Chad Blenz PHI 385-1 27 September 2016 Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle on Educational Foundation and its Societal Role Socrates, Plato and Aristotle—three philosophers that laid the foundation for Western philosophy as we know it today. Their ideologies and approaches have proven a strong foundation for much western philosophy that has followed, particularly in regards to education and its current role in modern society. Socrates led the way with his push for truth and further reasoning, paving the road for Plato’s idealistic outlook, which led to the realistic view of Aristotle—each philosophy carving a new meaning and role of education within society. In this chain of teacher-student relationships, Socrates’ teachings directly shaped Plato’s and in turn Aristotle’s philosophy towards education and not only its meaning but also its role within society. The oldest of the three philosophers, Socrates, was born 470 BCE and passed in 399 BCE.
The republic is an enquiry into the nature of justice. This required redesigning the polis from first principles. Plato argued that truly good conduct and the truly good state have to be based on true knowledge of things in themselves; that is, of the forms or ideas that underlie the world of appearances. Plato seems to have had an unlimited faith in the power of the mind. Plato was looking at justice starting from the individual and then, to make things clearer, in the state.
These are questions that have been pursued through the ages and in this essay, I will be investigating the theory behind the identification of my own signature strengths and corresponding virtues as proposed by Seligman and Peterson (2004), touching on the ideas behind the theory of positive psychology (Peterson, 2006). I will examine how these strengths affect my life, briefly contemplate weakness and the ‘shadow’ sides of my attributes, as first described by C.G Jung (1953) and finally, investigate how my strengths might be developed. Martin Seligman (1998 as cited in Compton & Hoffman, 2013) while president of the American Psychological Association (AMA) reminded psychologists of the following: “Psychology is not just the study of weakness and damage; it is also the study of strength and virtue. Treatment is not just fixing what is broken; it is nurturing what is best within us.” (p. 1). Seligman conceived the term Positive Psychology (Lopez, Teramoto Pedrotti, & Snyder, 2015), a concept with ideas that goes beyond the balance and principle ascribed by Aristotle; aiming to develop individual strength and subscribing to the idea of living a good life, focusing on what is already working with an individual and what is
To what extent could Plato’s Republic be or not be justifiably characterized as a closed and authoritarian society without freedom? To begin with, the absolute theoretical basis required for complete understanding of the question and the further speculation on it consists of two important books: “The Republic” by Plato, where the philosopher introduces his conception of an “ideal state” and “The Open Society and its Enemies” by Karl Popper, the summarizing and systematizing overview of the original text. Let us start by considering Plato`s theory of ideal state. The main goal of Plato`s ideal state is an achievement of common good and happiness through the implementation of Idea of justice. By Plato, justice can only exist if every person
INTRODUCTION In this essay I will be discussing the philosophies and educational philosophies studied. I will identify similarities and differences as well as provide an explanation for the differences in philosophies and ideologies. WHAT IS PHILOSOPHISING EDUCATION ALL ABOUT? Philosophising education would be to express or discuss a matter from a philosophical manner. Idealism focuses on how ideal things are in a perfect manner; its central belief is true reality.
In the second form, he believes that everyone and everything has a purpose and that one 's action is morally right or wrong depending on the effect of that purpose. Today as I study Plato 's work, I 'm learning from his philosophies and the impact it has on his
In book 7 of Plato's Republic the protagonist Socrates provides readers with two variations of Education. For simplification , we shall call these educations “the education of shadows” and “education of dialect”. At 518 c socrates provides us with a definition of the education of shadows: “putting knowledge into souls that lack it”. Back in the allegory of the cave, we see the effect this education has on the human soul. It is described as “ the truth is nothing other than the shadows of artifacts” 515 c. What plato is trying to get readers to understand is that an education of shadows provides the bare minimum.
Plato’s Apology Response Paper Introduction The response paper on The Apology will discuss the various ideas that Socrates came up with in his book. First and foremost, the essay will discuss his philosophy regarding human traits such as human wisdom, an excellent speaker, death and unexamined life. The above Socrates ideas are significant in human lives, and therefore I will explain my opinion relating to them. In the climax, the response paper will discuss how these ideas and teachings have affected the world at large, having read the book. Socrates Ideas, Values and Meanings Socrates philosophy talks about several values accredited to human beings.
Comparatively, Socrates is a great philosopher who wrote the philosophical dialogue Meno. This dialogue analyzes the form of virtue. I shall address why the search for meaning is the primary motivation in one’s life and how the search for meaning pertains to Socrates philosophical dialogue Meno. In this essay, we will first examine how Frankl found meaning in his life, then we will study how achieving significance satisfies our will to meaning, finally we will look at how the search for meaning relates to Meno. To begin, I will be explaining how Frankl found meaning in his life despite the harsh conditions of the concentration camps.
Indeed in Plato’s ideal republic the state’ laws are replaced by the “philosopher king’s” law. These philosopher kings were to be trained and would do so through rationally perceived dictates of ultimate virtue. They would cease to be encumbered by the various legal forms but instead become characterised by wisdom and be accepted through its very excellence. The closest Plato nears to the concept of natural law theory is in the Republic whereby he analogises health, as the natural order of the body, and justice as the natural order of things within the state, and in his discussion of the formal idea of justice as “just by nature” and finally in Laws, in which the Athenian Stranger, discussing how one would establish a state in which laws have a greater power than the rulers, proposes to speak about divine law which would supply the need for a governing higher