Official Stanford Prison Experiment website: http://www.prisonexp.org/ What makes good people do bad things? : http://www.apa.org/monitor/oct04/goodbad.aspx An interview with Philip Zimbardo: http://nautil.us/issue/45/power/the-man-who-played-with-absolute-power In the Stanford Prison Study, students were given roles as prison guards or inmates. The participants were chosen carefully, so that most of the participants would end up being "Average Joes". What started out as a seemingly innocent experiment began to further escalate with each day, up to the point where they had to shut the whole thing down. It lasted 6 days, less than half of the original end-point (2 weeks).
Even though there are people willing to risk it all to go back to the life they had, there are some that become submissive and stop fighting. In Stanford Prison Experiment conducted by Stanford phycology department. They recruited college students to run a mock prison so they could study the effect of becoming a prisoner and a prison guard. In this experiment that was supposed to run for two weeks ended up being stopped by the researchers on the six day because it was getting out of control. This is stated by the heads of the experiment Philip Zimbardo, Craig Haney, W. Curtis Banks, and David Jaffe in their report of the experiment.
Here a professor had some of his students acting as prisoners and others as the jail guards. Its goal was to see how each participant fell into character. At first the guards seemed to be in an awkward position having to be an authority figure to other students, but not long after the experiment started the guards began showing their authority. This experiment showed that once in a specific role, one begins to actually believe they are that character and it is no longer a role being played. With both of these experiments we see that it doesn’t take much to persuade even the best natured humans to do inhumane things.
The researchers planned to study how both guards and prisoners reacted their roles, but guards were led to believe that the purpose of the experiment was to study prisoners.. Within the first 2 days after the prisoners were incarcerated in a makeshift
Twenty-four people volunteer to participate in the study, out of this group, they were randomly selected to be either prisoner or prison guard. Before the experiment began, all participants went through a psychological evaluation to make sure they were of sound mind (Onishi & Herbert, 2016). Once the experiment began the “prisoners” were arrested and taken to a simulated prison where they were stripped searched and demoralized. During the 6 days that the study lasted, conduct between both sides, prisoners and guards, was less than expectable. Both sides “acted as though a punishment was justified as an acceptable response to a breach of the rules” (Onishi & Herbert, 2016), rules that were vaguely explained.
Some believe that the uncultured characters of the inmates are to blame for the situations in prison; they forcefully argued that being in prison is a sign of character failure. 2. Another school of thought put the blame squarely on the feet of the prison authorities. They believe that the sadistic nature of the guards, that because the pleasures derived by the guards from hurting other people, and watch them suffer physically and mentally lead has led to this unchanging cruel life in prison. B.
Although not all agreed, it was ended due to the inhumane actions of some of the participants, especially that of prisoner #819. The researchers discovered from the experiment that perceived power is quick to make someone feel more powerful than others and that roles are quickly assumed. It is also very possible to argue that rights of the prisoners were compromised. Prisoners received harsh treatments, lost privileges, and were constantly watched by researchers. Thus, their basic rights were compromised by not only the guards, but also by the the researches and spectators who, in a time of need, refused the obvious and glaring choice to help put an end to this
Zimbardo acted as the warden or superintendent of the mock prison. Within 24 hours of the experiment, the prison guards began to humiliate and mentally abuse the prisoners. The prison guards were given little instructions about how to treat the prisoners, except that there was not to be any physical force used on the prisoners. The lack of instructions that
Some people disobey authority because they feel like they’re in a situation to where you’re not in charge of them or just because you do what someone says your this or that. People justify their behavior by assigning responsibility to the authority rather than themselves. So in conclusion the Milgram prison experience was to show the effects of perceived power of focusing on the struggle between prisoners and prison guards and how the students reaction on their experiment going in the prison and being disobeying and obeying authority well not all of them well never mind yes all of them. Till today there are still crimes like this that’s going on inside the prison cell and that they’re hiding what’s going on. They also have no chose but to obey authority or they would be beaten or put in a whole/box by the guards.
Second, The Stanford Prison Experiment was a psychological study that was too inhumane to continue because of the behavior of the prison guards when handed with superiority and the mental breakdowns of the prisoners. E: “Now, you 'll all be given sunglasses and uniforms to give the prisoners a sense of a unified, singular authority… And from this point forward you should never refer to this as a study or experiment again,’’ (Dr. Phil Zimbardo). A: The guards were given power by having a uniform, the ability to make their own rules for the prisoners, changing the way they saw themselves and behaved. E: “Prisons, they represent… a loss of freedom, literally and symbolically. We 're trying to strip away their individuality… Take away all the
According to social psychologists, there are primarily three specific ways people can, essentially, “turn to the dark side”: dispositional, situational, and Zimbardo’s discovery, systemic. Through this experiment, Zimbardo observed how the system of the jail affected the participants: for the “guards” there really wasn’t a system. Their power was unlimited; they had no boundaries. Because of this, they started doing small, evil acts, which quickly escalated to larger-scale acts of near malice. For the “prisoners”, the system was unsteadily and randomly created and reliant upon the “guards”, creating a very unhealthy system
Lessing also states, “ But we also find our thinking changing because we belong to a group”(Lessing 652) which basically proves Elliot’s experiment with the prisoners and third grade students who find themselves involved with the group and are afraid to share their opinions. They just wanted to be in a group to fit in so they do not disrupt the group they were involved in. Also in Asch experiment on conformity, he shows us how much we will try to be the same as the group. Conformity is found everywhere around us. It is a huge force that can cause damage if found in the wrong place.
It becomes next to impossible to strive to be better when the youth are constantly told they are worthless by people of higher authority and even their own peers. In the novel, Dr. Rios describes a concept He calls “dummy smart”. During his study he noted that there were multiple youth who were doing very well in school, but were labeled as being deviant and dumb by school officials. They purposely acted as if they were uninterested in school, but when called upon they always knew the answer, which shows they are more willing to gain respect from people of higher authority in a more negative way. As the novel progresses Dr. Rios goes on to explain how some of the youth wanted to change, but felt
In this experiment a simulated prison was created where college students were recruited for a two week study and paid $15 a day to either be a prison guard or an inmate. “After a day or two in which the volunteers self-consciously “played” their roles, the simulation became real-too real.” (Social Psychology) The guards took their roles too seriously and “devised cruel and degrading routines.” (Social Psychology) After only six days, the experiment got out of hand and was forced to be shut down. The experiment showed that situational factors powerfully affected human behaviors. This was shown by the many inmates that broke down and had emotional breakdowns and left the experiment because the prison guards took it too far when given a position of authority. The individuals in the experiment were de-individualized and no longer had any self-awareness of what they were doing within the group.
Those in favor of this system also argued that the 2005 Supreme Court ruling jeopardized the safety of inmates, especially newcomers. Inmates in prison tend to organize themselves into races, each individual within a race looks after the other (Walsh). This was a form of protection and for newcomers, those who help them adjust and not make irrational mistakes were the ones who were from the same race (Walsh). When same raced cells were eliminated the protection of returning or new inmates were eliminated and in order to find protection they usually found a gang (Walsh). For these reasons many Californian penitentiaries carry out this highly segregated