President andrew jackson signed a law on may 28, 1830. The law was called the Indian Removal. A few tribes went peacefully but some did not want to go and leave their home. In 1838-39 the cherokee were forcefully removed from their homes. 4,000 cherokee died on this trip which became known as “The trail of Tears”. December 6,1830 President Andrew Jackson outlined his indian removal policy in his second annual message to the congress. Additional copies of Andrew Jackson’s second annual message to congress can be found in the “House Journal” and the “ Senate Journal”.
Georgia signed the Compact of 1802 which stated that if Georgia were to give up their western claims, the U.S. would eradicate American Indian land titles in Georgia and remove them (Lecture 14). One of the tribes in Georgia was the Cherokees. The Cherokees created the 1827 Cherokee Constitution which recognized their sovereignty (Lecture 14). The Cherokees restructured their government and declared that they were a sovereign nation and could not be removed from their lands (Lecture 14). Georgia was infuriated by this and responded by extending its jurisdiction over the Cherokees (Lecture 14). The state annexed the Cherokee land and abolished their newly formed government. In 1830 President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, forcing the Cherokees in Georgia to relocate to other Indian lands in the west. In addition, the state of Georgia expanded its state laws over the Cherokees (Lecture 14). John Ross, the
The Trail of Tears occurred in 1838 and was put in play by the then reigning President Andrew Jackson. “Gold fever” and a thirst for expansion by the white population made them turn on there Cherokee neighbors. The Native Americans and white settlers had once tried to live in harmony even with the altering of their culture, but the greed and unfortunate disapproval of the Native Americans and their way of life made the whites want to have a further disconnection from them. Many people opposed the removal and even had court cases to try and appeal the removal. People such as Daniel Webster, Henry Clay, and Chief John Ross, who was of Cherokee descent. But these voices would go unheard and under the order of the President the U.S Army began The Removal Act of the 5 Civilized tribes in the summer of 1838. Cherokee, Muscogee, Choctaw, Seminole and the Chickasaw Tribes, were taken from the homes, nothing in hand, no possessions, no food, just the clothes on their backs and was forced onto wagons and many were made to walk the 2,200 miles to The Mississippi River. With the land that was taken from them it was used for trade, slavery, and cotton growing since the weather that they were being moved from was
During the 1830s the united states congress and president Andrew Jackson created and passed the “Indian removal act”. Which allowed Jackson to forcibly remove the Indians from their native lands in the southeastern states, such as Florida and Mississippi, and send them to specific “Indian reservations” across the Mississippi river, so the whites could take over their land. From 1830-1839 the five civilized tribes (The Cherokee, Choctaw, Seminole, and Chickasaw) were forced, sometimes by gun point, to march about 1,000 miles to what is present day Oklahoma. While making this gruesome travel more than 4,000 Indians died from disease, starvation and treacherous conditions. This travel became known as the “trails of tears”.
Between 1830 and 1850, the Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee, Creek, Seminole and Cherokee peoples were forced to leave their homelands to relocate further west. The Cherokee Nation removal in 1838 (the last forced removal east of the Mississippi) was brought on by the discovery of gold near Dahlonega, Georgia, in 1829, resulting in the Georgia Gold Rush.1
He signed this Act in 1830. While most other Indian tribes chose to take their grievances with Jackson’s Act to the battlefield, the Cherokee were more civilized and knowledgeable about the legal system of the United States and decided to challenge The Removal Act in court. The way of the Cherokee was almost always one which sought for peaceful resolution first. This did not mean every Cherokee tribe chose to make the same decisions. In 1835, a group of Cherokee leaders and made an agreement -a treaty- with the U.S. government to accept payment and land in the west with the promise to relocate. This treaty was known as the Treaty of New Echota. Not all Cherokees were happy about this treaty and joined Cherokee leader, Chief John Ross, in a bitter, fierce, but futile
The Trail of Tears was a massive transport of thousands of Native Americans across America. After the Indian removal act was issued in 1830 by president Andrew Jackson, the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee, and Seminole tribes were taken from their homelands and transported through territories in what many have called a death march. The government, on behalf of the new settlers ' cotton picking businesses, forced the travel of one hundred thousand Native Americans across the Mississippi River to a specially designated Indian territory for only the fear and close-mindedness of their people. The Native Americans were discriminated against by not only their new government, but also the people of their country and forced to undertake one of the most difficult journeys of their lives.
