As the digital age comes upon us, more and more Americans become dissatisfied with the state of literacy in this generation. Because the Internet paves the way for shorter and shorter interactions, namely articles versus novels and six-second viral videos versus films, many people that grew up in the age of the Internet have a preference for this condensed form of entertainment. Dana Gioia of The New York Times asserts in his essay “Why Literature Matters” that the decline of reading in America is destined to have a negative impact on society as a whole.
When we look at lifetime earnings-the sum of earnings over a career-the total premium is $570,000 for a bachelor’s degree and $170,000 for an associate’s degree.” (pg.211 para. 1) This is an extremely effective use of logos to persuade as to why getting a college degree can yield “a tremendous return” (pg.211 para. 1), as the Hamilton Project stated. This is so effective because the authors lay all the numbers out right in front of the readers regarding lifetime earnings achieved through bachelor’s degrees, associates degrees, and high school diplomas. The authors gathered research from the Hamilton Project and also created graphs to provide the reader with the facts and statistics they need to make their own decision whether they should go to college or not. When the provided data is considered, it’s hard to see why someone wouldn’t choose to attend college and earn a degree. The authors were successful in achieving the goal of getting their point across by simply stating hard undisputed facts on earnings which is why this is a good example of logos in the authors’
After reading “In Praise of the ‘F’ Word” written by Mary Sherry I can tell you first hand that she did an exceptional job using rhetoric to make the readers believe what she believes. Although she used all three,ethos,logos,and pathos, she mainly used ethos and pathos to not only get her point across but to also persuade the audience.
Logos, the appeal to logic and knowledge, is most commonly used with facts, statistics, or just logical reasoning. On example of Sanders supporting his argument with this appeal is when he cites statistics. In chapter 4, Sanders notes after asking his students how many of their peers cheated it was between 70-90 percent. These numbers create a concrete image in the reader's mind appealing to their logical side that this is the vast majority of his students. Next, the appeal of ethos is the appeal to credibility and authority. Sanders supports his argument with the appeal of ethos by validating the fact that he is a college professor and sees students versus learners all the time. For instance, Sanders says “I see this [students being afraid of being wrong] most often when students turn in written papers (Sanders 4). By mentioning his first-hand account he is building is authority and trustworthiness on the subject at hand. Finally, Sanders appeals to pathos when he involves emotions and presents his invitation to students to become a learner. He addresses the reader as “you” to form the basic relationship. He then notes “I am confident that you…” Implying he has faith in his reader and instills confidence in them (Sanders 5). By using emotions the author makes the reader attached and interested even more in the specific
America, the land of equity, has the largest ratio of rich citizens to poor citizens at 12:1. Compared to Japan and Germany’s measly 4:1, this information is outrageous. America is shown to have the most skewed economic pyramid when denoting the amount of people on each side of the economic slide. The selection, Class in America - 2006, an academic paper by Gregory Mantsios, argues the existence and magnitude of class and economic standing in the United States; through the use of fact and opinion, he creates the visual of a society severely divided by economic standing. Gregory Mantsios effectively convinces the audience of the differences in class sanding that cause a significant impact in the lives of americans and economic spectrum with his use of logos, anticipation, and credible evidence.
To begin, Schlack supports his points by using ethos, pathos and logos throughout the article. Having used ethos, pathos and logos Schlack persuades readers that his points are responsible. Lawrence B. Schlack uses Ethos when starting a quote from a middle school student, “College is like your life. If you don’t go to college… you can’t live a successful life.”( paragraph 16) For example, Mr. Schlack uses this quote from a student to persuade the audience that this is what our school system has taught the next
Year after year, America has been singled out for its deteriorating educational system. Fridman suggests in his passage that this is due to the attitude of anti-intellectualism plaguing American society. Fridman decides to use ethos and logos as his rhetorical strategies in his essay. Ethos convinces someone of the character or credibility of the persuader. Logos appeals to an audience by using logic and reason. In his passage, Leonid Fridman utilizes logos and ethos in order to urge his audience to value intellectual curiosity.
