Again, Plato is addressing the idea that a person's inner virtues are worth more than the circumstances that attempt to govern him. In The Republic, Plato moves to have Socrates debate the multitude of traits that can lead to a “just” man who can really live the good life. “The happiest man is he who is first in goodness and justice, namely the true king who is also king over himself.” (Plato) In view of this quote, Plato is making the affirmation the ideal life of prosperity is only achieved through holding true to one’s self. All of these writings come from the logic of what is judged, not by the situation of events, but by relation of someone’s
Socrates uses reasoning and logic throughout his trial. I believe that Socrates is innocent because he defends himself truthfully with effect. He uses sound arguments and he is passionate about philosophy. Socrates did nothing to gain in life and did not want a high social standing. Socrates is fair and uses correct methods of arguments by uncovering the
In his book “The Republic”, Plato argues vis-à-vis Socrates that the philosopher is, in fact, the happiest person. He draws this conclusion when he compares it against that of a money-lover and an honour-lover. This paper will expound on the argument put forth by Socrates and in doing so will provide the reasons for my support of his argument. In Book 9 of “The Republic”, Socrates wants to find out the type of person that enjoys the most pleasant life and therefore, suggests that the soul of each individual be divided into three parts: the appetitive, the spirited and the rational. He corresponds each of these to people and categorizes them into three different kinds, based on what part rules them.
Socrates approaches people in an attempt to find out why the oracle of Delphi told him he is the wisest man of all (Plato, n.d.). He doesn 't believe to be wise, but at the same time, he acknowledges that the god of Delphi doesn 't lie (Plato, n.d.), so he embarks in a journey to discover the meaning of wisdom. He probes other men to try and find out whether or not their arguments are sound, and to what point he can actually challenge their logic. He comes to the conclusion that he actually cannot find a wiser man, but this does not change his fundamental idea that he himself has no knowledge. The Good Brahmin comes to a similar conclusion, saying that he is “ignorant of everything” (Voltaire, 1926).
In the theory of Forms of Plato he believes in the great height, health, and been strong, are the truth within the essential things instead of the beautiful and good things. The hypothesis of the forms consist of comparing the consequence in life and to secure a higher hypothesis. Socrates not giving a true explanation of consequences states of the soul the following: "the attributes applied to the soul can be occupied to whatever the life causes are as been essential but can 't lose. The soul is not compatible which states that is immortal. Phadeo and Plato state to the concept of tallness and health etc, that knowledge can 't be obtain by perception of not many evidence for the exist of some kinds of Forms.
Thrasymachus continues to claim his position but in a modified form of his first argument, after Socrates commented. Being unjust, Thrasymachus thinks, is better than being just because it 's stronger and leads to a more happy life. As before he, he only takes into consideration only the advantages or disadvantages of being just, and he doesn 't discuss what 's justice or how it plays a role in people. Essentially, this definition is an extreme extension of the previous one. The example he gives that a tyrant gets happy through being unjust and controlling draws us back to his first argument saying that ‘ruling being the advantage of the stronger '.
Throughout the development of philosophy, Plato, famous student of Socrates, has always been widely considered one of the most influential philosophical figures of all time. One of his most prominent contributions to the philosophical world is his establishment of the “Theory of Forms”. Plato’s Theory of Forms is primarily based on what is real and what is not. What is real is thought to be perfect, however, something can not be real or perfect as it is always changing. He explained that the forms are very different to their appearances and "The World of Forms" can only be understood by those who seek knowledge, not by the ignorant.
I am going to discuss these ideas as I think that doing injustice is not as bad as suffering injustice. Socrates in his dialogue was pushing further with the idea that it is worse to do injustice than to suffer injustice, a clime which was objected by Polus. For Polus says that many people who do injustice are happy, but Socrates insists otherwise. Socrates focuses on Eudaimonia, which means happiness, as the main objective to reach. Thus the people who do injustice like kings and tyrants are unhappy.
Selflessness is depicted in this quote by Socrates insisting that the philosopher kings living the same way of life as their subjects. They must not live above them, for this would cause an unbalance in life within the Kallipolis. Living among their subjects as one of them shows the true selflessness that a philosopher king must have in order to keep the community as a whole balanced and happy. Intelligence and wisdom can also be found in the above quote when referring to how the philosopher kings must guide their subjects because they are not as wise or intelligent as the philosopher kings. The laborers and working class will need guidance from the wisest and most intelligent among them in order to become a perfect society.
The philosopher Socrates and his thought process have shaped Greek philosophical thinking for generations. He is revered by academics and feared by others due to his complex method of thinking and attempt to understand the deeper workings of life. He believes that knowledge is directly related to virtue so in order to live a virtuous life one must seek knowledge. The main goal of Socrates’ philosophical work and teaching was not to get someone to realize a particular fact but rather to entice philosophical thinking and ultimately strive for perfection of the human character. The Socratic method was just a means to an end for Socrates and the end was this excellence.