colonization, and other poor treatment of African people, has helped contribute to the violence in Africa in the past. Furthermore, it is clear Europeans, and in turn, Americans, have always had a superiority complex towards Africans. This would lead to views of Africans as being inferior, which can lead to ideas of them being less civilized, and more dangerous. This compounds on the actual violence in Africa, and results in the world viewing the entire continent as violent and
South Africa’s past represented in 1980 and 2005. Gavin Hood and Athol Fugard try in each of their versions of Tsosti to explain and understand South Africa during different times. Fugard writes his novel during Apartheid and so the novel tries to grabble with Apartheid and its effect on black people during those times. However Hood focuses his film adaption on the after effects of Apartheid like the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Both the novel and the film express representations of violence and in this essay it will be discussed the differences in which they portray these violence’s.
Correspondingly, the novel reminds the causes of the war and the circumstance in the Southern part at that time when the racial discrimination was actively happened. Especially the idea of social injustice is distinctly reflected in the behaviours of biased people living in Maycomb society where black people are considered as an inferior presence. In ‘To Kill A Mockingbird’, Harper Lee illustrates the theme of justice through various literary techniques by narrating the events of adult’s world in child’s fair perspective, symbolizing each character to demonstrate the consequences which the society influences a child, and reinforcing the theme of social hierarchy due to racism. Firstly,
Many black writers in 1950s, their goal was to talk about their state or condition in apartheid in South Africa. Drum magazine was the platform their outcry. The magazine was the platform where they depicted the black culture identity and had stories where black South African finds themselves in during the apartheid era. These stories deals with the themes of urban deprivation and resilience of black people. This essay will focus on two stories which are Rhodesia Road by Alfred Mbeba (1951) and the dignity of Begging by William Bloke Modisane (1951).
The oppression of black people according to Fanon deals with psych-analytic theory to show the dependency of black people. The work by Fanon explains the divided state of black subject’s mind that constantly faces the divide. These black subjects are devoid of any true identity or self-esteem. Thus these natives in the white world are now ready to embrace the culture of Europe. It produces an inferiority complex so they in a white world become abnormal, because their self is denied to them and moreover depicted as villains by whites in their magazines, papers and cartoon forces blacks to internalize their inferiority.
King speaks of the attacks, “...unspeakable horrors of police brutality” the black community encountered for having a different skin tone. Since the white community did not see the Blacks as equals they did not think they were hurting a worthy human being. King addresses the “... negro’s basic mobility is from a smaller ghetto to a larger one” as something the black community as a whole had to face on a regular basis. The black community was forced to receive social restraint on their lives. This is a real life illustration of the extreme segregation of the time.
The Grass Is Singing by Lessing in the early years of her vocation as an author, is set in South Africa, Rhodesia (New Zimbabwe). This novel is concern with racial discriminations amongst blacks and whites. This work is an attempt to exhibit the life of whites in colonized societies and their superiority to blacks. Like numerous, different works of Lessing which is concern with the postcolonialism, despise the racial humiliation spread in numerous African nations. As told before, the main character is a white who is living among two quiet different societies, consequently, she loses her identity.
In order to change an unjust system, there must be changes politically and socially. In the case of injustices such as racism in South Africa, both the people and the government must recognize the unjust in racism. The struggle for such a change became the inspiration for André Brink’s book, A Dry White Season. In A Dry White Season by André Brink, the protagonist, Ben, attempts to find justice for the wrongful death of two Africans, Jordan and Gordon Ngubene. In his venture, he finds corruption in South Africa in law enforcement, judicial systems, and the worst of all - in people.