The author wanted to pattern and group the characters in such a way that emphasizes the negative characteristics that was prominently observed within this time period. Levitt (2011), describes Fitzgerald as grouping the characters according to their social differences in order to demonstrate the corruption present within American society. It is a novel of a depressing class struggle. Characters like Tom and
In Mark Twain’s novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Twain uses satire to bring attention to the problems in the society of that time period. These ideas include hypocrisy, government, and racism. All of these items were presented in the time period of which Huck Finn lived in, and Twain despised how people engaged in these acts on a daily basis. He used his satire to criticize society and its flaws for the greater good of human nature. First and foremost, Twain wrote these satirical scenes to bring attention to the problems of society in hopes they would try to correct them.
Charles Dickens’ novels are usually set in the backdrop of the industrial age and Hard Times is no exception. Dickens presents “a criticism of the ‘Hard Facts’ philosophy and of the society which he believed increasingly to be operating on the principles of that philosophy” (Arneson 60). He puts forward the fictional setting of Coketown as a living factory that epithomises the “satanic industrialism […] derive[d] from an inhuman application of geo-metrically abstract principles in society, education, and religion” (Bornstein 159). Such society is thus in itself a regulated machine and unwilling to accept social change. Considering Dickens’ criticism of utilitarianism, it is therefore unusual that the narrative in Hard Times remains ambiguous
This is done in order to create a dark and malevolent tone to associate with the Puritan Religion. This is first scene in Hawthorne’s introductory to the novel, when he describes of his ancestors as having, “ the Puritanic traits, both good and evil” (15). Here, Hawthorne introduces a negative connotation with the Puritan Religion by associating the word, “evil”, with the beliefs of Puritan Culture. From here on out, the audience views the Puritans as the antagonist of a peaceful society. Hawthorne then follows his beliefs expressed in his introduction when he displays how members of the Puritan Society treat Hester for going against the beliefs of their conservative views.
Ngugi works are characterized by criticism against European unacceptable law and injustice. Petals of Blood revolve around ruthless capitalist and deals with issues like land, history, education and exploitation. Religion in both novels is used as a tool to enslave the mind and soul of natives. Ngugi in his works like The Trial of Dedan Kimathi, Petals of Blood, Detained and Matigari has focused on the plights of the oppressed because it is the fiction that could rouse the consciousness of the masses. Ngugi works for the change in society that kind of society which promotes unequal social order.
For Nietzsche, it is a moral principle that involves self – sacrifice. It was from a stern ideal because it betrays oneself from life. In his The Genealogy of Morality, he offers a new critique of moral values through an investigation of the origin. He states that moral values originated from the ‘pathos’ of ancient people which also gave rise to the concept of ‘bad’. The concept of altruism begins with the ‘slave revolt in morality’; wherein “ressentiment itself becomes creative and gives birth to values.” The considered bad are those who are powerless to express their feelings thereby causing hostility to end their frustration and suffering.
In the book, Towards a Revolutionary Theatre, Dutt observes that, ‘We have seen plays which begin with a fierce attack on the ruling class and end in a whimper of complaint for better treatment, as if the ruling class is basically kind and will listen to this plea’ (Dutt 74). He categorized these plays as the semi-bourgeois or the anti-establishment plays. According to Dutt, ‘the revolutionary theatre must, by definition, preach revolution’ (Dutt 74) to execute ‘a radical overthrow of the political power of the bourgeois-feudal forces, a thorough destruction of their state machine’ (Dutt 74). He considered it crucial to depict the ruling class as a ruthless enemy and to focus on the urgent need for revolution in order to transform the contemporary social system. In this context, one may refer to Rustom Bharucha’s observations in Rehearsals of Revolution: The Political Theatre of
Has God ever expressed his opinion? Despite its commitment to impartiality, French realism becomes an attack, an intellectual condemn, upon the abuses and corruptions of society, the arena where the hero is tested. Zola wrote Le Ventre de Paris, which is a direct attack against France and Napoleon the Third the day after The Commune, Flaubert after having described the dingy events of outskirts, unequivocal symbol of bourgeoisie behavior, declares, Madame Bovary se moi. Consequently, the text is a denounce of a social order in which human beings are forced to exploit or being exploited, the existential failure, the majority of them incur into, is a labyrinthine outcome where environmental determinism goes along with the weakness of the protagonists. Chinese postmodern realism, following the path traced by French realism, conquers the reader by describing the ugliness of life.
Manto was so far-sighted. He portrayed the darkness of human psyche as humanist values declined during Partition years. Though this story depicted the sectarian killings during Partition, it is still contemporary. And while writing the self-critical thing (the boys belonged to his side of the border) enforces the true nature of his works of those times. He mirrored the hypocrisy that surrounds the evil in society.
He has also learned the evils of his society and in addition to rejecting them; he has begun a war against them. In following Prometheus on his quest to find himself, Anthem illustrates the evils of collectivism by depicting a society of frightened and oppressed men, crushed under the needs of the common good. Why did these rules exist? Why is there