However Plato stated that senses could fool a person but Aristotle believed that senses are required to establish reality in a proper way. This was very clearly explained in the Allegory of cave conceived by Plato. He was of the view that world was like a cave and people assume that shadows from the outside light is the only reality. But Aristotle gave a solution that walking out of the cave and experiencing the reasons for those shadows is the
It is one of the most perceptive attempts to explain the nature of reality. The state of most human beings is depicted in this myth of the cave and the tale of a thrilling exit from the cave is the source of true understanding. Plato has portrayed the concept of reality and illusion through the allegory of the cave. One of Socrates' and also of Plato's, chief ideas was that of forms, which explains that the world is made up of reflections of more perfect and ideal forms. In the Cave
Plato, a well-known mathematician and a central figure in philosophy, laid the foundation stones of Western Philosophy (along with Socrates and Aristotle). Alfred North Whitehead once said, “the safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato.” Plato realises that in general, humanity can go on leading a life which is greatly understood. For example, he finds truth in his world of forms and thinks that the general populace can think, and speak, and may not even acknowledge any awareness of Plato’s world of forms. He explains his thoughts in the Allegory of The Cave which is presented as a fictional dialogue between Socrates and Plato’s brother. First, he likes all the people in the world to prisoners in a cave, bounded by heavy links of iron.
The fundamental difference between the two is that Plato approaches reality through rational inquiry and regards love as mediator between the two worlds. Its goal is to find truth, which is objective, impersonal and outside the human soul, only to be looked and admired like a perfect piece of “art”. While as Rumi’s idea of love is irrational. In Rumi love and reason are contradictory. Reason for Rumi is light and a guide, but love is the goal.
The first concept both share is the philosophy that humans accept the reality that is presented to them. In Plato’s allegory, three prisoners are chained and unable to see behind themselves. With a fire roaring in the cave, the prisoners see only the shadows of those passing by. The story then explains that if a prisoner were to escape, he would be unable to see because the sun would be too bright outside the cave. But, when adjusted to the sun, the prisoner can see the world as it truly is, not just as the shadows in the cave.
There is saying “you can wake a person who is sleeping but you can't wake a person who pretend to be sleeping.” The apharism is, that the greatest enemy of knowledge is not ignorance but illusion of knowledge. The credit for this famous apharisms goes to 2 poeple- Daniel .j. Boostrin , american historian and Stephen Hawkings, an english cosmicologist . The illusion Of knowledge can be linked to the maxim " Little knowledge is dangerous thing". Lets first understand what the illusion of knowledge is and how it is dangerous illusion of one's faulty, subjective , unscientific , unapproved , vagues and dubious assumption about a thing, fact or
Essential question: What does Plato’s Allegory of the Cave reveal about his and Socrates’ ideas regarding knowledge in society? What do these ideas reveal about Plato’s and Socrates’ attitudes towards themselves and others? Plato’s Allegory of the Cave appears in the author’s extended work, Republic. The brief Book VII discusses three shackled prisoners who represent the condition into which Plato and Socrates believe all humans are born, and the escapee personifies those curious and bold philosophers who dare to look at the world in new ways. The Allegory of the Cave illustrates Plato’s and Socrates’ belief that the onerous processes of obtaining, possessing, and sharing knowledge are reserved for the robust and wise members of society: philosophers who possess the strength and motivation to bear the burden associated with truth.
Knowledge gained through our senses is very opinionated and thus is not valuable enough. In the dialogue, Socrates asks Glaucon to imagine a cave. Inside the cave are prisoners who are chained up so that their legs and necks are immobile and they are made to face a wall. Behind them is a fire and between the fire and the prisoners is a wall/walkway on which puppeteers are trespassing with objects in their hand. These objects are in the shape of human and animal figures and also everyday objects.
“Allegory of the Cave” is what Plato thought about human perception. He believes knowledge is no more than an opinion that one believes is the absolute truth. I believe that “Allegory of the Cave” does relate to life today by our perceptions on different ideas. In the story, the prisoners knew to believe the shadows of the pots, statues and sculptures are real. When the prisoners when told differently, they do not believe what he said because it goes against everything the prisoners were taught.