Pan’s Labyrinth – Literature Review I. Introduction – historical background The Spanish Civil War lasted from July of 1936 till April of 1939. The intensely ferocious war was between the Republicans and the Fascist nationalists, lead by General Francisco Franco. Victory was in favor of the nationalists and General Franco ruled Spain for the next 36 years after the war, up until his death in 1975. The nationalists were supported by Germany of Nazism and Italy of fascism by soldiers and munitions (Berdah, 304).
This was his audience because he wanted to explain his experience living in a different world other than his heritage. How things worked out for him and to never be ashamed of your heritage. As I was reading the article Chicano Manifiesto I was able to relate to Rendon. I was able to relate because I too went to a school where no one would speak Spanish and my brother and I where the only Mexicans in the school. I could not figure out my identity either, I was in a culture shock and I decided to try to fit in with the American culture.
The nationalism was a huge chunk of the reasoning. Although, the alliances split Europe into two sides, there was the Triple Alliance (Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Italy) and also the Triple Entente (Britain, France, Russia). But the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie was the last straw. A man had assassinated the heir to the Austria-Hungary Empire, to them this was a declaration of war to them. The cause of WW1 wasn’t just one event, but multiple things that added up: classes, nationalism, and alliances between countries.
Although she didn’t just magically appear on the bench, it took many hardships and endurance to get to where she is today. However, she will go on to admit that not everyone is fortunate enough to achieve success in this country, "But achieving success here is no easy accomplishment for Latinos or Latinas, and although that struggle did not and does not create a Latina identity, it does inspire how I live my life" (Sotomayor). When she says 'no easy accomplishment,' Sonia is bluntly telling her audience that it is difficult for minorities to come to the United States and attain their goals, as well as being represented by people that look and have the same experience as them. She gives life to the reality of what it feels like to have two clashing cultures affect the way you act as an individual. She says, "It does not provide an adequate explanation of why individuals like us, many of whom are born in this completely different American culture, still identify so strongly with those communities in which our parents were born and raised" (Sotomayor).
The Emergence of Social Equality Although slavery has been abolished for over 150 years—racial inequality is still apparent today. It is 2018; America is in an era of change, acceptance, and innovation— anyone can be whomever they want to be. Finally, everyone in America belongs and there is equality… except when there isn’t. A recent study done by the Pew Research Center in 2016 revealed how discrimination is present today. The study reports, “A majority of blacks (71%) say that they have experienced discrimination or been treated unfairly because of their race or ethnicity.
Bush, Ariel Sharon and Osama bin Laden to show how war is planned which leads to a huge destruction of human life. Kathleen Barry asks about the process of unmaking war by analysing the demilitarized state of Costa Rica. She compares its peace claims with its extremely high rate of violence against women. In the last chapter she has focussed on the aspect of Remaking men, Reknowing Ourselves. According to her the only way to end war is unmaking masculinity.
This was a classic example of a powerful, modernist Shah overthrown by the cleric who himself took the throne to become all powerful. Hence power and resistance are synonymous. This same resistance can be seen in the constant tussle and negotiation between the state controlled authorities and creative film makers- Mohsen Makhmalbaf, Jafar Panahi, Sameera Makhmalbaf, Tamireh Milani,Bani Etemad, Berza’i’, Abbas Kiriastomi and so on. Naficy(2011a) claims that these rebel film makers have always tried to ‘trick’ the censorship with use of allegory and metaphors to convey various messages through their movies to counter the Islamic hegemony under
It was not until recently here at TC in this class that I thought about my African heritage, growing up my family identified with only two heritages Ecuadorian and Puerto Rican. One of the big roadblocks I have had when talking about our African background with my family is the discrepancy between how society sees me and my family sees me: society sees me as Black yet my family sees me as Puerto Rican only. It seems that my family is only comfortable recognizing our complex racial composition until you get to Africa then we go no further. Some of the elders in my family have even had hostility in their voice when I have tried to talk about this subject, “We’re Puerto Rican, not some ugly Nego!” or “I’m no dirty Black!” is the common response.
I remember how one of them ask me if I came in a “boat”, she really meant a “yola”. All I did was laugh, she was confused I don’t know if she said it to make fun of me, but I didn’t took it that way, I just told her how Puerto Ricans don’t need to come in “boats” because we are already “American citizens” . Now I’ve been there for a year, and it wasn’t bad I made new friends, though they’re some that still make fun of my English while they’re others that correct me and
Racism has been apart of history in every civilization, to think America currently does not have issues with racists is naive. On a daily basis people are being segregated because of the color of their skin. It is hard to believe that someone would have prejudice views towards certain races, yet this terrible occurrence happens daily. Whether you are from mexican or native american backgrounds, in the eyes of some people you are considered a minority. It is troubling for me know that people everyday are going through struggles because of their race, I don’t think white people understand how lucky they are that they are white, the hardships that black persons have to go through would have crushed many of the white people I know.
This proves that there are so many Mexicans in the American population, and it was/is hard for them to adjust to a different, new, weird, unfamiliar, and totally scary system, that is very, very different from how they would have taught the same lesson in Mexico, Spain, etc. I would have felt the same way if my family grabbed me out of America, pushed me on a plane, and dropped me off at some random country and expected me to just learn their teaching ways as if it was easy as pie. It would take time to number one, adjust. Number two; find out how I could help myself to learn and fit in, and three, just being comfortable with all of it. This is another reason Hispanics had challenges, because they had to adjust to very brand new and unfamiliar things in a very fast period.