Analysis Of Orientalism

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Orientalism is the study of the Orient (previously India and Bible land until the early nineteenth century) or the East by Westerners which portray them (Orients) as if they are different from the West (Said E. 1977 : 1). That difference portrays the (Orients) as inferior from the Westerners putting images of the East as exotic, undeveloped, problematic, uncivilised and treating the people as subjects. Orientalism perpetuates Western dominance. (Said E. 1977 : 3) Orientalism is “thought based upon an ontological and epistemological distinction made between the “orient” and (most of the time) “the Occident.” (Said E. 1977 : 2). Orientalism leads to othering which is simply portraying the Orients as ‘others’ and as something different from the Westerners. Some people from the West still think that Africa is uncivilised, undeveloped, exotic and think that we all live in the forests with monkeys and elephants simply because of how Africa is portrayed to them. Anyone who teaches or writes about the Orient is an Orientalist. (Said E. 1977 : 2).

Said is very critical about how the Western scholars have studied Eastern countries because Orientalists have books that are only focusing on the Orient and the Orientalist as their main authority even today, the Orient being the Easterners and the Occident being the Westerners. This therefore leads to Western novelists, theorists, poets promoting the distinction or difference between the East and West and creating theories, social
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