Martin Luther King Jr and Malcolm X were both powerful African American figures in history who spoke on the issue of discrimination against blacks and equal rights. While Martin Luther King Jr and Malcolm X were both advocates for African Americans and had similar goals, they preached opposing methods, ideas and beliefs. Martin Luther King, a christian man, passionately upheld the idea of seeking freedom through nonviolent actions, depicted in his speech ‘I have a Dream’. Malcolm X practiced ideas which were inspired by the Muslim teachings and condoned fighting back and ‘playing fire with fire’ which he portrays in “The Ballot or the Bullet” speech. Despite their disagreements, ultimately, Martin and Malcolm both aimed for freedom and equal rights in America but their beliefs, methods, and deliveries were different.
For African Americans in the south religion gave them their freedom, and empower them to educate themselves and to strive to become leaders and to make a
He preached for complete segregation, which Malcolm X coined and popularized the term separation, and in attempts to form a black society. Joining the Nation of Islam gave him the means to preach to African Americans who believed they did not have any other choices in fighting discrimination. Malcolm X was considered a radical due to his methods with the NOI, since violence was not out of the question. This contradicts Martin Luther 's view of multiracial, nonviolent approach. Malcolm X, at the beginning of his ministering, called for racial independence with criticisms of mainstream civil rights leaders such as Martin Luther King Jr. who cooperated with the popular opinion of the time that was held by the majority of the population, that being white.
According to the text, some historians thought the south had won because of the many obstacles they had overcome. I agree with many of the historians because if it wasn’t for the amending of the laws and the Constitution, African Americans would still be held in bondage. Due to this change there were several major victories for African Americans that guaranteed them recognition as citizens and equality (Foner 442). The amending of these laws opened many doors that African Americans never thought was possible. First, the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863 freed all slaves in states fighting the Union and allowed blacks to enlist in the Union Army (Dautrich and Yalof 115).
Black politicians in Southern government were influenced to participate due to access to education and violence against former slaves. The Reconstruction period was a time of radical social and political change as former slaves, recently emancipated by President Lincoln, sought to take advantage of their newfound freedom by pursuing political positions within the new Radical Republican governments and seeking access to education for all blacks. Though they were met with violence, adversity, and injustice, educated black leaders recognized the importance of literacy to uplift their people from long lives of physical labor, and many of these leaders went on to become educators themselves before serving in the Reconstruction government. Aggressive
Martin Luther King, Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech had a great deal of logos and pathos appeals to persuade his audience to speak out against segregation and to give all men the rights they deserve. He often gave a clear line of reasoning supported by evidence in his speech, like when he says: “This note was a promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the “unalienable Rights” of “Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.”... America has defaulted on this promissory note, ... given the Negro people a bad check… which has come back marked “insufficient funds.” (King para. 4)
This reference in particular evokes the strongest emotional response from black people because many African Americans revered Lincoln for his decision to sign the revolutionary Emancipation Proclamation, and how the document symbolized a free future for slaves--the ancestors of the blacks in the crowd. But the next few lines following this allusion also persuades those ignorant of how little things have changed by highlighting the “manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination” that blacks still suffer from despite the hundred year gap. Here, he uses the connotations of “manacles” and “chains” to evoke a negative emotional response from the audience, especially from those unaware of the need to change, causing their opinion to match the speaker’s: against segregation. Additionally, King weaves biblical allusions into his speech to appeal to the Christians within the crowd. He uses the “dark and desolate valley of segregation” to illustrate the injustice African Americans have endured for centuries and juxtapositions it with the “sunlit path of racial justice” to exemplify a future where true freedom exists for
During the early nineteenth century, religion, moral differences and confusion divided communities and institutions. Abolitionism became an influential movement, many white reformers and free blacks were active in ending slavery. This challenged southern society, caused political unrest and led to the civil war. Protestants used revivals to grow their following especially because the amount of Catholics and Mormons grew. Though southern churches didn’t really participate in social reform, the Second Great Awakening gave people structure in the communities.
Jefferson’s intention of freeing slaves was not as heroic as many had thought, but it is one of the first stepping stones that would eventually guide the country’s objective. Although there is evident hypocrisy in the passage, progressivism of ideas takes time. One could not expect a sudden change of people’s thoughts and perspectives overnight. Thus, following the basis of “all men are created equal”, through many fights and revolutions, black people after rigorous efforts had stood up and proved that they are as equal as any other people. Therefore, the mission of today’s society is to preserve the hard-fought equality among all races and the independence of our
The author spoke so highly for this cause yet did not see or speak of the slaves’ contribution at that time. The rebellion of the Stamp Act was one example where Caucasians and the Coloured found common ground to fight for liberty. Unfortunately, the thought of abolishing slavery did not begin during this Revolutionary War, but these rebellions began to form a spark in the blacks’ mind that one day they would walk
During the Second Great Awakening, new religious doctrine originating in the New England states led to a shifting of religious beliefs, including long held opinions regarding slavery. This mid-19th Century reform was sparked by Abolitionist leaders like William Lloyd Garrison, who took to the podium as well as published anti-slavery views. Likewise, Fredrick Douglas took a stand as a free black man, educator, writer and orator, publicly denouncing slavery. In addition, Harriet Tubman along with Quakers assisted groups of slaves to freedom through the use of the Underground Railroad. Books such as Uncle Tom’s Cabin exposed the inhumane abuse and treatment of slaves, bringing profound awareness of atrocities being carried out by slave owners
After the Underground Railroad, moral code came into question, and with the Constitution demanding all people be equal, the people in the North could no longer bear to uphold slavery. The Underground Railroad was risky and dangerous, but it furthered racial equality by creating a coalition against slavery and by freeing African
During the 1960’s when Lyndon B Johnson was president the Great Society was successful. One example to prove that the Great Society was successful is written in document C by Joseph A Califano Jr. and he states, “Great Society's food stamp program helps feed more than 20 million men,women, and children in more than 8 million households. Since it was launched in 1967, the school breakfast program has provided a daily breakfast to nearly 100 million schoolchildren.” This quote boldly illustrate how amazing the great society is by providing food for the poor. Another great example of how the great society was successful by Joseph A Califano Jr. states, “The Voting Rights Act of 1965. .
After this great friendship was made between Richard Allen and Benjamin Rush, Allen considered Rush to be a “brother” and a great aid in abolishing slavery and assistant in establishing the Free Black Society of Philadelphia. Of course, there would be obvious disagreements with great reasoning of blacks having mixed signals of the help of Benjamin Rush. Richard Allen held hope and trust in Rush and Rush did not disappoint the black community, but enhanced the community. Rush didn’t allow his fellow “whites” to discourage him from doing the right thing. Allen imagined a group in Philadelphia, where basic respect and regard between the races existed and one in which the behavior of one's character, and not the color of his or her skin.
1963 Church Bombing “We've got to face the fact that some people say you fight fire best with fire, but we say you put fire out best with water. We say you don't fight racism with racism. We're gonna fight racism with solidarity” (Fred Hampton). The day of the Bombing of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church was a day where fire was fought with fire. According to the article, “Birmingham Baptist Church Bombing.", a black man was murdered by an officer who believed that the black man was apart of an uprising for civil rights.