As a journalist, media theorist, and author of Everything Bad Is Good for You, Steven Johnson is a formidable activist for the most revolutionary technological achievement to date; the internet. In “Dawn of the digital natives,” an article in the Guardian, Johnson urges readers to look at the positive impact of the new electronic media age and critically at the National Endowment for the Arts study “To Read or Not to Read” that provoked a panic about the decline of reading. However, Nicholas Carr, a 2011 Pulitzer Prize finalist, shares his testimony of how his internet usage of more than a decade has eroded his capacity to concentrate and contemplate. Although the two articles were published in 2008, before the explosion of smartphone sales in 2012, the presence of social media, YouTube, and smartphones increased sensitivity to the issue. Consequently, this sensitivity might make readers more receptive to opinions about these new technologies. While both Johnson and Carr both implement an impressive combination of the three modes of persuasion, Johnson fails to follow through with an adequate balance of
Logos, literally meaning “to reason”, appeals to the reader’s sense of logic or reasoning, pathos appeals to an audience’s sense of emotion, and ethos appeals to a reader’s sense of ethics or credibility. In “How You Became You” by Bill Bryson, the author successfully incorporates all three of these appeals to form a sound argument. In regards to logos, Bryson doesn’t have much statistical evidence. However, despite the fact that he cites nothing, his chain of logic is simple enough for anyone to follow. For example, we can refer to the passage “The average species on Earth lasts for only about 4 million years, so if you wish to be around for billions of years, you must be as fickle as the atoms that made you. You must be prepared to change everything about yourself - shape, size, color, species affiliation, everything - and to do so repeatedly. That’s much easier said than done, because the process of change is random”. This passage is an excellent demonstration of logos as even though there is not evidence, the logic is enough to justify the claim. Anyone can follow allow the reasoning, therefore showing that the logos is effective. Bryson also appeals to pathos, or a reader’s sense of emotion, Generally, appealing to pathos involves something sad or disturbing to get a reaction. However, Bryson’s use of pathos is to excite and entertain the audience. “To begin with, for you to be here now trillions of
All of this ultimately comes down to her strong use of ethos and logos to get her point across in this essay. She relies more on statistics and quotes from outside sources to present her argument which ultimately makes it much more effective. Her credibility is established in the first paragraph with her use of the statistic in the first sentence which makes it much easier for her audience to listen to her and agree with her
Wright et al. 2001, state that some programs are associated with developing and improving literacy and reading skills for all ages. For example, elementary students could watch television programs such as Sesame Street, Dinosaur train, Dragon Tales, Little Einsteins, and Reading Rainbow. Beers 2005 suggests the use of visual scaffolding through different multimodal literacy formats hook students to reading. As Beers states as “literature evolved, stereotypes began to fade”, than why not change with the times (2005 71). Those that are arguing media is affecting adolescents reading and writing performance negatively have not adjusted to the times themselves. Growing up technology was not seen as the god it is today, it was something to be skeptical of. As a student, I found it wonderful to come home from school and learn from the programs on TV the lessons I was being taught in school. In 2015, it is unnatural to not consult the all and powerful Google before spewing out answers found on the web. If I feel as a student and future educator, that technology is a necessity in learning, that when used wisely and correctly will improve reading and writing skills, than I am positive students feel the same
In today’s modern society technology plays a huge role in everyday life. Technology has a big position in education. Today students use laptops for school on an everyday basis to take notes, work on assignments, and research. Many people agree that, when it comes to education, technology can either be very harmful or very helpful. Timothy D. Snyder, a history professor at the University of Yale has written five award-winning books. In Snyder’s article, “Why laptops in class are distracting America’s future workforce”, he believes that “removing laptops from the classroom gives students a chance to focus, and a chance to learn” (274). Thomas L. Friedman, who is a known author and reporter for the New York Times, would disagree with Timothy Snyder. Friedman, also an award winning author, wrote six bestselling books. Friedman argues in his article, “Come to Revolution”, that “online-only education is the solution to the problems of higher education”
Fitzgerald’s stories focuses on the new generation of America with bold, excessive and infuriating characters. He depicts Jazz Age; the celebration and the loss of the Roaring Twenties. “Bernice Bobs Her Hair”, a short story by Fitzgerald, focuses on the struggle of a beautiful but reserved young girl, Bernice. Although Bernice is the protagonist of the story but other characters also lay a very important role in determining her character and fate.
This Sheryl WuDunn lecture’s main idea is that if people joined the movement, they would feel happier and help save the poverty. On the other hand, if females had an opportunity to gain economic or education opportunities in the developing countries, those females could move to out of a vicious cycle and into a virtuous cycle.