The lowest rank is the Untouchables, which are typically outcasts and frequently experience brutal assault and widespread discrimination. It impacts the social, economic and culture of India. The caste system allows high social status individuals to control and abuse the
The word Dalit is derived from Sanskrit language which means 'suppressed' or 'crushed' and it refers to the people who are at the margins of the society because of their low class. It also represents those people who are socially, economically and historically oppressed; and there is no doubt to mention here that Dalit is infact a caste but a separate category of people who are discriminated by the powerful sections of the society in one way or the other. The word 'Dalit' was also used as 'depressed class' and it was due to the remarkable contribution by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar that the term got a new identity as 'untouchable'. It also includes classes like landless labour, minorities and all others who are poor, hapless and defenseless. Literature written by the members of Dalit communities or the literature which presents a graphic account of the social, political, religious and cultural aspects of these communities is called Dalit literature and this literature is based on the spreading the ideas of justice, social equality and justice to the downtrodden and have-nots.
The paper presents various aspects of gender discrimination and subjugation of women to male dominated society and orders, set by a particular group of society, against women. Women are suffering silently in the hands of patriarchal code and system of society. This discrimination leads to heinous crimes against women and at last they lost their lives. Today the problem of lower sex ratio is a consequence of this gender discrimination. This is a challenge before country how to tackle this social evil and make Indian developed country where women and children can live without any fear and threats.
The term is associated with the ostracised section of the society particularly used for the weaker section of the society i.e. women. The position of female as subaltern is miserable. Patriarchy is the prime obstacle to women’s advancement and development. Among women, widows are the doubly oppressed as they become the prey of patriarchy as well as of religion.
Marginalization in terms of Dalit in India has been the most exploited, subjugated and oppressed class. More so, women of this class, by virtue of their gender, are even worse victims as they suffer double marginalization because of their caste and gender. Inequality is the main source of this marginality which leads to insecurity, injustice and exploitation. Marginalized sections are always on the periphery and distanced from the power centres. The attempts by Dalit women scholars at academic engagement are often disrupted by the academic elitism prevalent in India.
Dalit literature is about the sufferings of “oppressed class”. It also stresses that Dalits are not oppressed a class, but oppressed by those who claim themselves as high class. Dalit literature is always marked by revolt and a great struggle of a lower cast. Dalits are also known as “untouchables”, are a member of the lowest social status group in the Hindu caste system. A Dalit is actually born below the cast system.
Dalits are often forbidden from using same religious temples, living in same areas and marrying into the families of the country 's upper castes. To unfold all these problems to the society,Dalitliterature has come into existence. It protests against all forms of exploitationbased on class, race, caste or occupation. It had not been recognized as a literature till 1970 but now its name is being heard all around the world. It has made the people think against the exploitation and suppression.
Their lives have been shaped by the government so much that the effects of the past actions made by the whites have become substantially irreversible, forcing the Native American population to suffer and make sacrificing choices in order to live in the present world. Moreover, Sherman Alexie, a fellow Native American and author of the novel The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-time Indian, is able to show through his depiction of Indian societies not only the problems being faced by Indians nowadays, but problems being faced through the eyes of a teenage boy. The novel has its main character, Arnold Spirit, suffering through poverty and the already stated problems in his reservation, the Wellpinit reservation, and feels the obligation of making a change regarding his own life. He leaves his reservation to try to gain success, opportunities, and hope, only to encounter even more problems ahead of him. With that in mind, it becomes evident that the social, economic, and cultural problems Arnold and his reservation
Proletarian people are the victim of their fate. Since birth they have been deprived of the power of wealth and education and the dominated classes has got the benefit of their ignorance and have ruled over them in the name of racial discrimination, social differences and their financial status in the society. It seems