They were each responsible for the false teaching and doctrines that they were transmitting to the Jews. The Pharisees belief that the Law as open to interpretation as well as the great value they placed on the Law, especially the oral Law, saw them placing importance on their works and outward piety. Jesus saw the Pharisee's self-righteousness and pride. In Luke 11:39 He tells them, “Now do ye Pharisees make clean the outside of the cup and the platter; but your inward part is full of ravening and wickedness.” Unlike the Pharisees, the Sadducees believed the was that the Law that was given to Moses was to be interpreted literally. They rejected such ideas as immortality, the resurrection of the dead, and the existence of angels.
The effect of this device shows that Jews are no different from Christians with the exception of religion. It is probable that Shakespeare understood the unjust alienation and dehumanization of Jews so he gave Shylock the platform to speak upon. Additionally, Shylock protests that “[Antonio] call[s] [Shylock] misbeliever, cut-throat dog, and spit upon [his] Jewish gaberdine” (1.3.121-122). Shakespeare continuously uses the metaphor of the dog to show how Shylock has been dehumanized by Antonio. Shakespeare uses anti-semitic stereotypes in order to give power to Jews who have been marginalized while criticizing the majority who abuse their power.
Virgil is a metaphor of Jesus who comes to rescue us from the dark place of sin and damnation to a life of victory in him. God was moved with compassion for mankind and sent his son Jesus to die for the sins of the world. Contrary to the way the world views heroism Dante displays heroic behavior when he realized that despite his own sense of unworthiness he needed God to be victorious. The Christian view of heroism is unlike the classical view because a depend totally on God to deliver and rescue us from our circumstances and sin. The Bible says, “for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God (Romans 3:23, New International Version).” Dante’s expression is that despite our sinful ways God is willing and able to deliver us.
Further, instead of answering directly, Shylock avoids the question and only after Antonio enters the rooms, Shylock makes his intentions clear in the aside. He says that “I hate him for he is a Christian; But more… Brings down the rate of usance” This quote confirms the stereotype that Jews love money and the only thing Shylock thinks about is money. This quote also stresses on the divide between Christians and Jews and Shylock’s dislike for Christians with the use of the word ‘hate’. Shylock 's declaration of his hatred for Antonio
From a Christians point of view, we were all born into sin. The Bible says “Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity, and in sin did my mother conceive me”. (The Holy Bible, Psalm 51:5) The author of Psalm is that we are all by nature children of wrath only because we are all born sinners. The Bible explains that “God did not create the human race sinful, but upright.” (DesiringGod) But we all automatically became sinful because of Adam’s sin. A Bible character, Paul, said “And you were dead in the trespasses and sins in which you once walked…” (The Holy Bible, Ephesians 2:1-2) This shows that Christians believe that everyone were born sinners but after accepting Christ as their Savior they are then cleansed.
They say that the devil is in the details and in this scenario of the end-times beast the bamboozlement lay in biblical hermeneutics. The revised Roman Empire is taken by many to extend in a linear direction and at some point will repeat that which it has already experienced; hence the Pope and Roman Catholicism. Not so. The revised Roman Empire will extend and mutate not existentially as before but in kind; morally bankrupt, spiritually dead and theologically secular. In the book One Minute to Midnight on God’s Clock (listed below) in chapter eighteen the author lays out compelling reasons backed by scriptures why the eschatological Beast of Tribulation is not the Pope.
For the faithful Jew, the place to celebrate the great moments of their faith was Jerusalem. In the Jewish liturgical year, the Passover was unsurpassed; little wonder Jesus was there. Jerusalem was also the centre of power – religious and secular; events here have an altogether greater significance. The author places “The Cleansing of the Temple” at this point in his Gospel – it is a very different account from what we read in the other Gospels. Jesus goes up to Jerusalem as an individual (The “Entry into Jerusalem” is told later); his response to what he sees is powerful and prophetic: prophetic, because it stood in the tradition of the prophets of old, who challenged the authorities of their day, and said, ‘Thus says the Lord;’ his action in driving out the commercial and sacrificial clutter with a whip was a judgement on everything he found: ‘How dare you turn my Father’s house into a market!’ The Temple was the centre of the religious life of the people; this was the place which existed to enable the people to live closely with their God – it had a sacrifice for every occasion – but it had been blind to his coming, and unaware of his presence.
After building up facts he turns the emotions felt to show how unfair slavery was. He quotes a part of the Declaration of Independence but then directly follows it with, “ but, sir, how pitiable is it to reflect… of my brethren under a groaning captivity, and cruel oppression” (9). Referring back to his heritage makes his argument stronger because it is more personal than it would be from a non African American. He then attempts to switch their perspective by quoting the Bible. The Americans were very religious people so and they were proving themselves hypocritical because the bible states, “put your soul in their soul's stead” (9).
Assertion 4: In Hamlet, it is clear that Shakespeare presents the reader with the supernatural beings of God and Angels. A big part of Hamlet’s actions were purely based on the Catholic beliefs which were instilled in the society which he was apart of. Even though Hamlet often had conflicting views in regards to his religious beliefs and morality views, his Christian beliefs guided him through his plans for revenge against Claudius and his decisions about his life. In Hamlet’s contemplation on whether he should end his life or not he states, “Oh, that this too, too sullied flesh would melt, Thaw, and resolve itself into a dew, Or that the Everlasting had not fix 'd, His canon 'gainst self-slaughter! O God, God!
The Christian faith is partially based on the concept that sin is imminent, for "all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God". The Old Testament in the Hebrew Bible portrays this belief through the narrative of Adam and Eve. They were created by God to be flawless but fell short of that expectation; teaching future generations that all humans have imperfections and sinning is inevitable. Likewise, Nathaniel Hawthorne in his novel, The Scarlett Letter, explores these indiscretions and different degrees and interpretations of sin. Hawthorne's plot is centered around Hester Prynne, Arthur Dimmesdale, and Roger Chillingworth who each sin according to 1600's puritan society.