Reasoning is all the positive and opposing arguments that support or critique the thesis by using logic. Socrates was accused and charged with being a corruptor of the youth and denying the gods of the city but introducing other divinities. Socrates defends his case by using reasoning and logic. Socrates said that if every Athenian improved the youth while only he corrupts them, then is influence should not have a greater effect than all the Athenians. Socrates didn’t corrupt the youth.
Plato's “The Apology of Socrates” is a speech Socrates makes at the trial in which he is charged with not recognizing the gods recognized by the state, inventing new idols, and corrupting the youth of Athens. Socrates' speech, however, is by no means an "apology" in our modern understanding of the word; the name of the dialogue derives from the Greek "apologia," which translates as a defense, or a speech made in defense of the convicted. Thus, in this reading, Socrates attempts to defend himself and his conduct; certainly not to apologize for it. For the most part, Socrates speaks in a very plain, conversational manner towards all his charges that Meletus and Athens has filed against him. He explains that he has no experience with the law
Within the greater work, The Trial and Death of Socrates, Plato identifies fault in the current definition and implementation of Justice when his teacher faces punishment for helping Athens. Silencing Socrates will only make Athens suffer, and Justice must derive from reason. The outcome represents the juror’s lack of understanding, or simple overlooking, of absolute Justice as a direct product of the democratic structure. If not a democracy, the Athenian people would fall more in order with their role in the Whole and would ultimately be more successful. Plato argues Socrates prodes at Athenians to help them, and their conviction against him was due to a personal choice, and thus they fail to work together as a perfect society.
Plato's The Apology is a record of the discourse Socrates makes at the trial in which he is accused of not perceiving the divine beings perceived by the state, developing new gods, and undermining the young of Athens. Socrates' discourse, in any case, is in no way, shape or form a "conciliatory sentiment" in our advanced comprehension of the word. The name of the exchange gets from the Greek "apologia," which deciphers as a guard, or a discourse made in barrier. Hence, in The Apology, Socrates endeavors to shield himself and his behavior - absolutely not to apologize for it. Generally, Socrates talks in a plain, conversational way.
In Plato’s The Trial and Death of Socrates, written in approximately 399 B.C.E., his beloved teacher and mentor, Socrates, fights for his innocence against alleged charges, all of which pertaining to atheism, in the Court of King Archon. Whilst defending himself, Socrates claims to possess “human wisdom,” (Apology, 31), and those prosecuting him to maintain “super-human wisdom” (Apology, 31), for they must retain greater knowledge than he. Despite his alleged shred of this wisdom, he only interests himself with the knowledge of the mortal. Through articulating this, Socrates expounds upon the observances in mortal life, and argues that as a human, one should not concern themselves with what lies beyond death, for there is much to explore in
In this argument, Socrates wants people to stop caring about wealth and the artificial things in life, but rather to focus on body and soul. Moreover, this ties back to Crito because Socrates believed that if he gave up philosophizing he would be abandoning the examined life, and without wisdom or self-knowledge he would be better off
However, Socrates did not and that is because Socrates believes in living a good life and a good life consists of honor, justice and many other good moral qualities. Socrates asked Crito “and is life worth living with a body that is corrupted and in bad condition?”(Plato 50) which then lead to the conclusion that living a good life and obeying the laws is more valuable than escaping prison living a corrupted life. Even though, the good life caused Socrates an early death. Also, breaking the law may result in harming others and according to Socrates harming others can harm the soul. By harming others one is being unjust and unjust deeds harm the soul.
The ‘Apology’ is a form of dialectic philosophy. It illustrates the charges brought upon Socrates and the self-defense he demonstrates during the trial. Socrates is accused of ‘corruption of the youth’ and ‘impiety’. Socrates is found guilty of having faith in the wrong Gods and Meletus accuses him of not acknowledging the sun and moon as gods but as masses of stone. Socrates is accused of studying things in heaven and below the earth.
Those who possess great knowledge are often praised among society. They are viewed as leaders of the future as they assume the raw knowledge will lead us towards a greater life. While the ignorant eyes focus on the intelligent, the wise become overlooked. Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave” portrays how philosophers struggle with others as they are often ignored or shunned for their different views. The “Book of Job” from the Old Testament also shows the ignorance that is apparent in the world as common people tend to stick to what they know.
In this paper I will examine why Socrates did not attempt to appease the jury in his Apology. Socrates is put on trial for corrupting the youth and believing in gods other than the gods of the city. I believe he chose not to appease the jury for three reasons: he is a man of pride, he does not fear death and additionally finds it shameful to fear death. Socrates is a man of pride. He has passion for his beliefs and values, and would rather die than give them up.