Comparing Socrates Apology And Jeremiah's Prophecies

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Many controversial opinions arise during times of societal transformation. Although separated by space and time, Socrates's Apology and Jeremiah's prophecies are two messages that aim to initiate changes in society. Despite their common goal, Socrates's daimon argument is in direct conflict with Jeremiah's single God prophecy. The two also diverge in how they support their claims, in their focus on internal motivation versus external actions, and the outcome of their critiques. In this paper, I argue Socrates's statement is stronger than Jeremiah's in almost every aspect and provide the justification for this claim. In the Apology, Socrates is put on trial and ultimately found guilty of two charges: (1) corruption of the youth, and (2)…show more content…
Due to distinctions in various aspects mentioned previously, it is clear that the outcomes of their criticisms are also different. Particularly, the roles that Socrates and Jeremiah play in their societies is a determining factor. Socrates is an ingrained part of Athens and describes himself as a "gift to the city by the god." He is well-known for working with people, educating others, and guiding Athenians to adopt a life of goodness. This is exemplified by the close vote such that "a mere thirty votes had been [cast] different, [Socrates] would have been acquitted." Furthermore, his close friends and followers who agree with his way of living also testify to Socrates's success in achieving his goal. Contrasted to Socrates's relatively gradual, inwardly approach to effect change, Jeremiah's approach is abrupt and harsh, threatening the onset of disaster if Israelites do not obey God's will. Jeremiah's message was poorly received and the reason for this is twofold. First, Jeremiah is disconnected from the society he criticizes because of his divine appointment; thus, he lacks the understanding of the commoners that Socrates possesses. Second, Jeremiah's prophecy foretells an undesirable future and is delivered in a condescending manner that can provoke anger in others. To put it another way: if Socrates's strategy

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