Reasoning is all the positive and opposing arguments that support or critique the thesis by using logic. Socrates was accused and charged with being a corruptor of the youth and denying the gods of the city but introducing other divinities. Socrates defends his case by using reasoning and logic. Socrates said that if every Athenian improved the youth while only he corrupts them, then is influence should not have a greater effect than all the Athenians. Socrates didn’t corrupt the youth.
(Modus Ponens) Socrates is like Jesus: both of them did not believe in gods of that time and both were just speaking to society, but in those speeches were hidden the great idea. Like Jesus, Socrates chose to die for his idea, not surrender norms of the society. Both men had their students, who recorded their words during their life or after death. (Analogy) Rejection of civic life in democratic
He was also a tragic hero because he had an intellectual error which he couldn't see past. He was the kind of person who did not give into societal pressures, or abandon his own beliefs just to be spared. He did not put himself in a position that shamed him, and he still took care of his family by requesting that they scold his children and bring them to justice if they go down the wrong path. Socrates was a person who I could relate to, and that is why I believe that The Apology should be classified as pity and fear in relation to Greek
Furthermore, just decision making should not be interfered with in the face of death because we simply do not know that death is a bad thing. Socrates explains this further in passage 29a, “You see, fearing death, gentlemen, is nothing other than thinking one is wise when one isn’t, since it’s thinking one knows what one doesn’t know. I mean, no one knows whether death may not be the greatest of all goods for people, but they fear it as if they knew for certain that it’s the worst thing of all. Yet surely this is the most blameworthy ignorance of thinking one knows what one doesn’t know,” (Plato, 44). In this passage, Socrates conveys that because man does not know what the consequences of their own death are, whether it is the worst thing or best thing that can happen to them, it is selfish and irrelevant to let their irrational fears of the unknown interfere with their lifestyle and decisions if they believe themselves to be leading a just and honorable
Instead of establishing justice, many people in the trial let their personal judgments of Socrates establish him as the criminal when he was innocent. The system is not just if people do not focus on the evidence, but rather, they focus on their opinions on the defendant. If the system is not just, then the conclusion is not just. Therefore, Socrates should not accept the conclusions of trial with jurors that did not follow the rules of
Forcing them to think differently, to question things, pushing his strange ideas upon them. This was the considered to be the main reason for his trial, but in truth the assembly just wanted to rid society of Socrates, he was considered a threat for Athenes. Thanks to his ideals, the youths of Athens realised how Athenian democracy was lacking and how weak it was. Socrates’s words “ To start of the trial, Socrates went on to say that he will deal with one accusation at a time, and immediately he pointed out one of the accusations, “be careful not to be deceived by an accomplished speaker like me” (The Apology. Plato.
First and foremost, it fails to adhere to the long-winded rules of imitation. The entire Republic is Plato’s attempts to imitate Socrates and his beliefs. Although Socrates could be considered to be a noble man to imitate and therefore Plato should not cower at imitating him, for he is a “good man...acting in a faultless and intelligent manner,” (396d) there is the presence of bullheaded Thrasymachus to be considered. In addition, Socrates himself engages in many acts of imitation throughout the Republic in his examples and theoretical
The only accounts of the trial of Socrates are rather partial towards Socrates as they are written by Xenophon and Plato. Not much is known about Meletus other than what is told in Plato 's Apology, he is portrayed as the main accuser even though many believe he was a puppet. Meletus is thought to be a religious fanatic who cares more about Socrates ' impiety charges He is also thought to be a poet who was angered by Socrates ' low opinion of poets. Others believe both could be true. Anytus was charged with treason during the Peloponnesian War however he was part of the oligarchy resistance movement making him popular and a high up politician in Athens.
The Apology written by Plato is about the speech of Socrates at the trial in which he is accused and chargef for “corrupting the young” and “not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, but in other daimonian that are novel.” The meaning of the Apology gets from the Greek "apologia," which interprets as to defend, or a speech made to defend oneself. Generally, Socrates talks in a conversational way. He clarifies that he has no involvement with the law courts. He clarifies that his conduct originates from an insight by the prophet at Delphi who guaranteed that he was the wisest of all men. Perceiving his obliviousness in most common undertakings, Socrates reasoned that he should be more clever than other men just in that he realizes that he knows nothing.
Therefore, his tragic flaw is hubris, or excessive pride that causes his transgression again the gods. It also marks the change from democracy to dictatorship. Some of his errors in judgement include making decisions because of narcissism, not including the gods’ law, refusing to bury the body, and condemning Antigone to death in the cave so he is not blamed for disobeying the gods’ law.