The "Apology" by Plato is a story about Socrates, who defended himself against accusers. Socrates was one of the greatest thinkers in ancient Greece and one of the few whose wisdom was noticed. From this story we can learn who Socrates was and what kind of life he had lived. To understand why Socrates deserved to be executed, we should have a view of times before execution. I will provide a brief opening statement.
In Euthyphro of The Trial and Death of Socrates by Plato, Socrates is visiting the court of Athens to learn about their system and customs. During his investigation, Socrates notices that Euthyphro is passing and engages in a conversation with him by questioning his actions. From this dialogue, it 's discovered that Socrates is being charged with corrupting the young and not believing in the gods of the city. Later, in the Apology, Socrates presents an argument against these accusations but it’s found guilty because of his moral beliefs and his inability of code-switching resulting in his sentence to death. Lastly, Socrate beliefs regarding the death penalty and the laws of Athens are revealed in Crito, as he awaits execution.
Crito 's main point is that Socrates should flee Athens because he was sentenced to an unfair trial. Socrates is already of old age, therefore if he were to escape there would not be many years of his life left to enjoy. Crito 's first argument is that Socrates ' death will be a great loss to him. Socrates is a friend and mentor that cannot be easily replaced for Crito. Crito does not refer to Socrates’ wealth, but he means that Socrates is a man of integrity and reflectiveness.
This will display he will avoid the penalty of the law to his convenience when he had followed it for his entire time in Athens, which will further many people’s belief of his bad character. However, the Athenian justice system was flawed. It is not right for Socrates to accept his death as his punishment when many people did not comply with the requirements of the jury to uphold the law because they decided to convict an innocent man to his death with no strong evidence needed. The laws are established with the sole purpose to establish justice. Instead of establishing justice, many people in the trial let their personal judgments of Socrates establish him as the criminal when he was innocent.
Within this essay I will be anylyzing the Crito in Plato’s five dialogues. In this portion of the book, Socrates has been confined in a prison due to his misfortunate trail, where he was unjustly accused of corrupting the youth, and failing to acknowledge the gods that the city acknowledges. Here he waits for his execution, and contemplates escaping prison to save his own life with Crito. Crito, who is a dear friend and follower of Socrates teachings, attempts to sway Socrates away from his decision of accepting his fate. By the end of this conversation Socrates decides to stay on the path God has laid out for him, and go through with his execution.
Socrates last speech Socrates was one of the greatest ancient Athenian philosopher and one of the founders of Western philosophy; he was very famous for creating an argument about ethical concepts and questioning about supernatural powers. Most of Socrates works was collected and wrote by his students like Plato. Socrates was put on a trial as he was charged by his accusers because he was responsible for corrupting the youth. Plus, his impious acts because he does not believe in the gods that the city acknowledges as he introduced new deities and new ideas about gods. During the trial Socrates divided the audience into two groups his accusers and his supporters, and he said different words for each of them.
In Plato’s dialogue Apology, Socrates is standing trial for two crimes; impiety and corrupting the youth. During the three speeches Socrates delivers during his trial he discusses why he is fearless when faced with many of the things humans fear most, including being hated, accused of serious crimes, being threatened with punishment, and being put to death. Being Hated To begin, Socrates does not fear being hated because he understands that the reason why he is disliked is due to his attempt to understand the underlying meaning behind the Oracle of Delphi’s prophecy. When Socrates addresses the anticipated questions about his reputation, he tells the jury the story of his friend Chaerephon who went to the Oracle of Delphi and asked if
The first reason Socrates gives for accepting his death sentence is the fact that Athens has provided him with education. (Crito page 15) Although Socrates thinks this is a just reason, Plato would disagree because Socrates could have become corrupted and bad without proper education. According to Plato, Socrates would have the traits of a philosopher king. Socrates loves the truth, hates the false, is moderate and courageous. (The Republic 485a-486b) Careful analysis of The Crito would prove that Socrates does have those qualities as seen from his determination to stay in prison,
The story, Plato’s Apology, Socrates is on trial for spreading his knowledge on to the youth. On his trial, Socrates defends that he himself is not wise; his wisdom is entirely different from the Athenians. Socrates claims that he gained his reputation from having superhuman wisdom; on the contrary, Socrates cannot describe how he was able to gain that knowledge. As he tries to explain to the
In this paper I will examine why Socrates did not attempt to appease the jury in his Apology. Socrates is put on trial for corrupting the youth and believing in gods other than the gods of the city. I believe he chose not to appease the jury for three reasons: he is a man of pride, he does not fear death and additionally finds it shameful to fear death. Socrates is a man of pride. He has passion for his beliefs and values, and would rather die than give them up.