The Cherokee had been living on the land far longer than the settlers had arrived. They built their own land and made a whole society. The Cherokee were healthy and they had all the buffalo they needed and they had herbs. Only a handful of the Cherokee leaders signed the treaty and the Supreme Court even said they could stay. It is wrong to push people out of their own home when they did nothing wrong. The Indian Removal Act isn’t justified. No one wants to leave their home. It's sad and depressing when they’re kicked out. They don’t know where to go and what to do. It's a very difficult situation and that should happen to nobody if they didn’t do anything
He made decisions based on the interest of those settled Americans who feared the Indians, and also wanted to give the Indians the sovereignty they deserved being a functioning society that was entailed by The United States. He had negotiated the Treaty of New Echota that agreed the Cherokee would sell the remainder of their land west of the Mississippi to the white men for 5 million dollars. Although it was not signed by the Indians chief official, it was negotiated by a Cherokee leader, Major Ridge, who at the time claimed to represent the Cherokee
During the 1838 Congress passed a law called the Indian Removal homes from Georgia to Indian Territory. It was a long walk 4,000 thousand of us died from the terrible weather,illness, weakness. After the devastating journey, the Cherokee Indians tried to settle in their new "desert" home. In the new territory, problems developed with the new arrivals, and Cherokees who had already come here. These problems were quickly overcame. We now have all that is there, along with all the lives lost. The Trail of Tears was a bad, sad, and hurtful day. People we
As a part of the Indian Removal Act of 1830, Native American people were forcefully assembled and made to endure one of the longest walks from Georgia to Oklahoma on what has become known as the Trail of Tears. President Andrew Jackson’s motives for movement of the Native people to a new territory was to eliminate the Native race by stripping the victims of their vital resources needed for basic survival. After 178 years of expansion and growth in the United States of America, the circumstances for Native Americans remain unchanged. President Jackson’s sentiments have permeated the present society in issues associated with the physical and emotional fight to decolonize. Decolonization is both the individual and communal effort to regenerate
In 1830, the Indian Removal Act was signed, forcing the Indians to move west of the Mississippi River. 4,000 of the 15,000 Cherokees died along the trail of tears, meaning over 25% of the Cherokees died. Although they did not want to leave their land, they had to because of President Jackson. The Indians should not have been forced off their land. President Jackson did not treat the Indians fairly, the land belonged to the Indians, and the Indians rights were being violated.
Native Americans experienced a dramatic change in the 1830s. Nearly 125,000 Native Americans who lived on inherited land from ancestors of Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Florida were all cast out by the end of the decade. The federal government forced the natives to leave because white settlers wanted an area to grow their cotton. Andrew Jackson (President of the U.S. during this time) signed into law, the Indian Removal Act, authorizing him to grant unsettled lands west of the Mississippi River in return for native lands within state borders. As a result of Andrew Jackson’s Indian Removal Act during the years of 1838 and 1839, the Cherokee nation was enforced to give up land east of the Mississippi River
After imposing political and military action on urging the Native American Indians from the southern states of America, President Andrew Jackson decided it was time to enact the Indian Removal Act of 1830. The Indian Removal act of 1830 proclaimed that all Native Americans living east of the Mississippi River were to be forced to move west of the Mississippi River where the region of the Louisiana Purchase remained. This land set aside for these Native Americans was known as the “Indian colonization zone”. Because some of the Indian tribes refused to leave their homelands, “As a result, wars broke about between the U.S. Government and Indian Tribes”(xbox360). The Indian Removal Act was originally created to have the Native Americans vacate
On July 17, 1830, the Cherokee nation published an appeal to all of the American people. United States government paid little thought to the Native Americans’ previous letters of their concerns. It came to the point where they turned to the everyday people to help them. They were desperate.