During the 19th century Great Britain expanded their empire across India, Asia and parts of Africa. Britain used an imperialistic government in order to take over areas of the world to add political, social and economic wealth to their empire. The advancement of the British Empire was exponential with the coupling of the industrial revolution and imperialism that defined British economic, political and social structure across their expanding empire. The industrial revolution was the machine that would empower while imperialism dictated who would be controlled. Through the characterization of both imperialism and the industrial revolution, in his book “The Time Machine”, H.G. Wells uses symbolism to explore the destructive nature and shortcomings of both processes as they changed the world around him.
At the end of the 19th Century, as the United States was experiencing rapid industrialization, a reconfiguration of the social order yielded opposing visions of social progress. Andrew Carnegie, wealthy businessman, and Jane Addams, founder of Chicago’s Hull House, put forward different methods to achieve such progress, where Addams focuses on creating social capital in a seemingly horizontal manner while Carnegie advocates for a top-down approach. While both of them seem to reap a sense of purpose from their attempts to improve the nation, their approaches vary depending on their vision of the composition of the population they want to uplift. First, Carnegie and Addams’ desire to improve society is partly self-serving. For Carnegie, improving society is the role of the wealthy man who, “animated by Christ’s spirit” (“Wealth”), can administer wealth for the community better than it could have for itself (“Wealth”).
With the election of George Washington as the first president, the newly formed republic of the U.S. faced a number of domestic problems. In an attempt to tackle the economic crisis, Secretary of State, Alexander Hamilton, proposed his financial plan which was intended to transform the U.S. into an industrial and commercial power. This plan entailed two reports on public credit, one on the installation of a national bank, and finally a report on manufactures. This report on manufactures encompassed Hamilton 's vision of America 's economic future based on industry and manufacturing as integral components of the emerging American society, which he thought would propel the U.S. to becoming not only a nation equal to Britain and France, but one that was superior on every level.
Consequently steam engine locomotives such as steam ships and internal combustion mechanized ships were invented (Stearns outline 6). As I studied in my high school, in the same century of industrial revolution, wright brothers also invented the airplane, which consisted increased speed of transportation. Hartwell in his journal, “The Causes of the Industrial Revolution: An Essay in Methodology”, justifies the market expansion that includes the trading activities in 18th century. Hartwell suggested the reasons for the expansion of trading as a result of industrial revolution as the increase of domestic demands caused effective foreign transports (168). Robert Wilde, European Historian also agrees that the “colonial trade” increased the foreign trade policy and relation caused for the revolution (Causes and Preconditions for the Industrial Revolution).
The scientific revolution revolved around intellectual changes that took place in Europe. These changes produced social values that allowed the European Enlightenment to come through easily. During the scientific revolution, European thinkers such as Isaac Newton, Rene Descartes and Copernicus tore down the series of “scientific” beliefs that were constructed by the ancients and kept by the church. To replace the existing flawed knowledge, scientists discovered true laws as they payed close attention to nature. The curiosity of the world started to spread, which lead to further discoveries.
One of the continuing concerns of American thought has been the need for sympathetic comprehension of social and personal situations during the beginning of the 20th century. After discussing certain crucial trends which have accompanied the industrial growth along with the unique form, which was assumed in Western Europe, we now turn our attention to the organized belief systems which have gained prominence in America during its phenomenal economic growth. A special interest is the role of ideology and its suitability for informing and sustaining a national effort. Americans, like people in all well-established nations have a cluster of core values which have had time to reach a rather stable accommodation to one another.
Before the Industrial Revolution, people would often perform work in the area of their homes by using hand tools, and necessary machinery (History.com). Not a single being at the beginning of the Industrial revolution would have thought how life-changing the transformation from the old civil times to modern technology would be. The industrial revolution initially kicked off in Britain in the late 1700s. Britain's changes later inspired many other countries also to boost their economies and even start their own Industrial Revolution. Although the start of the revolution came with both superb and poor results, the Industrial Revolution is a significant event in world history because it sparked the beginning of mass production, newly advanced
The reform movement that ran from the late 1800s through the early 1900s is known as Progressivism. Progressivism was marked with numerous leading intellectuals and socialists who sought to fix the cultural, economical, and political issues that had arisen due to the changes brought about by both the Industrial Revolution and the rapidly growing capitalism in America. Progressivism was founded on the belief that the creation of a new order - a new dynamic, democratic, and involved government - was needed in order to appropriately handle whatever the new industrial age brought with it. Though many of the reform movements were very successful, there were some that were unsuccessful as well.
As soon as the Civil War ended, America started to emerge as an industrial nation. It had become known as the Second Industrial Revolution which began in the mid-nineteenth century. This Second Industrial Revolution will lead to new technologies and new inventions. Industry revolutionized America because it helped inventors create technologies and inventions which will affect farmers, industrial workers, and women.
Although the separation from England was a united movement, not all colonies settled for the same reasons. Therefore, as a result of this difference, each colony had its own motives to base its social foundation on. In the “Charter of Privileges Granted by William Penn, esq. to the Inhabitants of Pennsylvania and Territories, October 28, 1701”, it is exemplified how the guidelines set up after colonization was used to attract a certain group of people wanted by the Proprietary and Governor. The charter relinquished to the colony of Pennsylvania, was an articulation of the newly endowed rights given to the people, as well as, an act of appeal.
Over the course of this post several points regarding John D. Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie contributions to the industrialization of society were discussed. For instance, Rockefeller’s business model for growing a small company into a national powerhouse. Additionally, Carnegie’s ideas on steel mill worker’s wages and the effects it has on the community’s wages. Now, when looking at these two great men’s contributions to business, it is easy to say, Rockefeller and Carnegie, shaped not only the 19th-century business but also 20th-century
They focused on life on Earth, rather than bettering themselves to please a god. The current democracy that is in place in America, although it is much more similar to rationalism than puritanism, hold traits from both governments that could be seen in colonist America. The colonial time period in America was a rather long time period lasting from when the first colony was established in 1607 and ended with the signing of the Declaration of Independence. And during this time period Native American culture was being tampered with, and two very different forms of government, puritanism and rationalism, were being
The Gospel of Wealth was a belief by Andrew Carnegie, a wealthy Scottish immigrant. Carnegie believed that he was rich because God had given him the ability to become rich. He then believed that it was his duty to spend his money by giving to the poor or less fortunate. Other rich men at this time believed along side with Carnegie. Though Carnegie believed in giving money he wanted people to work more for it.