Ironically, as the causes of more events were understood, this led to a greater recognition that many events still could not be understood, promoting wider belief in magic and the supernatural and a changed understanding of what witchcraft involved. For example, leaders accused witches of causing the black plague (Witchcraft in the Elizabethan Era 20). More broadly, accused witches were charged with having used dark forces to cause adverse events and to torture others. The definition of witchcraft came to include the idea that witches were ‘demon worshipers’ who worshiped the devil and used his magic. Not surprisingly, Shakespeare’s writing strongly reflected ideas about witchcraft in his time.
Using torture as a way to extract evidence is an inhumane way to treat those under accusation. The argument that a confession given under these circumstances is legitimate, is a false claim. This is due to the victim's mindset being compromised from the extreme and extensive methods of torture. Another example of the unacceptable evidence used in court against those accused is the presence of the “devil’s mark”. “The belief was that the devil branded the bodies of witches with symbolic yet concrete corporeal malformations such as marks and growths” (Darr, 361).
During this time, Puritanism was very prominent, along with the belief in God. Puritanism had strict rules and views that were followed by many people. According to the reference article “Mental Illness and Psychiatry”, all behavior was considered or created by the will of God, but deviant behavior was considered as an illness brought on by the devil. In the same way, Beatriz Quintanilla wrote in her article “Witchcraft or Mental Illness?” that witchcraft is linked to devious powers.
The Devil as a Personified Doubt in The Brothers Karamazov In The Brother’s Karamazov, Fyodor Dostoevsky ambiguously presents the existence of God and the existence of the Devil. Through Ivan Fyodorovich, a rationalist and an adamant skeptic of religion, Dostoevsky wrestles with the idea of an all-loving God, and draws upon the idea that the Grand Inquisitor supports the intentions of the Devil. In this paper, I will discuss the existence of the Devil as a “personal” entity rather than a “real” figure by drawing conclusions from Ivan’s philosophy articulated in “The Grand Inquisitor” and Ivan’s encounter with the Devil incarnated in “The Devil. Ivan Fyodorovich’s Nightmare.”
Boer and Nissenbaum argued that the witch trials could have begun because of the social tensions between the Pro Parris and Anti Parris. Adding to his sermon about Judas as a devil in the form of a man may have influenced the Salem Village people, especially close members of the church, mostly the Pro-Parris faction, to accept the notion that witchcraft was
Nathaniel Hawthorne’s brilliant novel, The Scarlet Letter uses hypocrisy to illustrate the corruption within the Puritan religion. Hawthorne’s novel specifically illustrates the injustices of the Puritan religion before, and after The Salem Witch trials of 1692. Most of Hawthorne’s characters did something hypocritical to further develop their character and emotions. Hawthorne uses real historical people to prove his points; including Hester Prynne, Reverend Dimmesdale, and Doctor Chillingworth. All of these characters have either been a victim of hypocrisy or have been exposed by hypocrisy by Nathaniel Hawthorne.
Individuals go against the government for numerous reasons, one being their own beliefs. For example, Reverend Hale has gone against the court as to protect his own beliefs seeing as how witchcraft, the thing that secured his spot in the court
In his book, William Shakespeare, Terry Eagleton offers a controversial insight to the role of the Witches in Macbeth. Eagleton views the Witches as the heroines of the drama for exposing the truth about the hierarchal social order describing it as, the pious self-deception of a society based on routine oppression and incessant warfare (Eagleton 1986:2). This essay will explore the implications of Eagleton’s insights, showing that even though they are controversial and original, they can very well be accurate. This will be done taking into consideration the historical context of the play, the role of the Witches as agents of fate and darkness, as well as the influence of masculinity and a hierarchal social order in the play. William Shakespeare wrote Macbeth during the early 1600s.
Christian view Satan as a belief or theory of evil, which his personality cannot be seen. They admit that Jesus and his disciples without any physical existence or personality. (Christian
There was also the cause of the beliefs of the Puritans, this people was following what for them was the right thing and their own religions. Is very dangerous when people have a lack of knowledge about something or does not too much about, others can influence their own beliefs. All those reasons were very important for the Salem Witch Trial during the 1692. All these causes together are very important because for example if there was not happening a bad economy for some people, it probably this event would had not occurred. This is like the French Revolution when the Enlightenment Era was one of the majors reason for the French Revolution.
There was a dark and evil force lurking around, known as the Devil. He could enter the body of a potential recruit if they happen to be weak-willed or practicing witchcraft. The recruits were called witches if female and wizards if they were a
Just as the Wars of Religion could have spawned the witch hunt across the Atlantic Ocean, Stanislav Andreski, as referenced by Jensen, thoroughly argues that the New England Witch hunts were initiated by the syphilitic shock from the 16th to 18th centuries. The scapegoat theory above relies on the idea of an disruption in society to introduce the alienation of groups, which this shock unquestionably does. An epidemic disease would have without doubt instilled fear into the colonists, especially due to their lack of knowledge about as well as the means to treat the disease. Finally, Andreski argues that the “sexual depravity” inherently associated with the spread of sexually transmitted diseases further ties the syphilitic shock to the pursuit of witches.
In the late 1600s, many unspeakable things happened in the Massachusetts Bay Colony due to some people’s ways. In Arthur Miller’s play, The Crucible, there is a wide range of characters with a variety of conflicting personalities. A crucible is a situation of severe trial leading to the creation of something new. The play tells a story of a town’s obsession with accusing innocent people of witchcraft through an unrealistic test. This play is important because of its historical content relating the Salem witch trials to the Red Scare.
Various gothic elements are depicted by the following gothic writers: Washington Irving, Richard Matheson and Edgar Allan Poe; elements such as: entrapment and supernatural characteristics are illustrated in the short stories: “The Devil and Tom Walker;” “Prey;” and “The Raven.” Entrapment was a significant element represented in all of the short stories aforementioned. In, “The Devil and Tom Walker,” soon after Tom Walker established his broker’s shop in Boston “he made money hand over hand, became a rich and mighty man, and exalted his cocked hat upon "Change." He built himself, as usual, a vast house, out of ostentation, but left the greater part of it unfinished and unfurnished, out of parsimony. He even set up a carriage in the fulness of his vain-glory, though he nearly starved the horses which drew it”(Irving 326).