Analysis Of Russian Formalism

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Russian Formalism is like any other theory and contains and object of study, a main hypothesis and certain terms connected to the theory, but somewhere there is also problems. All these will be presented in this essay. Russian Formalism's object of study has to do with distinguishing literary texts from other types of texts. The distinction is more between the difference in language, for example literary and non-literary, poetic and ordinary, and aesthetic and standard language. The main hypothesis of the Russian Formalism theory is that there is a difference between poetic or literary language from ordinary language, because of the deviation in poetic or literary language from ordinary language. Formal devices make the deviation from ordinary…show more content…
According to the Russian Formalists defarmiliarisation of ordinary language means that the language becomes unfamiliar to use because of the way it is being used, we have to pay extra attention to it then to understand what the poet or author is trying to say. The Russian formalists say that the language used is then foregrounded. It means that the way language is used became more important than the content. An effect of defamiliarisation and foregrounding of language is that we experience words in new ways, instead of it just being a word we feel it. The second cause of deviation is automatisation. Automatisation of language happens when a certain phrases or use of words becomes common. People started to expect defamilliarisation in poems and expected there to be new words and phrases in poems. Poetic and literary language is all about new ways to use language, but over time as more people us those ways; automatisation occurs and a once innovative and unique ways becomes…show more content…
Firstly, there is the problem that formal devices are not only used in poems, but non-literary texts as well. For example, they are used in advertisements in headings and slogans, &c. This means that the use of devices can’t be used as a condition for it being a poem. The Russian Formalists knew this and said that the language of literary and poetic works is foregrounded, wherein example advertisements, it is not about the language, but the message. This might not be a valuable reason because message contains form (language) and meaning (message), not just the one or the other. The second problem is the Russian Formalists tried to show, by intrinsic factors alone, how literary or poetic works and language can be distinguished from other texts and forms of language. This is not possible because poems have external deviation as well, through the difference in the use of language from ordinary language and the readers' understanding and noticing the difference, which means that it is not entirely intrinsic. Another problem is that Russian Formalism show only that the intrinsic, formal features are an insufficient condition for an aesthetic object, but not if it’s
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