Analysis Of Social Construction Of Reality By Berger And Mannheim

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Social Construction of Reality by Berger and Luckmann deals with knowledge of everyday which is a kind of knowledge that enables us to know basic things like where we are, what we are doing, who we are and so on. It accounts to the knowledge of everythingthat concerns a person, people around him/her and his/her relationships within the society. Throughtheir work, Berger and
Luckmann come up witha theory which would explain how a certain body of knowledge comes to be identified as “reality”. The term “reality” here refers to something which is external to an observer and the term “knowledge” is a form ofinterpretation of reality. They start building their work where the object of their analyses is the “reality of everyday life”. They drew their work by building on some influential sociologists like George Herbert and Karl Mannheim (Chauduri, class notes, 2014).
One of the main figures who influenced Berger and Luckmann was Mannheim. Mannheim had made a significant contribution to the study of sociology of knowledge. Sociology of knowledge is a field that analyzes how the knowledge and existence are related to each other. Mannheim’s main goal was to determine the link between thought and action (Ritzer, 1996). In other words the way one thinks is dependent on the society in which one grew up. Mannheim mainly dealt with the way “how one actually thinks” (Ritzer, 1996). He believed that an individual’s behaviour is
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