In short, Samuel Adams was a key figure in the American revolution who organized important oppositions to Great Britain. As a leader of the Sons of Liberty, Adams was the mastermind behind an infamous riot against the British Stamp Act known as the Boston Tea Party. In his writing “The Rights of the Colonists”, Adams promotes the natural rights of the colonists as men, “All men have a right to...in case of intolerable oppression, civil or religious, to leave the society they belong to, and enter into another ” (The Rights of the Colonists). In other words, Adam believes men have the natural rights to oppose the government they belong to if the government is performing injustice. Therefore, it is the government’s responsibility to respect the man’s need and perform the necessity to please the man.
The French Revolution was the cause of many changes to the mainland of Europe during the seventeenth and eighteenth century. The Revolution was a conflict over absolute monarchism, social inequality or estate system and economic injustice with the enlightenment and the knowledge of other revolutions, such as the American Revolution were also factors that contributed to the French Revolution. The mighty reformation was a really frustrating time in the years of 1789 to 1799, and occurred over three stages, The Tennis Court Oath followed by The Great Fear then finally The Reign of Terror. After these three stages, The Rule of the Moderates that ended the French Revolution, Napoleon was the savior as he was instrumental to ending the frustrating
The French Revolution and American Revolution were the examples of regular people defying their legislature. The French opposed their administration in a savage way, as did the Americans. The French Revolution and American Revolution are comparative. They are comparable in light of the fact that the general population who revolted was customary natives waging war and assaulting their legislatures. This is in light of the fact that the two transformations had this association.
Oppression has always been prevalent throughout history, and as a response to this, the exploited often revolt, in turn, causing inciteful change. However, when the revolution only seeks revenge, it fosters more violence and creates a more oppressed society. The French Revolution while successful in the sense that it overthrew the government, has one dangerous aspect in common with oppression: violence. This revolution is depicted in A Tale of Two Cities by Dickens, where the persecuted peasants of France start a rebellion to try and achieve revenge government. However, by using violence as the primary method to abolish the government and boasting about the dominance of the revolution through the Carmagnole, the revolutionaries discredit themselves.
Robespierre had been known by his peers as ‘the incorruptible’. Many historians assert he is one of the most controversial, yet, also misunderstood figures of the French Revolution. His name, emblematic, in the height of the French Revolution, better known as the Reign of Terror; Robespierre had certainly been a man of great influence and power within the events of the French Revolution. Historians, from different eras, and origins had very diverse opinion on Robespierre and the power he had come into possession of. While some, particularly his English and Austrian contemporaries, saw him as the ‘devil incarnate’ , others praised him as defender of democracy and promoter of liberty.
Revolution nurtures a spirit of hatred, and therefore, retaliation within the people. This theme reoccurs in Les Misérables and A Tale of Two Cities as both authors investigate the nature of this hatred. According to Daniel Gordon, sovereignty should be significant in investigating how revolutions manifest. In its simplest form, the sovereign kings steal free will from its society leaving everyone else powerless (Gordon 3). Therefore, the citizens view the revolution with enthusiasm as citizens were rising up in revolt and overthrowing old aristocratic traditions (Glancy 4).
Then the Great Fear took place where the revolutionary ideas were spreading and bringing fear all around Europe. Many peasants were revolted because of the many years of inequality and exploration of the government. They made riots and strikes and fought for more equal rights. A radical called Maximilian Robespierre, which is opposite of the French King, decapitated many nobles. This was the Reign Of Terror.
St. Just states fearfully, “I cannot fear him — yet we must not scorn him” to describe the contempt that even those close to Robespierre felt for his actions. Coleridge is best known for his contributions in the first act of the play, which portrays Robespierre as a tyrant towards the people of France. In the play, Robespierre expresses anger towards anyone who feels sympathy toward traitors is “himself a traitor, were he not a
Despite the neglect for the importance of the intellectual origins from the Marxist school, a revolution has to be conceivable before it can take place. The Enlightenment’s critique of society and institutions, especially of despotism and the Church, laid foundations for a new order. Ideas of liberty, equality, the fellowship of man against oppression, democracy as an idealised solution, have all been accorded an important role. France saw even its peasants and artisans, thrown into turmoil by the thoughts of philosophes, making intellectual history a major area of inquiry. The Link Between the Age of Reason and the French Revolution When the influence of the Enlightenment on the revolution, is put to question, a tendency to blame the philosophes for their indirect involvement in events that are ‘too flawed’ in the scheme of the French Revolution.
Although he supported the idea of people rising up against tyranny, the violence that characterized the French Revolution troubled him. In the preface to his novel he says “to add something to the popular and picturesque means understanding that terrible time”. The story is set in London, Paris and the French countryside at the time of French Revolution. The book is sympathetic to the overthrow of the French aristocracy but highly critical of the reign of terror that followed. The whole book is dominated by the guillotine-tumbrels thundering to and fro and the bloody knives.