Forster acquaints the reader with different types of English characters in A Passage to India. The main English characters include the bureaucratic Anglo-Indians, Miss Quested and Mrs Moore who are the ‘unspoilt’ newcomers, and Cyril Fielding, an open-minded English teacher in India. In the novel, the Anglo-Indians want to form a separate group and during the trial they try to victimise their status while, in fact, they are the demonisers. In A Passage to India, Forster attacks bigoted perspectives on natives, but he also seems sceptical about the question whether friendship between invader and colonised is at all possible. The narrator of A Passage to India justifiably blames the Anglo-Indians for the troublesome relations between Indians and the English, and is regularly anti-colonial.
While there are several aspects of Orwell’s book that could be considered wildly insensitive and politically incorrect from a twenty-first century perspective, it seems an essential component for the author to adequately emphasize the harshness of the environment in which the story is set. The intolerant treatment of the Burmese people, as well as other non-European nationalities within the storyline, expose the cruel reality of British racism that permeated colonial life. Furthermore, the author’s use of derogatory language allows the reader the opportunity to see past the vail of time to when interracial relationships were unapologetically derided. However, it is important to note the author did include revealing clues to how cruel the indigenous population could be toward one another as well, especially toward those with low social ranking; driving the desire of the Burmese elite to be equated with the Europeans and distance themselves from their own ethnic origins. In fact, the outpost’s social
Katherine Boo’s Stereotypical Delineation of Contemporary India in Behind the Beautiful Forever: Life, Death and Hope in a Mumbai Under city Abstract The Western writing about India has always been a grotesque and is the common trend right from the day of Britain rule in India. This trend is still continuing in this 21st Century. Britain had lost its hold on Indian subcontinent in 1940’s and there persists the interest in viewing India through their colonial eyes. India’s embrace of globalization has reawakened their preexisting biases. Through their writings they distort real story of India so as to give emphasis to their superior status.
The most important symbol in Forster’s novel is the Cave (Marber Cave). Forster use this symbol to show the nature of India . In terms of Modernism, the literature tends to break the traditions. It is inner-self oriented and is generally found by using a stream of consciousness technique. In A Passage to India, there are several examples of stream of consciousness way of thinking in the chapter of “ Temple”.
The Parsis, due to their minority status, face racial discrimination which forced them in diverse diasporas during and after the colonial period. During the colonial period they enjoyed special privileges and elite status and the British employed them as their agents, mediators and diplomats. In fact, Westernization brought about double alienation for the Parsis. Hence it led to the identity crisis. After Partition in 1947, they had to cope up with the majority Hindu community.
Their friendship is not stable; in fact, it continually grows and falters. In the novel, the figure of Cyril Fielding is clearly the most associated with author himself. Among the other Englishmen in India, he is the most inclined to tighten relations with Indians. He does not find racial distinctions between himself and Indians; in fact, he frequently interacts with them. Moreover, he believes that people from different parts of the world can understand one another "by the help of good will plus culture and intelligence."
Book review – the argumentative Indian by Amartya Sen It takes courage and defiance for a person still learning, to select a work from celebrated author like Mr. Amartya Sen, and accept that one might even require to criticize the work, based on one’s limited yet very personal understanding of it. Even so I was able to gather the courage because the content of ‘The Argumentative Indian’, is so profound, stimulating and overarching, that it compelled me to go beyond a simple reading. Mr. Sen is looking at the History, Identity and culture of India through the lenses of contradictions that have been part of literature, religion, gender conceptions and society the nation. He organizes his study in four sections, dealing with ‘Voice and Heterodoxy’,
Pritchett lauds it as a political novel of high request. Ananad calls this novel a whiteman 's lyric, 'A Passage to India ' not for its wonderful quality but rather for its picaresque nature. It moves from slopes to the plain, town to city from the north toward the west and again toward the north. Anand needs to appear in all its differed subtleties, that abuse is same all over the place. It is not the religion, race or rank but rather just money and class that matter.
A Passage to India externally gives off an impression of being fixating on the friendship between the English man Fielding and the Muslim hero Aziz, the reality of the matter is that Forster has carefully translated the social and political states of Indian patriotism. The novel demonstrates the contention between the inclination of the locals for self-government and the English Raj. Passage between the two races is surely defenseless while strife takes off high. In spite of the fact that Forster does not speak to some major political episodes that occurred between the concealment of the alleged Uprising of 1857 and the slaughter of regular folks at Amritasar in 1919, he has found every one of the implausibilities of the relationship between the colonizers and the
The present paper is concerned with evil of untouchability and the need for radical empathy. The reader will realize the humiliation and physical assault as well as mental agonies of the untouchables throughout the novel. Keywords: alienation, humiliation, social discrimination, human dignity, suppression. INTRODUCTION: Untouchable, Mulk Raj Anand 's debut novel and magnum opus. It is a social novel based on the theme of the evil of untouchability in India.