Browning as a Moralist and Religious Teacher Abasyn Univeristy, Peshawar, Pakistan Author: Alam Zeb Alamzeb.firstname.lastname@example.org Abstract As a moralist and religious preacher, Browning held an extremely particular spot among the essayists of Victorian Age. He lectured God and Immortality as the focal truths of his theory of life and he lectured them as one completely guaranteed of their existence. His verse was all through a dissent against the cynical state of mind incited by that invalidation. The despairing, wavering soul so frequently communicated by Tennyson, discovers no spot in his verse. 'Trust hard in the unpretentious thing that is soul' was the note of his message to his era.
Let me take a pinch of snuff. It is really excellent — first-rate! (Lavrin) Gogol depicts this character as realizing “this isn 't real”, such evil spirits don 't really exists, convincing himself that all that is happening, cannot really be happening. Adding excuses as to why this may be happening such as, “I have drunk a little too much”, leaving the reader wondering if such actions are happening or being imagined. The theme of The Viy is also recognized in a following quote where Gogol exhibits prose giving a flow of actions and portrayal as the witch comes after Thomas, he gives the reader a sense of
‘Positive characters … usually prove miserably ineffectual when contending with ruthless overwhelming powers’ claims Amin Malak, noting on such protagonists as Winston Smith and Offred in George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four and Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale, and, when looking at the dystopian genre as a whole, he certainly seems to be correct. Dystopian fiction does seem to portray the worse side of human nature than the better, leaving the positive traits to the struggling protagonists. While utopian writers seemed to think that the essence of human nature was to do good, dystopian writers seem to think very differently and it is from this notion that these novels seem to be written. Nineteen Eighty-Four certainly seems to do this, with almost every member of the society representing one or more negative aspects of humanity. Throughout the novel, Winston constantly references the fact that ‘Today there were fear, hatred and pain’ and that in this society of Ingsoc ‘No emotion was pure, because everything was mixed up with fear and hatred’ and this is displayed in many, various ways.
In addition, it is in the imaginary stage that this subject is handed down the necessary knowledge, sexual knowledge. Bertha holds this sexual knowledge, but she alienated due to the influence of the phallus presented as Mr. Rochester the head of Thornfield. Jane adds to this alienation through her rejection of this knowledge as deviant. Thus, Jane’s psychosexual development appears to be fissured generating a clash between her conventionality and bald defiance that run through the narrative. Unlike Jane, the narrator identifies with the late lady much to Maxim’s discomfort and disapproval welcoming her female sexual knowledge necessary for her sexual maturity and entry to the symbolic order.
He went several times to Russia, Europe, and especially England, but when abroad he would frequently long for home. Steinbeck 's novel East of Eden was published in (1952) . The book’s title comes from Genesis 4:1–16. Steinbeck examines the repetitive punishment for errors in human choices. Nonetheless, many early critics judged East of Eden a literary disaster, blaming Steinbeck for not understanding the biblical story and the American experience.
Joseph Fontenrose, however, criticizes Steinbeck’s message as contradictory and convoluted, with no clear relationship between good and evil. In the novel East of Eden, contrary to Fontenrose’s criticism, Steinbeck portrays the relationship between good and evil as an inherent part of the human condition, shown through his characters as they struggle with their choices and ultimate path, providing an understanding of humanity within the biblical struggle generation after generation must face. Steinbeck delineates good and evil as attributes present in everyone, existing from birth, and asserts that both are resolute and immutable in their existence. “Humans are caught… in a net of good and evil,” (Steinbeck 413). From the moment Adam and Eve ate the forbidden fruit, humans were doomed to have both good and evil inside of them, without any ability to truly overcome the evil.
Various theological interpretations have been done and are available but to me, this book was always about that little tinker of hope which keeps shimmering through dark paths of hopelessness. It can be seen as the struggle of a man to achieve salvation, freedom from the worldly vortex he is struck in. The name of the messenger as Barnabas, the chapter named ’Arrival’ or the public shaming of Amalia and her fam- ily all point towards religious attachments in the text. While reading the story, it feels like the roots lie deep within ourselves also, for we in society as a whole are quite similar in nature to the village, governed by the un- questionable belief of god and his miracles and any non-compliant person is ridiculed and mistreated. The novel ﬁnds utility in the futile attempts of K. to reach the Castle and we are never really sure what K. wants after reaching the Castle or was he even seriously a land surveyor at all.
Catherine Earnshaw is a character at war with herself. Her conflicting turns of character make her at once complex, confusing and interesting. Her co-stars, Heathcliff and Edgar, are so ridiculously polarized, so simple and predictable, that consideration of Catherine both encompasses and overwhelms them. The notion that Edgar could tend quietly to his books while Catherine starves, or that Heathcliff could, by sheer force of passion, will himself to die, seems to hint that perhaps these two characters are intended as satirical commentary on two sides of the human spectrum. Catherine contains a little of both: there is some of Heathcliff, the passionate ruffian in her, and there is also a touch of the effete nobleman that Edgar represents in
Madness as Identity Fragmentation The main focus of this essay is to prove that the madness experienced by a few of the characters in Wide Sargasso Sea is not necessarily an inherent mental illness, but rather a consequence of the stress that colonialism, patriarchy and/or the consequence of existing between spaces has placed on the identity of each of the individuals. Madness in this sense is the fragmentation of an identity, something that both Antoinette and Rochester experience as they find themselves displaced in the world of Wide Sargasso Sea. Wide Sargasso Sea is a complex post-colonial feminist text. The story is deeply psychological, and offers insight into a story never told. It was written to be the voice for the silenced and marginalized
Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni’s The Palace of Illusions retells the Mahabharata through the eyes of Draupadi. The title itself serves as a general metaphor for life. “Maya” is an illusion that we humans continue to sustain with much efforts and pains, through conflicts, meanness, and humiliation, while we certainly lack understanding about the laws that govern our lives. This novel positions its readers even more completely in a world that is old and new, magical and real at the same time. Its importance for studies lies partly in what it tells us of the epic’s popular reception and partly for its potential to enliven our reading of the original.