Analysis Of The Communist Manifesto By Karl Marx

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Karl Marx and his various philosophies involving economics and societies have greatly influenced sociology today. In particular, Marx 's theories on social change due to class conflict was argued in his pamphlet, The Communist Manifesto. Marx states that history itself is the struggles between different classes, where one superior class dominates over the other. In his time period, the bourgeoisie, wealthy factory or mill owners, ruled over the proletariat, the exploited workers. While there is inequality between classes, social change is bound to occur. Marx believed this change occurs over time in a process called dialectic. This process is solely based on conflicts between classes and is composed of three parts: a thesis, a contradictory antithesis, and a resulting synthesis. Marx 's perspective critiques capitalism; capitalism being the thesis, worker dissatisfaction the antithesis, then a revolution and the downfall of capitalism the synthesis. However, Mark believed that a revolution of the proletariat could only be possible only if the class members could overcome their false consciousness. This is the way of thinking in which class members do not associate themselves as part of a whole group. In order to overthrow class inequality, the proletariat needed to think of themselves as a whole group…show more content…
Another duly noted sociologist would be Emile Durkheim. Durkheim 's theories focused on social facts; he argued that social facts, or regular patterns of behavior, exist independently and constrains an individual 's behavior. In his book, The Division of Labor in Society, Durkheim states that the mechanical solidarity of society, in which people of small communities share similar values and often perform the same kind of work, is being replaced by organic solidarity. This form of solidarity consists of different people performing different jobs that are all vital the society 's well-being. Modern industrial societies have this type of solidarity and can be seen
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