His personal defense is described in works two of his students: Xenophon and Plato. Both of them wrote papers called Apology, which is the Greek word for “defense”. In this essay I used Apology by Plato as the main resource, since it contents a more full account of the trial of Socrates and his words. Despite the fact that the philosopher attempted to defend himself and explain the reasons for saying and doing the things he did, it did not do any good for his justification. On the contrary, Socrates’ words seemed to make the jury harden their hearts and condemn him.
Pericles was respected and liked in Athenian society, and Socrates was neither respected nor liked. Socrates questioned everything about the way people lived their lives and their beliefs. Pericles believed that Athens was the best and the way that they lived was the right way and there should be no other way of life. With the way that Pericles and Socrates lived they would clearly have different views of life. Pericles believed that Athens was superior to any other Greek city- state.
Reasoning is all the positive and opposing arguments that support or critique the thesis by using logic. Socrates was accused and charged with being a corruptor of the youth and denying the gods of the city but introducing other divinities. Socrates defends his case by using reasoning and logic. Socrates said that if every Athenian improved the youth while only he corrupts them, then is influence should not have a greater effect than all the Athenians. Socrates didn’t corrupt the youth.
Socrates is guilty of corrupting the youth, telling us lies, and not believing in the god. As we go through this trial Athenians, I will prove to why Socrates is guilty. I will show you why he should be put to death. Socrates is guilty of corrupting the youth. He is guilty of making paying them to make us look like fools.
He clarifies that his conduct originates from an insight by the prophet at Delphi who guaranteed that he was the wisest of all men. Perceiving his obliviousness in most common undertakings, Socrates reasoned that he should be more clever than other men just in that he realizes that he knows nothing. Keeping in mind the end goal to spread this exceptional shrewdness, Socrates clarifies that he thought of it as his obligation to address assumed "insightful" men and to uncover their false intelligence as obliviousness. These exercises earned him much esteem among the adolescent of Athens, yet much contempt and outrage from the general population he humiliated. He refers to their scorn as the purpose behind his being put on trial.
In Plato's Gorgias, it is apparent that Socrates has no desire to be a good statesman as it is defined in the eyes of the Athenians. His calculation is that Athenian rhetoricians place no reliance on facts or truth, nor are these their aim. Instead, they rely on the illusion of knowledge, and this morally weakens both themselves and their audiences. It is clear however, that if he wishes, Socrates is able to match most or all of the other statesmen in Athens, as is clearly indicated by his very eloquent speech which ends the dialogue. Additionally, under his own definition of a good statesman, it is evident that Socrates is more than qualified.
He was one of the few people in the debate to use strong ethos. He was an Athenian man who, like Euphiletus, was as a victim to Eratosthenes’ corruption. He stated, “Eratosthenes has repeatedly stalked and ruined marriages.” His own wife was shamed by Eratosthenes and is the worst example for the young men of Athens. This was a good use of logos to
Socrates never answers if he accepted the gods and claimed to be guided by his inner daimonon. The audience was outraged as well as the conventional supporters in the court. The second argument is presented when Socrates undergoes this investigation. He believes it's his duty to the gods of the oracle to continue questioning men who think they are wise in order to show them that they are not truly intelligent.
Making enemies and becoming the topic of conversation, the Athenians began to view Socrates as a threat to their beliefs and way of life and sought to end it. In order to end this, Socrates was accused of blasphemy (Mod1SlideC7). Socrates’s accusers took him to court and after Socrates did not play their game by asking to be sent into exile, and in the end, he was sentenced to death. After reading the textbook and Plato’s writing influenced by Socrates, I realized that in the period of his life Socrates was indeed truly a threat to the Athens society, because he looked for answers that no one else bothered to find which challenged their culture.
The purpose behind Socrates cross-examination technique was to inquire and open a discussion based on asking and answering questions, to stimulate deeper thought and critical thinking of ideas discussed to counter the charges and make them seem invalid. The implementation of this cross-examination technique occurs when Socrates asks Meletus, “Tell me, my good sir, who improves our young men?”(Apology 24e). Meletus getting embarrassed in front of the jury by Socrates with the claims and comments like, “You see, Meletus, that you are silent and know not what to say” and simply answers, “The laws,” which was not a good enough answer to counter Socrates claims. At this point Socrates began to change the perspective of the trial with some simple intelligent questions. With the consistent questioning of Socrates, Meletus accepted that members of the assembly were all good influences on the youth, but considering the assembly admits all adult males, he mistakenly claims and admits that the entire population of Athens was a positive influence on the youth, except Socrates.
The Apology consists of Socrates making a speech while he 's on trial for multiple conviction; including corrupting the youth of Athens and not believing in the Gods. Throughout the short story we also read that the Oracle of Delphi tells Socrates that he 's the wisest man in all Greece, making Socrates question what they are implying and then tries to prove them inaccurate. Lastly, Socrates ends his speech by saying that "the unexamined life is not worth living". Socrates never fully explains what we was implying with this phase, however I believe he was expressing to "leave no stone unturned" and to live life to its fullest.
Socrates an ancient Greek philosopher who arguable set philosophical president for all modern western theories, even though he lived in ___________. Today in the 21st century his trial is still studied and widely debated. Some believe the trial to be just and the Athenians were correct in his prosecution, but a large populations argue that the trial was unjust and the Athenians used Socrates as a scapegoat for the issues that the Athena democracy was facing during that time. Three men brought forth the charges laid against Socrates. Metetus, a wildly religious man, Anytus, a wealthy business owner and Lycon who was largely unknown and likely only there to fill the Athenian political requirements, there brought fourth two charges, impiety and
Socrates, one of history 's wisest men, would face a grotesque and horrifying death due to his actions against the state of Athens. His pupils (Plato and Aristotle most notably) would describe his actions that lead up to his death as bold and memorable. Even after being sentenced to death, Socrates showed the courage to continue voicing his opinions to his students and political onlookers. The trial would go down as one of the most notable events in later Greek history. The execution of Socrates was a result of his negligence to the gods and corrupting the youth of Athens but, not all agree that it was a deserved death.