Analysis Of The Dalit Movement In India

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The Dalits, called by different names like Dasyu, Dasa, Atisudra, Panchame, Tirukutdba, Adikarnataka, Adi Dravidia are actually the ‘Depressed Classes’ of Indian society. They are the people who are economically, socially and politically exploited since centuries. They have been systematically pushed to the periphery by the traditional Brahmanical structure of oppression. This exploitation is due to the discrimination followed by age old caste hierarchical tradition in the Hindu society. It has subjected them to a life of poverty and humiliation. Even after independence Dalits have not been allowed to live a life of dignity and equality. It is this idea of ‘equality’ which sparked the beginning of the Dalit Movement in India, as a protest to the age old atrocities committed against them. Jacques Ranciera (2011, p. 53) observes that rather than create works of art, contemporary artists want to get out of the museum and induce alterations in the space of everyday life, generating new forms of relations. If this is true of the most forms of contemporary art, it is even more so in the case of the artistic expressions of communities that have been historically subjected to all kinds of painful experiences due to political, social or cultural reasons, such as literature of the Indian Dalit women, the lowest rung in the hierarchy of the Hindu caste system. Narratives for them are spaces in which they can become “[] both the observing subject and the end the object of

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