Extended essay: Narrative and voice in The Catcher in the Rye One of the primary elements that shape a reader’s initial impression of a text is its narrative. Such a role is inflated in texts which are character-driven, as is with J.D. Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye. This essay examines the unorthodox voice of Holden Caulfield in The Catcher in the Rye, specifically, how its stylistic features create incoherence and unreliability. The Catcher in the Rye is a first-person narrative told from Holden’s point of view.
As era’s have rolled over and civilisation has advanced, the popular culture demonstrated throughout society has also changed. When looking back today, these cultures are characterised by the most notable differences between decades in fashion, entertainment, architecture, technology, sport and more. For the 1950’s and 1960’s this meant post war recovery and a clash between communism and capitalism vs. a revolt against the social norms and the now known ‘hippy era’, a contrast that truly shows how much ten years can change the world. It seemed as though in the twenty year period that expanded both these decades, everyone began to take things a little less seriously, an effect that led current pop culture to where it is now. (Author Unknown, 2014) (Random House Inc., 2014) The 1950’s saw Australia thrive and challenge British cultural ties with a sudden influx of American lifestyles, as more Europeans began to settle the population was impacted greatly through this cultural diversity.. Whilst the country was living in the shadow of The Cold War, the end of The Fifties gave them the opportunity to develop a great sense of national pride.
I find Moliere’s play, Tartuffe, to be entertaining for the underlying message of historical hypocrisy which it sheds to light. After reading the comedy of Tartuffe, I can only agree that it is an intellectual whirlwind of classical genius which tantalizes even the modern mind by echoing to us the importance of scrutinizing the narratives and analyzing the flaws and follies alike which are evident even within our own era. Tartuffe stands out to me because of the power that resonated from the creation of this societal satire and the fact that unlike other works of the era which were forced to fall in line with a strict code of adherence generated by the aristocracy of the classical era, this piece served as a direct challenge to the narrative
He claimed it to be “melodramatically ‘moving.’” and compared it the Shaw’s work about witch hunts, claiming that the scenes from Shaw’s work were “so human, wise and balanced that it cleave[d] the heart” (Hope-Wallace). In The Crucible, Arthur Miller is faulted with many structural flaws, underdeveloped characters, and being compared to communism, but it’s an impact of moral responsibility still stands. Nathan faults Miller with poor character development, which prevents an audience to sympathize with them. He says that: “Miller has been remiss in developing character of any close approximation to recognizable warm humanity and thus has denied his audience any of the necessary sympathetic contact with his two central figures, the husband and wife victims of the witch-hunt.” He continues on to say that the final speeches of the character’s at the end of
Consider the Importance of the Title of the Novel in Relation to the Events in the Novel ‘The Catcher in the Rye’. The title ‘The Catcher in the Rye’, by the American writer J.D. Salinger, has a significant connection to the story; It portrays the protagonist, Holden Caulfield, and his feelings towards young adult life. Throughout the novel, Holden perceives adulthood as ‘corrupted’, vulgar and tragic. While admiring children for their kindness, genuine nature and innocence, he believes in the idea that adult corruption has ruined virtuous children.
Superiority theory is the oldest theoretical approach to humor. The theories which view humor as an expression of aggression have been termed as the superiority theories. These theories are also known as disparagement or aggression theories. According to Plato, laughter originates in malice i.e. one enjoys to see the other person suffering or in adversity.
America has had a tumultuous existence, replete with war, progress, and ideologies. The most formidable of the latter is individualism: the shift of society’s focus from the group to the individual along with a growing emphasis on this individual’s personal needs and desires. Despite wide criticism, it has become the societal norm, spanning all generations, genders, races, and walks of life. Indeed, it is nearly inseparable from the country’s history, rising and falling over the decades as the United States shifts and evolves. Individualism is undeniably a constant factor within the fluctuation of America and has been since its very dawn (Gans 1).
Through the early to mid 1900s, the concept of striving to attain more than one is originally born with became predominant in most American societies. During this era, many authors, through literature, began expressing their concern with the rise in materialistic ideals and its effect on society and the individuals living within it, one being F. Scott Fitzgerald. Two of Fitzgerald’s widely-known works of literature, The Great Gatsby and “Winter Dreams”, both heavily elaborate on the effects of the increase in materialism and the ultimate effects of attempting to achieve the American Dream; this is conveyed through the unhappiness of the Dexter and Gatsby despite their perseverance to acquire women of higher social statuses. These texts both reach the conclusion that the American Dream is not within reach of anyone. Fitzgerald’s representation of the unattainable American Dream is demonstrated in The Great Gatsby and “Winter Dreams” through his portrayal of the materialistic nature of society as well as the characters’ failure to possess the women they love.
War was absolutely devastating; emotionally and economically throughout the world. Especially after World War I, is was shocking to people because it was the first time anyone had witnessed something so distorting. In America, it changed everyone 's life styles. People became more materialistic and rebellious. The UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History talks about that time period by saying “The novel reflects the outward glitter and the inward corruption of the Roaring Twenties , also known as the Jazz Age, a decade of prosperity and excess that began soon after the end of World War I (1914–18) in 1918 and ended with the 1929 stock-market crash”(656).
The end of World War I was difficult for everyone. Debt, unemployment, shortages, etc. plagued the United States. The 1920s, or Roaring Twenties, brought a lot of good economic, political, and social changes. Plenty of major changes took place in society during this time.
The 1950s is often referred to as the Post-War era as well as the era of the Baby Boomers. After the end of World War Two tensions, both politically and militarily, were high. Cold War tensions were building and with the first telecast of an atomic explosion in the February of 1951, Cold War paranoia was inflated. As a response to this society alerted their focus from militaristic activities to the rise of the common household and person. This was notable due to the rise of advertisements in this era.
Looking back in time at advertisements and television shows in the era of the 1950’s and 60’s will open our eyes at how the world has changed in the past sixty-five years. The value of the way society sees certain demographics of people to the outlandish lifestyles expected among Americans of the time. The world has changed so much just in my life span when that time frame is doubled it is incredible to think just how different of a world we live in today. From big companies such as Coca-Cola to main stream cable television shows on AMC depicts a picture of segregation and ideology of Americans during this
Culture is an embodiment of a society’s values. The representation of American culture is rapidly changing, showing a plethora of beliefs over the decades. Every change comes with controversy, new radical ideas of the upcoming generation challenging the previous. Once deemed taboos become socially acceptable and ideas once thought absurd are altered to become social norms. For example, when rock and roll debuted in the late nineteen sixties it caused conservative Americans belonging to the fifties to believe the new music of the generation was causing internal decadence.
1950s Technology The 1950s was the decade that defined America after the second world war. The 50s birthed many of mankind’s greatest technological feats that still shine through today. One of the biggest political and social battles also took place in the decade. As the 1950s is important, it is paramount to know what makes it one of the greatest times of our history. Because of the war-time production boom of the 1940s, many scientific achievements and milestones were reached.